Hanbaliyyah, Hanbali School, Hanbalis漢巴里

General Information 一般資料

Doctrines教義

The Hanbali school is the fourth orthodox school of law within Sunni Islam. 罕百里學校是第四個正統派的遜尼派伊斯蘭教法內。 It derives its decrees from the Qur'an and the Sunnah, which it places above all forms of consensus, opinion or inference. The school accepts as authoritative an opinion given by a Companion of the Prophet, providing there is no disagreement with anther Companion. 它源於它的法令,從“古蘭經”和“聖訓”,它把以上所有形式的共識,意見或推斷。學校接受由一個同伴的先知權威的意見,與花藥伴侶並無任何意見分歧。 In the case of such disagreement, the opinion of the Companion nearest to that of the Qur'an or the Sunnah will prevail.在這種分歧的情況下,認為最近的“古蘭經”或“聖訓”的配套為準。

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History歷史

The Hanbali school of law was established by Ahmad b.罕百里法學院成立由艾哈邁德b。 Hanbal (d.855).罕百里(d.855)。 He studied law under different masters, including Imam Shafi'i (the founder of his own school).他學習了法律在不同的主人,包括伊瑪目沙斐儀(創辦自己的學校)。 He is regarded as more learned in the traditions than in jurisprudence.他被認為是比越有學問的傳統,在法理學中。 His status also derives from his collection and exposition of the hadiths.他的狀態也來自他的收藏和展覽的聖訓。 His major contribution to Islamic scholarship is a collection of fifty-thousand traditions known as 'Musnadul-Imam Hanbal'.他的主要貢獻伊斯蘭獎學金是一家集五千年傳統,被稱為“Musnadul伊瑪目罕百里。

In spite of the importance of Hanbal's work his school did not enjoy the popularity of the three preceding Sunni schools of law.罕百里的工作的重要性,儘管他的學校並沒有享受到前三個遜尼派法律學校的普及。 Hanbal's followers were regarded as reactionary and troublesome on account of their reluctance to give personal opinion on matters of law, their rejection of analogy, their fanatic intolerance of views other than their own, and their exclusion of opponents from power and judicial office.罕百里的追隨者被認為是反動的,麻煩的考慮,他們不願意給個人意見的法律問題上,他們拒絕的比喻,他們狂熱的不容忍比自己的意見,以及他們被排除的對手權和司法辦公室。 Their unpopularity led to periodic bouts of persecution against them.他們的不受歡迎導致週期性的對他們的迫害。

The later history of the school has been characterised by fluctuations in their fortunes.後來的歷史的學校的特點是他們的財富波動。 Hanbali scholars such as Ibn Taymiyya (d.1328) and Ibn Qayyim al-Jouzia (d.1350), did display more tolerance to other views than their predecessors and were instrumental in making the teachings of Hanbali more generally accessible.罕百里學派的學者,如:伊本Taymiyya(d.1328)和伊本·蓋伊目,Jouzia(d.1350),顯示其他意見比他們的前輩更多的寬容和罕百里的教誨,更普遍的訪問。

From time to time Hanbaliyyah became an active and numerically strong school in certain areas under the jurisdiction of the 'Abbassid Caliphate.不時在某些領域,,Hanbaliyyah成為一個積極和數字強的學校下轄的“Abbassid哈里發。 But its importance gradually declined under the Ottoman Turks.但它的重要性逐漸下降,在奧斯曼土耳其人。 The emergence of the Wahabi in the nineteenth century and its challenge to Ottoman authority enabled Hanbaliyyah to enjoy a period of revival.在19世紀,奧斯曼帝國權威的挑戰出現的瓦哈比啟用Hanbaliyyah享受一段時間的復興。 Today the school is officially recognised as authoritative in Saudi Arabia and areas within the Persian Gulf.今天學校正式在沙特阿拉伯和波斯灣的範圍內公認的權威。

Symbols符號

Hanbaliyyah does not possess a distinctive symbol system. Hanbaliyyah不具備一個獨特的符號系統。

Adherents遺民

There are no official figures identifying the number of people associated with the school.有沒有官方的數字識別與學校相關的人的數量。

Headquarters / Main Centre總部/主要中心

The school has no headquarters or main centre.學校有沒有總部或主要中心。

Bülent Þenay比倫特埃傑Þenay
Overview of World Religions Project世界宗教項目概述


Hanbaliyyah Hanbaliyyah

General Information 一般資料

Ibn Hanbal (d.855), to whom the Hanbali school is attributed, used the foundation of Al-Shafi`i for the development of his line of thought.伊本·罕百里(d.855),罕百里學校,是因為使用的基礎上的Al-“沙菲`我為他的思路發展。 He emphasized methods of choosing Hadith, even preferring a weak Hadith over a strong analogy.他強調方法的選擇聖訓,甚至寧願一個弱聖訓,一個強大的比喻。

Shaykh Fadhlalla Haeri謝赫Fadhlalla Haeri
THE ELEMENTS OF ISLAM, Chapter 4伊斯蘭的元素,第4章



Also, see:此外,見:
Islam, Muhammad 伊斯蘭教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an 可蘭經,可蘭經
Pillars of Faith 支柱的信仰
Abraham 亞伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham 全書亞伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari 啟示-h adiths從第一冊的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari 信仰-h adiths從第二冊的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari 知識-h adiths從第三冊的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari 時代的祈禱-h adiths從書展1 0個基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari 縮短祈禱(在taqseer ) -h adiths從書展2 0鋁布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari 朝聖(朝覲) -h adiths從書展2 6鋁布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari 爭取事業的阿拉(傑哈德) -h adiths圖書5 2鋁布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari 同一性,獨特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths圖書9 3鋁布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanafiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni) malikiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni) shafi'iyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanbaliyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni) maturidiyyah神學(遜尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni) ash'ariyyah神學(遜尼派)
Mutazilah Theology mutazilah神學
Ja'fari Theology (Shia) ja'fari神學(什葉派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia) nusayriyyah神學(什葉派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia) zaydiyyah神學(什葉派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia) 伊瑪目(什葉派)
Druze 德魯茲
Qarmatiyyah (Shia) qarmatiyyah (什葉派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail 伊斯梅爾,司馬義。
Early Islamic History Outline 早在伊斯蘭歷史綱要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿維森納
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone 天房,黑石頭
Ramadan 齋月
Sunnites, Sunni 遜尼派,遜尼派
Shiites, Shia 什葉派,什葉派
Mecca 麥加
Medina 麥迪
Sahih, al-Bukhari sahih ,鋁-布哈里
Sufism 蘇非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主義
Abu Bakr 阿布巴克爾
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭馬亞王朝
Fatima 法蒂瑪
Fatimids (Shia) 法蒂瑪王朝(什葉派)
Ismailis (Shia) 伊斯瑪儀教派(什葉派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 薩拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar 伊斯蘭日曆
Interactive Muslim Calendar 互動穆斯林日曆


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