Hadith聖訓

General Information 一般資料

The Hadith is the record of the Prophet Muhammad's precepts, actions, and life, which constitute his Sunna, or example. “聖訓”是先知穆罕默德的戒律,行動和生活,這構成了他的聖行,或例如記錄。 It is accepted as a chief source of Islamic belief and practice and is second in authority only to the Qur'an (Koran).它被接受為伊斯蘭信仰和實踐的一個主要來源和權限,只有“古蘭經”(古蘭經)第二。 The six canonical Sunnite collections of Hadith, which date from the 9th century, and the corresponding Shiite collections of the 10th and 11th centuries delineate the various relationships among individuals and between the individual and God.的六個典型的遜尼派的聖訓集,從9世紀的日期,以及相應的10和11世紀的什葉派集合劃定的個人之間以及個人與上帝之間的各種關係。 They include provisions of law, discussions of theological matters, such as methods of fasting and prayer, and codes of personal, social, and commercial conduct.他們包括法律規定,討論神學方面的問題,如禁食和禱告的方法,和個人,社會和商業行為守則。

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Hadith聖訓

General Information 一般資料

The six correct or authentic collections of Traditions that are accepted by Sunni Muslims, are the compilations by: 6個正確的或真實的遜尼派穆斯林所接受的傳統的集合,是由彙編:
(again, Muhammad died in 632 AD) (同樣,穆罕默德死於公元632年)

One more name is often added to this list, that of Ahmed ibn Hanbal (early 800s AD), whose Musnad contains around 29,000 Traditions.還有一個名字經常被添加到這個列表中,艾哈邁德·伊本·罕百里(初737-800 AD),的Musnad包含大約29,000傳統。

One of the important aspects of any such Tradition that was collected around 200 years after the death of Muhammad was the isnads associated with each Tradition.其中一個重要方面,任何這樣的傳統,收集了大約200年後,穆罕默德的死亡是與每一個傳統的isnads。 An isnad is a list of the transmitters of that information, essentially the equivalent of a modern paper trail, to show the actual validity by tracking the individuals from Muhammad to the end recipient of the Tradition.一個isnad是這些信息的發射器的列表,基本上相當於一個現代的書面記錄,顯示實際的有效性,通過跟踪個人從穆罕默德的傳統終端接收方。 When a Tradition had an uncertain isnad, it was apparently removed from consideration as being part of the Hadith collection.當傳統有一個不確定的isnad,這顯然是不考慮的,作為聖訓集的一部分。

An extremely thorough researcher, Ignaz Goldziher, studied the Traditions from around 1870 to 1920, and those studies are still considered among the best research ever done.一個非常深入的研究,Ignaz Goldziher,研究的傳統在1870年左右到1920年,這些研究仍然被認為做過的最好的研究之中。 Goldziher, with absolutely impeccable research, including extremely solid documentation, showed that a vast number of hadith contained in the six collections were outright forgeries, which meant that the meticulous isnads supporting them were also forgeries and fictitious. Goldziher,絕對是無可挑剔的研究,包括非常可靠的文檔,結果表明,廣大的六個集合中包含的聖訓是徹頭徹尾的偽造的,這意味著細緻的isnads支持他們還偽造和虛構的。

Since Goldziher's documentation is so compelling, Islamic historians began claiming that legal traditions and historical traditions were entirely distinct, in order to maintain their absolute trust in the validity of all hadith.由於Goldziher的文檔是如此引人注目,伊斯蘭歷史學家開始聲稱的法律​​傳統和歷史傳統是完全不同的,以保持其絕對信任所有聖訓的有效性。 Goldziher's results seem to imply that the majority of hadith are NOT valid, and so only a minor fraction of hadiths are. Goldziher的結果似乎暗示,大多數的聖訓是有效的,所以只有一小部分的聖訓。

It is rather well established that, during the reigh of the Umayyads (beginning in 661 AD), a group of men recognized that the Caliphs were not particularly interested in doctrine, which was allowing the people to drift away from proper beliefs.這是相當完善的,在reigh的倭馬亞王朝(公元661年),一組人認識到,在哈里發不是特別有興趣的教義,讓人們偏離了正確的信念。 As a result, they felt it necessary to fabricate many Traditions "for the good of the community" and they claimed isnads that seemed to show that the Prophet Muhammad had initiated them.因此,他們感到有必要製造許多傳統“好社會”,他們聲稱isnads這似乎表明,先知穆罕默德已經啟動了。 Since these people were in effect operating as opponents to the ruling Umayyads, the rulers soon started "finding" hadiths to support whatever purpose they had.由於這些人實際上就如反對執政的倭馬亞王朝的統治者很快就開始“發現”聖訓來支持他們不管出於什麼目的。 As a result, two different groups of people were manufacturing fake Traditions during that time.因此,兩群不同的人在這段時間裡製造假傳統。 Some of thos Traditions later found their way into one or more of the authentic collections of Traditions.的公益傳統,後來發現他們的方式進入正宗的傳統集合中的一個或多個。

Later, during the Abbasid Caliphs, this process multiplied.後來,在阿拔斯王朝的哈里發,這個過程成倍增加。 The Abbasids and the Alids created extremely large numbers of Traditions to try to get legitimacy for their own cause and to remove legitimacy from the other.阿拔斯王朝的Alids創造了非常大量的傳統,試圖讓自己的事業和合法性刪除從其他的合法性。 This situation kept growing, until good storytellers came to be able to make a good living in creating entertaining Traditions, which the people immediately accepted as being true of the Prophet Muhammad.這種情況持續增長,直到講故事來能有一個良好的生活創造有趣的傳統,裡面的人立即接受真正的先知穆罕默德。 Goldziher shows that storytellers eventually expressed the desire to be paid in cash for hadiths rendered. Goldziher表明,講故事的人最後表示,希望中為聖訓呈現的現金支付。 The very best storytellers became rather prosperous, in making up Traditions that seemed believable!最好的講故事的人變得相當繁榮,傳統,似乎可信的!

This situation had gotten so bad that individuals like al-Bukhari began insisting on isnads for each hadith, with the intention of confirming the validity.這種情況變得如此糟糕,個人布哈里等開始堅持isnads,的每個聖訓,確認其有效性的意圖。 The storytellers often became very good at presenting believable isnads along with their entertaining false stories.講故事的人常常伴隨著他們有趣的虛假消息,提出了可信的isnads成了很好的。

After these six collections were accepted as authentic, their texts did not remain static.在這些藏品被接受為真實的,他們的案文沒有一成不變的。 At one point, there were more than a dozen variations if the Bukhari text, and deliberate attempts to alter them also occurred, to benefit the credibility of the forces then in power.在一個點上,有十幾變化,如果的布哈里文本,故意也發生了改變,受益的力量,然後在電源的信譽。

An interesting observation of Goldziher and Schacht and other Islamicist scholars is that, commonly, isnads that were more elaborate and seemingly technically correct tended to be associated with spurious hadiths!一個有趣的現象是,Goldziher和的沙赫特和其他伊斯蘭學者普遍,isnads更詳細的貌似技術上是正確的,往往是與虛假的聖訓! One of the brilliant ways that the scholars have shown that specific hadiths did not exist at specific times is that they were not used to support legal doctrines, where their presence would most certainly have been used as central evidence.一個輝煌的方式,學者們在特定的時間特定的聖訓是不存在的,他們不支持,他們的存在肯定會被作為核心證據的法律原則,。

More recent massive scholarly research, particularly by John Wansbrough, concludes that virtually none of the hadiths are actually directly associated with the Prophet Muhammad.最近的大規模的學術研究,特別是約翰·Wansbrough,得出結論認為,幾乎沒有實際上是直接與先知穆罕​​默德的聖訓。 Those researchers have various opinions of the consequences of that.這些研究人員有不同的看法,所帶來的後果。


Sahih Al Bukhari Hadiths布哈里鋁布哈里聖訓

Indexed Listing 索引上市

  1. Revelation啟示
  2. Belief信念
  3. Knowledge知識
  4. Ablutions (Wudu')洗浴設施(五毒“)
  5. Bathing (Ghusl)沐浴(洗大淨)
  6. Menstrual Periods月經週期
  7. Rubbing hands and feet with dust (Tayammum)摩擦雙手和雙腳的灰塵(Tayammum)
  8. Prayers (Salat)有禱告(禮拜)
  9. Virtues of the Prayer Hall (Sutra of the Musalla)德的祈禱大廳(經“的伊斯蘭教禱告室)
  10. Times of the Prayers時代的祈禱
  11. Call to Prayers (Adhaan)的禱告(喚)
  12. Characteristics of Prayer禱告的特性,
  13. Friday Prayer週五祈禱
  14. Fear Prayer恐懼禱告
  15. The Two Festivals (Eids)兩個節日(EIDS)
  16. Witr Prayer威特爾祈禱
  17. Invoking Allah for Rain (Istisqaa)調用真主雨(Istisqaa)
  18. Eclipses日食
  19. Prostration During Recital of Qur'an在古蘭經演奏會虛脫
  20. Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer)縮短的祈禱(AT-Taqseer)
  21. Prayer at Night (Tahajjud)在夜晚祈禱(夜功拜能使虔心拜)
  22. Actions while Praying而祈禱的動作
  23. Funerals (Al-Janaa'iz)葬禮(鋁Janaa'iz)
  24. Obligatory Charity Tax (Zakat)強制性慈善稅(天課)
  25. Obligatory Charity Tax After Ramadaan (Zakat ul Fitr)後齋月的強制性慈善稅(天課,UL開齋節)
  26. Pilgrimage (Hajj)朝聖(朝覲)
  27. Minor Pilgrimage (Umra)受戒(小朝)
  28. Pilgrims Prevented from Completing the Pilgrimage朝聖者無法完成朝聖之旅
  29. Penalty of Hunting while on Pilgrimage狩獵而在朝聖的罰款
  30. Virtues of Madinah麥地那的美德
  31. Fasting禁食
  32. Praying at Night in Ramadaan (Taraweeh)在齋月夜間禱告(Taraweeh)
  33. Retiring to a Mosque for Remembrance of Allah (I'tikaf)退休記念真主的清真寺(I'tikaf)
  34. Sales and Trade銷售和貿易
  35. Sales in which a Price is paid for Goods to be Delivered Later (As-Salam)稍後將銷售商品的價格支付(AS-薩拉姆)
  36. Hiring招聘
  37. Transference of a Debt from One Person to Another (Al-Hawaala)轉移的債務從一個人到另一個(鋁Hawaala)
  38. Representation, Authorization, Business by Proxy表示,授權業務代理
  39. Agriculture農業
  40. Distribution of Water水的分佈
  41. Loans, Payment of Loans, Freezing of Property, Bankruptcy貸款,支付貸款,凍結財產,破產;
  42. Lost Things Picked up by Someone (Luqaata)失去的東西拾起有人(Luqaata)
  43. Oppressions壓迫
  44. Partnership合作關係
  45. Mortgaging抵押
  46. Manumission of Slaves Manumission奴隸
  47. Gifts禮品
  48. Witnesses目擊者
  49. Peacemaking建立和平
  50. Conditions條件
  51. Wills and Testaments (Wasaayaa)遺囑和約(Wasaayaa)
  52. Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihaad)爭取事業的阿拉(Jihaad)
  53. One-fifth of Booty to the Cause of Allah (Khumus)五分之一的戰利品事業的阿拉(Khumus)
  54. Beginning of Creation創立伊始
  55. Prophets先知
  56. Virtues and Merits of the Prophet (pbuh) and his Companions的先知(願他平安無恙)和他的同伴的優點和美德
  57. Companions of the Prophet同伴的先知
  58. Merits of the Helpers in Madinah (Ansaar)在麥地那的助手的優點(輔士)
  59. Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (pbuh) (Al-Maghaazi)為首的軍事遠征的先知(願他平安無恙)(鋁Maghaazi)
  60. Prophetic Commentary on the Qur'an (Tafseer of the Prophet (pbuh))先知的評論(“古蘭經”:Tafseer的先知(願他平安無恙))
  61. Virtues of the Qur'an “古蘭經”的美德
  62. Wedlock, Marriage (Nikaah)結合,婚姻(Nikaah)
  63. Divorce離婚
  64. Supporting the Family支持家庭
  65. Food, Meals食品,膳食
  66. Sacrifice on Occasion of Birth (`Aqiqa)犧牲在出生之際(`Aqiqa)
  67. Hunting, Slaughtering狩獵,屠宰
  68. Al-Adha Festival Sacrifice (Adaahi)宰牲節期間犧牲(Adaahi)
  69. Drinks飲料
  70. Patients患者
  71. Medicine醫藥
  72. Dress穿著
  73. Good Manners and Form (Al-Adab)良好的禮儀和表(鋁ADAB)
  74. Asking Permission問權限
  75. Invocations調用
  76. To make the Heart Tender (Ar-Riqaq)為了使心臟投標(AR-Riqaq的)
  77. Divine Will (Al-Qadar)神的意志(鋁Qadar)
  78. Oaths and Vows宣誓,並誓言
  79. Expiation for Unfulfilled Oaths救贖未履行宣誓
  80. Laws of Inheritance (Al-Faraa'id)法律繼承(鋁Faraa'id)
  81. Limits and Punishments set by Allah (Hudood)真主(Hudood法令所訂的限制和處罰)
  82. Punishment of Disbelievers at War with Allah and His Apostle處罰不信道者在戰爭與真主和他的使徒
  83. Blood Money (Ad-Diyat)血錢(AD-Diyat)
  84. Dealing with Apostates處理背教者
  85. Saying Something under Compulsion (Ikraah)說的東西在強迫之下(Ikraah)的
  86. Tricks技巧
  87. Interpretation of Dreams夢的解析
  88. Afflictions and the End of the World造成的痛苦和天涯
  89. Judgments (Ahkaam)判斷(Ahkaam)
  90. Wishes願望
  91. Accepting Information Given by a Truthful Person一個誠實的人接受信息
  92. Holding Fast to the Qur'an and Sunnah堅守“古蘭經”和“聖訓”
  93. ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED)統一性,唯一性安拉(認主獨一)

Some Books of these Hadiths collected by al-Bukhari are presented in their entirety, translated into English, in the following links. 這些布哈里聖訓收集的一些書籍的全部,翻譯成英文,在下面的鏈接。



Also, see:此外,見:
Islam, Muhammad 伊斯蘭教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an 可蘭經,可蘭經
Pillars of Faith 支柱的信仰
Abraham 亞伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham 全書亞伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari 啟示-h adiths從第一冊的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari 信仰-h adiths從第二冊的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari 知識-h adiths從第三冊的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari 時代的祈禱-h adiths從書展1 0個基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari 縮短祈禱(在taqseer ) -h adiths從書展2 0鋁布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari 朝聖(朝覲) -h adiths從書展2 6鋁布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari 爭取事業的阿拉(傑哈德) -h adiths圖書5 2鋁布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari 同一性,獨特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths圖書9 3鋁布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanafiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni) malikiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni) shafi'iyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanbaliyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni) maturidiyyah神學(遜尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni) ash'ariyyah神學(遜尼派)
Mutazilah Theology mutazilah神學
Ja'fari Theology (Shia) ja'fari神學(什葉派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia) nusayriyyah神學(什葉派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia) zaydiyyah神學(什葉派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia) 伊瑪目(什葉派)
Druze 德魯茲
Qarmatiyyah (Shia) qarmatiyyah (什葉派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail 伊斯梅爾,司馬義。
Early Islamic History Outline 早在伊斯蘭歷史綱要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿維森納
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone 天房,黑石頭
Ramadan 齋月
Sunnites, Sunni 遜尼派,遜尼派
Shiites, Shia 什葉派,什葉派
Mecca 麥加
Medina 麥迪
Sahih, al-Bukhari sahih ,鋁-布哈里
Sufism 蘇非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主義
Abu Bakr 阿布巴克爾
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭馬亞王朝
Fatima 法蒂瑪
Fatimids (Shia) 法蒂瑪王朝(什葉派)
Ismailis (Shia) 伊斯瑪儀教派(什葉派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 薩拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar 伊斯蘭日曆
Interactive Muslim Calendar 互動穆斯林日曆


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