Hanafiyyah, Hanafi School, Hanafis 哈納菲

General Information 一般資料

Doctrines教義

The Hanafiyyah school is the first of the four orthodox Sunni schools of law. Hanafiyyah學校是第一的四個正統的遜尼派學校的法律。 It is distinguished from the other schools through its placing less reliance on mass oral traditions as a source of legal knowledge. It developed the exegesis of the Qur'an through a method of analogical reasoning known as Qiyas. 它不同於其他學校通過其將更少地依賴法律知識的來源,質量口頭傳統。訓詁學的“古蘭經”通過類比推理稱為Qiyas的方法。 It also established the principle that the universal concurrence of the Ummah (community) of Islam on a point of law, as represented by legal and religious scholars, constituted evidence of the will of God.它確立的原則,普遍贊同伊斯蘭世界(社區)的伊斯蘭教法的一個點上,法律和宗教學者為代表,構成了神的旨意的證據。 This process is called ijma', which means the consensus of the scholars.這個過程被稱為ijma“,這意味著學者的共識。 Thus, the school definitively established the Qur'an, the Traditions of the Prophet, ijma' and qiyas as the basis of Islamic law.因此,學校明確建立的的古蘭經,傳統的先知,ijma“和qiyas的伊斯蘭法的基礎上。 In addition to these, Hanafi accepted local customs as a secondary source of the law.除了這些,,哈納菲接受當地海關作為輔光源的法律。

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History歷史

The Hanafi school of law was founded by Nu'man Abu Hanifah (d.767) in Kufa in Iraq.哈納菲學校的法律是由努曼在伊拉克庫法的阿布Hanifah(d.767)。 It derived from the bulk of the ancient school of Kufa and absorbed the ancient school of Basra.它的大部分來自古老的學校,庫法和巴士拉吸收了古老的學校。 Abu Hanifah belonged to the period of the successors (tabiin)of the Sahabah (the companions of the Prophet).阿布Hanifah屬於期間的接班人(tabiin)的Sahabah(同伴的先知)。 He was a Tabi'i since he had the good fortune to have lived during the period when some of the Sahabah were still alive.他是一個Tabi'i,因為他有幸生活期間,當一些的Sahabah的還活著。 Having originated in Iraq, the Hanafi school was favoured by the first 'Abbasid caliphs in spite of the school's opposition to the power of the caliphs.起源於伊拉克,哈納菲學校的第一個'阿拔斯王朝的哈里發的青睞,儘管學校的反對哈里發的權力。

The privileged position which the school enjoyed under the 'Abbasid caliphate was lost with the decline of the 'Abbasid caliphate.學校下享有的“阿拔斯王朝的哈里發的特權地位,失去了下降的”阿拔斯王朝的哈里發。 However, the rise of the Ottoman empire led to the revival of Hanafi fortunes.然而,奧斯曼帝國的崛起導致的復興哈納菲財富。 Under the Ottomans the judgement-seats were occupied by Hanafites sent from Istanbul, even in countries where the population followed another madhhab.在奧斯曼帝國的判斷座椅被佔用的從伊斯坦布爾Hanafites發送,即使在國家的人口跟另一個madhhab。 Consequently, the Hanafi madhhab became the only authoritative code of law in the public life and official administration of justice in all the provinces of the Ottoman empire.因此,,哈納菲madhhab成為唯一的權威的代碼在所有省份的奧斯曼帝國在公共生活和正式司法行政的法律。 Even today the Hanafi code prevails in the former Ottoman countries.即使在今天,的哈納菲代碼為準的前奧斯曼國家。 It is also dominant in Central Asia and India.這也是在中亞和印度佔主導地位。

Symbols符號

The Hanafi school of jurisprudence has no distinctive symbol system.哈納菲學校的判例有沒有鮮明的符號系統。

Adherents遺民

There are no official figures for the number of followers of the Hanafi school of law.哈納菲法學院的追隨者的數量有沒有官方的數字。 It is followed by the vast majority of people in the Muslim world.其次是在穆斯林世界的絕大多數人。

Headquarters / Main Centre總部/主要中心

The school has no headquarters as such.學校有沒有這樣的總部。 It is followed by the majority of the Muslim population Of Turkey, Albania, the Balkans, Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, India and Iraq.其次是土耳其,阿爾巴尼亞,巴爾幹,中亞,阿富汗,巴基斯坦,中國,印度和伊拉克的穆斯林人口多數的。

Bülent Þenay比倫特埃傑Þenay
Overview of World Religions Project世界宗教項目概述


Hanafiyyah School, Hanafi Hanafiyyah學校,哈納菲

Shi'a Information 什葉派信息

Abu Hanifa (699-767) placed the emphasis on opinions reached by individual reasoning, and used analogy extensively.阿布·哈尼法(699-767)把重點放在個人推理得出的意見,並廣泛地用於比喻。 His broad interpretations displayed a flexibility that increased the appeal of his jurisprudence, particularly to rulers who sought easy justifications for their actions.他的寬泛的解釋顯示出的靈活性,增加了上訴,他的判例,特別是對統治者尋求簡單的理由為自己的行為。 He was by profession a trader in silk in Kufa, where he also taught, and the school of law that now bears his name claims the largest number of Sunni adherents.他是在絲綢行業的交易員在庫法,他也教了的地方和學校的法律,現在他的名字命名,要求遜尼派信徒人數最多的。

Shaykh Fadhlalla Haeri謝赫Fadhlalla Haeri
THE ELEMENTS OF ISLAM, Chapter 4伊斯蘭的元素,第4章



Also, see:此外,見:
Islam, Muhammad 伊斯蘭教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an 可蘭經,可蘭經
Pillars of Faith 支柱的信仰
Abraham 亞伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham 全書亞伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari 啟示-h adiths從第一冊的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari 信仰-h adiths從第二冊的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari 知識-h adiths從第三冊的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari 時代的祈禱-h adiths從書展1 0個基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari 縮短祈禱(在taqseer ) -h adiths從書展2 0鋁布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari 朝聖(朝覲) -h adiths從書展2 6鋁布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari 爭取事業的阿拉(傑哈德) -h adiths圖書5 2鋁布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari 同一性,獨特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths圖書9 3鋁布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanafiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni) malikiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni) shafi'iyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanbaliyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni) maturidiyyah神學(遜尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni) ash'ariyyah神學(遜尼派)
Mutazilah Theology mutazilah神學
Ja'fari Theology (Shia) ja'fari神學(什葉派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia) nusayriyyah神學(什葉派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia) zaydiyyah神學(什葉派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia) 伊瑪目(什葉派)
Druze 德魯茲
Qarmatiyyah (Shia) qarmatiyyah (什葉派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail 伊斯梅爾,司馬義。
Early Islamic History Outline 早在伊斯蘭歷史綱要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿維森納
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone 天房,黑石頭
Ramadan 齋月
Sunnites, Sunni 遜尼派,遜尼派
Shiites, Shia 什葉派,什葉派
Mecca 麥加
Medina 麥迪
Sahih, al-Bukhari sahih ,鋁-布哈里
Sufism 蘇非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主義
Abu Bakr 阿布巴克爾
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭馬亞王朝
Fatima 法蒂瑪
Fatimids (Shia) 法蒂瑪王朝(什葉派)
Ismailis (Shia) 伊斯瑪儀教派(什葉派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 薩拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar 伊斯蘭日曆
Interactive Muslim Calendar 互動穆斯林日曆


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