Jafari School of Shari'a, Ja'fari, Jacfariyya賈法裡學校的伊斯蘭教法,Ja'fari,Jacfariyya

Advanced Information 先進的信息

Arabic: jacfariyya阿拉伯語:jacfariyya

The Jafari School of Shari'a is the law system of the Twelver Shi'i Islam.賈法裡學校的伊斯蘭教法是法律制度的在Twelver伊斯蘭教什葉派。 Jafari is also used as another name for the Twelver Shi'is, reflecting the integration between law and theology in the creed.賈法裡也被用來作為另一名Twelver Shi'is,反映法律和神學的信條之間的整合。 In many texts and books, Jafari and Twelver Shi'ism is not distinguished, but presented as one orientation.在許多文章和書籍,賈法裡和Twelver什葉派是沒有區別的,但作為一個方向。

The fiqh of Jafari is somewhat different from that of Sunni schools, in which it does not employ qiyas, but uses the intellect, caql.的教律賈法裡是有所不同從的遜尼派學校,其中不使用qiyas的,但使用的智慧,caql。 Another difference is of course, that it doesn't use the same hadiths.另外一個區別是,當然,它不使用相同的聖訓。 Many Sunni hadiths are excluded due to being attributed to enemies of Shi'ism, like what is the case with Aisha's hadiths.許多遜尼派穆斯林聖訓排除由於什葉派的敵人,究竟什麼是與阿伊莎的聖訓。 Also they have a rich collection of their own unique hadiths, related to the imams, which by Shi'i definition could not commit sin or err.此外,他們有豐富的館藏自己獨特的聖訓,伊瑪目,什葉派的定義不能犯罪或犯錯。

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Among the differences between Sunni and Shi'i law are the focus on taqiyya, the permit to lie when life and health is in danger, and mut'a, temporary marriage.在法律遜尼派和什葉派之間的差異是重點許可證taqiyya,說謊時的生命和健康的危險是,臨時婚姻mut'a,。

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Jafari School of Shari'a賈法裡學校教法

Shi'a Information 什葉派信息

The principles of legal reasoning (the roots of fiqh) grew into an important arena of scholarship as they dealt with the place of Hadith and the legitimacy of such traditions, as well as the limits and method of ijtihad.法律推理的原則(根律)增長的一個重要舞台的獎學金,因為它們涉及的聖訓,這樣的傳統,以及伊智提哈德的限制和方法的合法性。 Shi`i Muslim groups developed their own system of law and moral precepts, which came to be called the Ja`fari school of law, so named after its foremost exponent, the sixth Shi`i Imam Ja`far As-Sadiq (d.765) who was the greatest teacher of his time in Medina.石`我的穆斯林團體的法律和道德戒律開發自己的系統,它後來被稱為JA`fari學校的法律,因此而得名其最重要的指數,第六石`我伊瑪目JA`據薩迪克(卒於765)誰是最偉大的老師,他在麥地那的時間。 Both Abu Hanifa and Imam Malik were among those, said to number four thousand, who benefited from his teachings.阿布·哈尼法和伊瑪目馬立克其中,編號4000,誰從他的教導中受益。 Ja`fari fiqh regarded consensus as valid only if the opinion of the Imam was included. JA fari律認為共識是有效的,只有在該意見的伊瑪目。 The line of development in Shi`i jurisprudence was more direct because of the belief that the Imams were infallible.線石`我的判例的發展,更直接的,因為相信伊瑪目是萬無一失的。 The Imams simply reflected and therefore reproduced the original prophetic teaching in different circumstances over a period of time.伊瑪目只反映了,過了一段時間,因此在不同的情況下,再現了原作的預言教學。 As a result of this advantage, they did not need to resort to analogy (which indeed later became unacceptable in Shi`i theology) nor was much importance attached to consensus.的結果,這方面的優勢,他們並不需要訴諸比喻(這當然是後來成為不可接受的石`我神學)也沒有太多的重視,達成共識。 They considered `Ali and the Ahl al-Bayt (the household of the Prophet) to be the best interpreters of the Qur`an and prophetic teachings.他們認為阿里和阿爾泰人,朝Bayt(家庭的先知)是最好的翻譯的古蘭經和先知的教誨。 Thus the Shi`i school is based entirely on traditions and teachings from the twelve Imams, each of whom was appointed by his predecessor, starting from `Ali Ibn Abi Talib and therefore the Prophet himself.因此,石`我校完全是基於傳統和教義從12伊瑪目,每個人被任命為他的前任,從`阿里·本·阿比Talib和自己的先知。 The last Imam entered occultation, and his return is awaited as the savior.最後伊瑪目進入的掩星,與他的回歸是期待已久的救星。

Shaykh Fadhlalla Haeri謝赫Fadhlalla Haeri
THE ELEMENTS OF ISLAM, Chapter 4伊斯蘭的元素,第4章



Also, see:此外,見:
Islam, Muhammad 伊斯蘭教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an 可蘭經,可蘭經
Pillars of Faith 支柱的信仰
Abraham 亞伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham 全書亞伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari 啟示-h adiths從第一冊的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari 信仰-h adiths從第二冊的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari 知識-h adiths從第三冊的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari 時代的祈禱-h adiths從書展1 0個基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari 縮短祈禱(在taqseer ) -h adiths從書展2 0鋁布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari 朝聖(朝覲) -h adiths從書展2 6鋁布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari 爭取事業的阿拉(傑哈德) -h adiths圖書5 2鋁布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari 同一性,獨特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths圖書9 3鋁布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanafiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni) malikiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni) shafi'iyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanbaliyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni) maturidiyyah神學(遜尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni) ash'ariyyah神學(遜尼派)
Mutazilah Theology mutazilah神學
Ja'fari Theology (Shia) ja'fari神學(什葉派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia) nusayriyyah神學(什葉派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia) zaydiyyah神學(什葉派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia) 伊瑪目(什葉派)
Druze 德魯茲
Qarmatiyyah (Shia) qarmatiyyah (什葉派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail 伊斯梅爾,司馬義。
Early Islamic History Outline 早在伊斯蘭歷史綱要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿維森納
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone 天房,黑石頭
Ramadan 齋月
Sunnites, Sunni 遜尼派,遜尼派
Shiites, Shia 什葉派,什葉派
Mecca 麥加
Medina 麥迪
Sahih, al-Bukhari sahih ,鋁-布哈里
Sufism 蘇非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主義
Abu Bakr 阿布巴克爾
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭馬亞王朝
Fatima 法蒂瑪
Fatimids (Shia) 法蒂瑪王朝(什葉派)
Ismailis (Shia) 伊斯瑪儀教派(什葉派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 薩拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar 伊斯蘭日曆
Interactive Muslim Calendar 互動穆斯林日曆


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