Nusayriyyah, Nusayr, Nusayri, Nusayris Nusayriyyah,Nusayr,Nusayri,Nusayris

General Information 一般資料

Doctrines教義

Nusayriyyah is an extreme Shi'ite group named after its purported founder, Abu Shu'ayb Muhammad ibn Nusayr (d.868). Nusayriyyah是一個極端的什葉派組,其本意是創始人,阿布,舒艾卜穆罕默德·伊本·Nusayr(d.868)的名字命名的。 Nusayri doctrine is a mixture of Islamic, Gnostic and Christian beliefs. Nusayri主義是伊斯蘭教,諾斯替教和基督教信仰的混合物。 The Nusayris possess three distinctive doctrines which have led them to be treated as heretics by Sunni Muslims. Nusayris具備三個獨特的教義,導致他們被視為異端,由遜尼派穆斯林。

  1. The belief in incarnation.信念的化身。 The Nusayris believe that Ali is God in the flesh.的Nusayris認為,阿里是神在肉身。 Ali created Muhammad from his spirit, and Muhammad created Salman, an early Shi'ite saint.阿里創建穆罕默德從他的精神,和穆罕默德創建薩爾曼,早期的什葉派聖人。 These three form a Trinity in which Ali is described as the 'meaning', Muhammad is the 'name' and Salman is the 'door'.這三種形式中,阿里被描述為“意義”的三位一體,穆罕默德是'名'和Salman是'門'。
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  2. The rejection of the Qur'an and all forms of prayer associated with the Sunni tradition.拒絕“古蘭經”和所有形式的祈禱與遜尼派傳統。 All Islamic teaching can be interpreted spiritually and therefore does not have to be taken literally.所有伊斯蘭教學可以理解的精神,因此不必從字面上理解。
  3. Nusayris believe in reincarnation.在輪迴中Nusayris相信。 Contrary to Islamic belief, the Nusayris claim that women do not have souls and, therefore, there is no need to explain the secrets of Nusayri doctrine to women.相反,伊斯蘭信仰,Nusayris要求婦女不是有靈魂的,因此,有沒有需要解釋的秘密Nusayri學說的婦女。

Nusayris have their own distinct religious leaders, called shaikhs. These shaikhs are believed to be endowed with a kind of divine authority. Nusayris有自己獨特的宗教領袖,稱為shaikhs。這些shaikhs都被賦予了一種神聖的權力。 One of the Shaikh's duties is to lead religious and other forms of ceremony.謝赫的職責之一是引導宗教和其他形式的儀式。 Nusayris have special feasts in which they celebrate the anniversaries of their sacred figures. Nusayris具有特殊的節日中,慶祝紀念日,他們的神聖的數字。

At the age of 19 Nusayris undergo an initiation rite in which they begin to learn some of the secrets of the sect.在年齡的19 Nusayris的進行的啟動儀式中,他們開始學習一些該教派的秘密。 Nusayris are in fact born into the sect; the initiation ceremony serves to confirm their membership. Nusayris其實是進入第二節出生的啟動儀式,以確認其成員。

History歷史

The Nusayris trace their origins to the eleventh Shi'a Imam al-Hasan al-Askari (d.873) and his pupil Ibn Nusayr (d.868).的Nusayris追踪它們的起源到第十一屆的什葉派伊瑪目哈桑,阿斯卡里(d.873)和他的學生:伊本Nusayr(d.868)。 The Nusayris mostly lived in the mountains of Syria, supported by the Shi'ite Hamdanid dynasty. Nusayris大多住在山上的敘利亞所支持的的什葉派Hamdanid時期。 In 1085 the Shi'ite state fell to the Seljuk Turks.在1085年下降到塞爾柱突厥人的什葉派狀態。 The break down of political support made the Nusayris extremely vulnerable to attack and persecution.打破的政治支持Nusayris的非常容易受到攻擊和迫害。 In 1260 the Mongols captured Aleppo, the capital of the region, and killed many thousands of Shi'as. 1260年,蒙古人攻占阿勒頗,該地區的資本,並且殺害了成千上萬的什葉派穆斯林。 At the end of the 13th century many Shi'as were massacred by Sunni Muslims who objected to Shi'a support for the Christian crusaders.在13世紀的許多什葉派穆斯林被屠殺遜尼派穆斯林反對什葉派支持的基督教十字軍。 From then on the Nusayris and other Shi'ite branches were required to conform to the practices of Sunni Islam.從此的Nusayris和其他什葉派分支,以符合伊斯蘭教遜尼派的做法。

In the twentieth century Nusayris have enjoyed a degree of political dominance that is disproportionate to their size.在二十世紀Nusayris,享有一定程度的政治優勢,其規模是不相稱的。 After the first world war the French, who were ruling Syria at the time, made an unsuccessful attempt to establish a separate Nusayri state.第一次世界大戰後,法國人,誰是統治敘利亞的時候,做了不成功的嘗試建立一個單獨的Nusayri狀態。 Since 1970, following the coup of the Nusayri air force chief, Hafiz al-Asad, the Nusayris have been dominant in Syrian political and military life.自1970年以來,政變後的Nusayri空軍參謀長,哈菲茲·阿薩德,Nusayris已經在敘利亞的政治和軍事生活中佔主導地位。 Attempts to politically discredit President Asad because of his heterodox religious beliefs have been unsuccessful.企圖在政治上抹黑總統阿薩德,因為他的異端宗教的信仰都沒有成功。

Symbols符號

Nusayris use wine as a symbol for God. Nusayris使用葡萄酒作為神的象徵。

Adherents遺民

It is estimated that there about 600,000 Nusayris in Syria who make up about 11% of the population of the country (Halm 1991, 159).據估計,有大約60 Nusayris在敘利亞彌補約11%的人口的國家(哈姆,1991,159)。

Headquarters / Main Centre總部/主要中心

The headquarters of the movement is in Damascus, Syria.的運動是在敘利亞大馬士革的總部。

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Also, see:此外,見:
Islam, Muhammad 伊斯蘭教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an 可蘭經,可蘭經
Pillars of Faith 支柱的信仰
Abraham 亞伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham 全書亞伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari 啟示-h adiths從第一冊的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari 信仰-h adiths從第二冊的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari 知識-h adiths從第三冊的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari 時代的祈禱-h adiths從書展1 0個基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari 縮短祈禱(在taqseer ) -h adiths從書展2 0鋁布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari 朝聖(朝覲) -h adiths從書展2 6鋁布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari 爭取事業的阿拉(傑哈德) -h adiths圖書5 2鋁布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari 同一性,獨特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths圖書9 3鋁布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanafiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni) malikiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni) shafi'iyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanbaliyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni) maturidiyyah神學(遜尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni) ash'ariyyah神學(遜尼派)
Mutazilah Theology mutazilah神學
Ja'fari Theology (Shia) ja'fari神學(什葉派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia) nusayriyyah神學(什葉派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia) zaydiyyah神學(什葉派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia) 伊瑪目(什葉派)
Druze 德魯茲
Qarmatiyyah (Shia) qarmatiyyah (什葉派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail 伊斯梅爾,司馬義。
Early Islamic History Outline 早在伊斯蘭歷史綱要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿維森納
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone 天房,黑石頭
Ramadan 齋月
Sunnites, Sunni 遜尼派,遜尼派
Shiites, Shia 什葉派,什葉派
Mecca 麥加
Medina 麥迪
Sahih, al-Bukhari sahih ,鋁-布哈里
Sufism 蘇非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主義
Abu Bakr 阿布巴克爾
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭馬亞王朝
Fatima 法蒂瑪
Fatimids (Shia) 法蒂瑪王朝(什葉派)
Ismailis (Shia) 伊斯瑪儀教派(什葉派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 薩拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar 伊斯蘭日曆
Interactive Muslim Calendar 互動穆斯林日曆


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