Kharijiyyah, Kharijite, Kharijites Kharijiyyah,Kharijite,Kharijites

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Doctrines教義

Kharijite belief is distinguished from that of mainstream Islam through its particular emphasis on good actions as well as belief. For the Kharijites the mere profession of the faith - "There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is the prophet of God" - was not sufficient in itself to make a person a Muslim; the profession had to be accompanied by righteousness and good works. Contrary to the Sunni view and practice, the Kharijites interpreted the Qur'anic command concerning "enjoining good and forbidding evil" to mean the vindication of their beliefs through the sword.區別於主流伊斯蘭教Kharijite的信念是通過其特別強調良好的行動以及信仰。 對於Kharijites僅僅界的信仰- “有沒有上帝,只有真主,穆罕默德是上帝的先知” -是不夠的本身人是一個穆斯林,行業必須伴隨著公義,好作品。與遜尼派的觀點和做法,Kharijites解釋古蘭經的命令,有關“責令可怕的邪惡”的意思是平反通過劍自己的信念。 With regard to the question of who should lead the community of Muslims, the Kharijites claimed that the community could only be led by those who were pious and righteous.關於誰應該領導的穆斯林社會的問題,Kharijites聲稱,社會只能是虔誠和正義的領導。 It was deemed acceptable to overthrow a ruler whose conduct fell short of these ideals.它被認為是可以接受的,推翻統治者,他的行為屬於這些理想。

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History歷史

Kharijiyyah emerged in the first century of Islam as a result of disputes within the community over the question of who should lead it. Kharijiyyah出現在二十一世紀的伊斯蘭教的糾紛在社區內的問題,誰應該領導的結果。 During the reign of the third caliph, 'Uthman, certain groups accused the caliph of nepotism and misrule, and this discontent led to his assassination in 656.的第三任哈里發統治期間,奧斯曼,某些團體指責哈里發的裙帶關係和暴政,這種不滿導致了他的刺殺656。 After 'Uthman's death Ali, the cousin of the Prophet, was invited by the Muslims at Madina to accept the caliphate, which he did, and thus became the fourth caliph (656-661).後,“奧斯曼的死亡先知的堂弟阿里,被邀請在麥地那的穆斯林接受哈里發,他做到了,並因此成為第四代哈里發(656-661)。 Ali's rule was opposed by Uthman's nephew, Mu'awiyah, who rebelled against Ali, but subsequently agreed to settle the issue of who should lead the community through human arbitration.阿里的統治是反對奧斯曼的侄子,穆阿維葉,誰違背了阿里,但後來同意解決的問題,要帶領社區通過人力仲裁。 The principle of the use of human arbitration for this purpose was opposed by certain groups within the community, who became known to history as the Kharijites (a term which means "those who go out, go off").為此目的而使用人力仲裁的原則,反對某些群體在社區內,誰被稱為歷史的Kharijites(一個術語,意思是“走出去,請關閉”)。

Because of their belief that the pursuit of truth was done through the use of the sword, they embarked upon endless campaigns against the community. 因為他們的信仰,對真理的追求是通過使用劍,他們開始著手對社會的活動層出不窮。 Gradually they were subdued, and within two centuries of the birth of Islam were wiped out. 漸漸地,他們被制服,伊斯蘭教的誕生,在兩個世紀內被消滅了。

Symbols符號

The Kharijites had no distinctive symbol system. Kharijites沒有鮮明的符號系統。

Adherents遺民

The group has no contemporary adherents.本集團並無當代信徒。 However, a moderate group called Ibadites, who refer themselves back to the Kharijites but reject their aggressive methods, are to be found in the sultanate of Oman and North Africa.然而,中度組名為阿曼蘇丹國和北非的Ibadites,誰是指自己的Kharijites,但拒絕其積極的方法,都可以找到。

Headquarters / Main Centre總部/主要中心

The Kharijites were centred around the marshes around Basra and on the left bank of the Tigris, a location which afforded them the opportunity to escape to the mountainous regions of the Iranian plateaus if defeated in battle.圍繞周圍的沼澤地裡巴士拉和左岸的底格里斯河,位置,為他們提供了逃跑的機會如果在戰鬥中擊敗伊朗的高原山區的Kharijites。

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Overview of World Religions Project世界宗教項目概述



Also, see:此外,見:
Islam, Muhammad 伊斯蘭教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an 可蘭經,可蘭經
Pillars of Faith 支柱的信仰
Abraham 亞伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham 全書亞伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari 啟示-h adiths從第一冊的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari 信仰-h adiths從第二冊的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari 知識-h adiths從第三冊的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari 時代的祈禱-h adiths從書展1 0個基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari 縮短祈禱(在taqseer ) -h adiths從書展2 0鋁布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari 朝聖(朝覲) -h adiths從書展2 6鋁布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari 爭取事業的阿拉(傑哈德) -h adiths圖書5 2鋁布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari 同一性,獨特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths圖書9 3鋁布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanafiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni) malikiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni) shafi'iyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanbaliyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni) maturidiyyah神學(遜尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni) ash'ariyyah神學(遜尼派)
Mutazilah Theology mutazilah神學
Ja'fari Theology (Shia) ja'fari神學(什葉派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia) nusayriyyah神學(什葉派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia) zaydiyyah神學(什葉派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia) 伊瑪目(什葉派)
Druze 德魯茲
Qarmatiyyah (Shia) qarmatiyyah (什葉派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail 伊斯梅爾,司馬義。
Early Islamic History Outline 早在伊斯蘭歷史綱要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿維森納
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone 天房,黑石頭
Ramadan 齋月
Sunnites, Sunni 遜尼派,遜尼派
Shiites, Shia 什葉派,什葉派
Mecca 麥加
Medina 麥迪
Sahih, al-Bukhari sahih ,鋁-布哈里
Sufism 蘇非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主義
Abu Bakr 阿布巴克爾
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭馬亞王朝
Fatima 法蒂瑪
Fatimids (Shia) 法蒂瑪王朝(什葉派)
Ismailis (Shia) 伊斯瑪儀教派(什葉派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 薩拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar 伊斯蘭日曆
Interactive Muslim Calendar 互動穆斯林日曆


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