Malikiyyah School, Maliki, Malikis, al-Muwatta, Muwatta馬利基

Advanced Information 先進的信息

Doctrines教義

Malikiyyah is the second of the Islamic schools of jurisprudence. Malikiyyah是第二次伊斯蘭學校的判例。 The sources of Maliki doctrine are the Qur'an, the Prophet's traditions (hadith), consensus (ijma'), and analogy (qiyas).馬利基學說的來源是“古蘭經”,先知的傳統(聖訓),共識,(ijma“),以及比喻(qiyas)。 (Over time, however, the school came to understand consensus to be that of the doctors of law, known as 'ulama.) (然而,隨著時間的推移,學校才明白共識的法律,被稱為“烏里瑪的醫生)。

Imam Malik's major contribution to Islamic law is his book al-Muwatta (The Beaten Path).伊瑪目馬立克伊斯蘭法的主要貢獻是他的書人穆宛塔(因循守舊)。 The Muwatta is a code of law based on the legal practices that were operating in Medina.穆宛塔是法為基礎的法律的做法,即經營者在麥地那的代碼。 It covers various areas ranging from prescribed rituals of prayer and fasting to the correct conduct of business relations.它涵蓋了各個領域,從規定的祈禱儀式和禁食的業務關係,正確的行為。 The legal code is supported by some 2,000 traditions attributed to the Prophet. 2000歸因於先知的傳統支持的法律法規。

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History歷史

Malikiyyah was founded by Malik ibn Anas (c.713-c.795), a legal expert in the city of Medina. Malikiyyah成立由馬利克·本·阿納斯(c.713-c.795),法律專家在麥地那的城市。 Such was his stature that it is said three 'Abbasid caliphs visited him while they were on Pilgrimage to Medina.這是他的身材,這是說三個“阿拔斯王朝的哈里發去看望他,當他們上到麥地那朝聖。 The second 'Abbasid caliph, al-Mansur (d.775), approached the Medinan jurist with the proposal to establish a judicial system that would unite the different judicial methods that were operating at that time throughout the Islamic world.第二個“阿拔斯王朝的哈里發,鋁 - 曼蘇爾(d.775),接近麥地那的法學家的建議,建立一個司法系統,將團結不同的司法方法,即經營者在當時的整個伊斯蘭世界。

The school spread westwards through Malik's disciples, becoming dominant in North Africa and Spain.學校蔓延向西通過馬利克的弟子,成為在北非和西班牙佔主導地位。 In North Africa Malikiyyah gave rise to an important Sufi order, Shadhiliyyah, which was founded by Abu al-Hasan, a jurist in the Malikite school, in Tunisia in the thirteenth century.在北非Malikiyyah了一個重要的蘇菲秩序,Shadhiliyyah在13世紀,這是由阿布·哈桑,一個的法學家在Malikite學校,在突尼斯。

During the Ottoman period Hanafite Turks were given the most important judicial in the Ottoman empire.哈納非特在奧斯曼帝國時期土耳其人在奧斯曼帝國最重要的司法。 North Africa, however, remained faithful to its Malikite heritage.北非,但是,仍然忠於其Malikite遺產。 Such was the strength of the local tradition that qadis (judges) from both the Hanafite and Malikite traditions worked with the local ruler.這是哈納非特和Malikite傳統的同時,qadis(法官)工作的當地傳統與當地統治者的力量。 Following the fall of the Ottoman empire, Malikiyyah regained its position of ascendancy in the region.以下為秋季的奧斯曼帝國,Malikiyyah恢復其在該地區的優勢地位。 Today Malikite doctrine and practice remains widespread throughout North Africa, the Sudan and regions of West and Central Africa.今天的Malikite的理論和實踐仍較為普遍,整個北非,蘇丹和地區的西部和中部非洲。

Symbols符號

As a school of law Malikiyyah has no symbols.作為一所學校的法律Malikiyyah有任何符號。

Adherents遺民

There are no figures indicating the size of the school.有沒有數字表示,學校的大小。

Headquarters / Main Centre總部/主要中心

The school has no headquarters or main centre.學校有沒有總部或主要中心。

Bülent Þenay比倫特埃傑Þenay
Overview of World Religions Project世界宗教項目概述


Malikiyyah, Maliki, Malikis Malikiyyah,馬利基,Malikis

Shi'a Information 什葉派信息

Malik (715-795) worked on the assumption that the ways of the elders of Medina (the Companions of the Prophet and their descendants) should be uncorrupted either by the new converts or tribal ways, or by the influence of the subsequently developed garrison towns.馬利克(715-795)的假設,工作方式的長老麥地那(同伴的先知和他們的後代)應廉潔的新信徒或部落的方式,或由隨後開發的駐軍城鎮的影響。 The practice of Medina was the way of Muhammad and from this an idealized model of Medina emerged.麥地那的做法,是穆罕默德的方式,這是一個理想化的模型,麥地那。

Shaykh Fadhlalla Haeri謝赫Fadhlalla Haeri
THE ELEMENTS OF ISLAM, Chapter 4伊斯蘭的元素,第4章



Also, see:此外,見:
Islam, Muhammad 伊斯蘭教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an 可蘭經,可蘭經
Pillars of Faith 支柱的信仰
Abraham 亞伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham 全書亞伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari 啟示-h adiths從第一冊的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari 信仰-h adiths從第二冊的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari 知識-h adiths從第三冊的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari 時代的祈禱-h adiths從書展1 0個基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari 縮短祈禱(在taqseer ) -h adiths從書展2 0鋁布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari 朝聖(朝覲) -h adiths從書展2 6鋁布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari 爭取事業的阿拉(傑哈德) -h adiths圖書5 2鋁布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari 同一性,獨特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths圖書9 3鋁布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanafiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni) malikiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni) shafi'iyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanbaliyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni) maturidiyyah神學(遜尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni) ash'ariyyah神學(遜尼派)
Mutazilah Theology mutazilah神學
Ja'fari Theology (Shia) ja'fari神學(什葉派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia) nusayriyyah神學(什葉派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia) zaydiyyah神學(什葉派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia) 伊瑪目(什葉派)
Druze 德魯茲
Qarmatiyyah (Shia) qarmatiyyah (什葉派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail 伊斯梅爾,司馬義。
Early Islamic History Outline 早在伊斯蘭歷史綱要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿維森納
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone 天房,黑石頭
Ramadan 齋月
Sunnites, Sunni 遜尼派,遜尼派
Shiites, Shia 什葉派,什葉派
Mecca 麥加
Medina 麥迪
Sahih, al-Bukhari sahih ,鋁-布哈里
Sufism 蘇非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主義
Abu Bakr 阿布巴克爾
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭馬亞王朝
Fatima 法蒂瑪
Fatimids (Shia) 法蒂瑪王朝(什葉派)
Ismailis (Shia) 伊斯瑪儀教派(什葉派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 薩拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar 伊斯蘭日曆
Interactive Muslim Calendar 互動穆斯林日曆


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