Qarmatiyyah, Qarmati, Qarmatis, Isma'iliyyah Qarmatiyyah,Qarmati,Qarmatis,Isma'iliyyah

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Doctrines教義

The Qarmatis are a schismatic branch of Isma'iliyyah. Qarmatis是一個分裂的的Isma'iliyyah分公司。 Their beliefs are in many respects the same as Isma'iliyyah.他們的信仰是在許多方面一樣Isma'iliyyah的。 They believed that the shari'ah should be replaced and that the revelations of prophets such as Moses, Jesus and Muhammad were invalid.他們認為,伊斯蘭教法應更換和啟示的先知如摩西,耶穌和穆罕默德是無效的。 They also believed in reincarnation.他們也相信輪迴。 They differed from mainstream Isma'iliyyah (represented by the Fatimid caliphs) in refusing to recognise the Fatimid caliphs as their Imams.他們在不同從主流Isma'iliyyah的法蒂瑪王朝哈里發表示拒絕承認他們的伊瑪目法蒂瑪王朝哈里發。 Instead they maintained that Muhammad ibn Isma'il was the final Imam who would return as the Mahdi.相反,他們認​​為,穆罕默德·伊本·伊斯梅爾是最後的伊瑪目將返回的馬赫迪。

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History歷史

The Qarmatiyyah is an Isma'ilite Shi'ite community which settled mainly in the Bahrein peninsula in the 10th century.該Qarmatiyyah是一個Isma'ilite的什葉派穆斯林社區,主要定居在巴林半島在10世紀。 There are different opinions about the origins of the name of the movement; one of the more common views is that it derives from the name of an early convert, Hamdan b.運動的名稱的起源有不同的觀點,比較常見的觀點之一是,它的名字來源於早期的轉換,哈姆丹b。 Qarmat, a cattle breeder and driver who lived in the second half of the 9th century. Qarmat,牛飼養員和司機誰住在下半場第9個世紀。

The movement acquired its impetus from the belief in the imminent return of the Mahdi.運動獲得其動力從即將回歸馬赫迪的信念。 This impetus expressed itself in a number of attacks carried out by the movement into Iraq, one of which threatened to capture the Abbasid capital Baghdad.這的動力表示自己在進入伊拉克,其中一個威脅要抓住阿拔斯王朝的首都巴格達進行攻擊的運動。 In 930 the Qarmatis attacked Mecca during the pilgrimage season, killing many residents and pilgrims, and removed the black stone of the ka'bah.在930 Qarmatis攻擊麥加的朝聖季節期間,許多居民和朝聖者死亡,並去掉了黑色的石頭的ka'bah。 The removal of the Black Stone symbolised the Qarmati claim that Islam had now come to an end.去除的黑色石頭象徵的Qarmati的的聲稱,伊斯蘭教現在已經走到了盡頭。 (It was not until 951 that the Black Stone was returned to Mecca.) (直到951黑色的石頭被返回到麥加朝聖。)

In 932 a young Persian prisoner was proclaimed as the awaited Mahdi.在932一個年輕的波斯囚犯被宣布為期待已久的馬赫迪。 At this point events got out of hand.在這一點上,事件一發不可收拾。 The Persian is believed to have ordered the killing of certain Qarmati leaders and to have required the community to worship fire.波斯被認為是下令殺害某些Qarmati領導人的,需要社會崇拜火。 Eventually, in order to restore order the Persian himself was put to death.最後,以恢復秩序的波斯自己被​​處死。

The subsequent history of the Qarmati movement is one of steady decline.隨後的歷史的Qarmati運動是一個穩步下降。 In 1078 the Qarmati state of Bahrein came to an end, while other Qarmati communities were absorbed by Twelver Shi'ism. 1078年的Qarmati的狀態結束的時候,巴林,,而其他Qarmati社區被吸收Twelver什葉派。 By the 14th century the movement was all but extinct.到了14世紀的運動幾乎絕跡。

Symbols符號

The movement has no distinctive symbol system.運動並沒有鮮明的符號系統。

Adherents遺民

The movement has no contemporary adherents.運動並沒有當代的信徒。

Headquarters / Main Centre總部/主要中心

The movement was centred around the Bahrein peninsula.運動是圍繞著巴林半島。

Bülent Þenay比倫特埃傑Þenay
Overview of World Religions Project世界宗教項目概述



Also, see:此外,見:
Islam, Muhammad 伊斯蘭教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an 可蘭經,可蘭經
Pillars of Faith 支柱的信仰
Abraham 亞伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham 全書亞伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari 啟示-h adiths從第一冊的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari 信仰-h adiths從第二冊的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari 知識-h adiths從第三冊的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari 時代的祈禱-h adiths從書展1 0個基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari 縮短祈禱(在taqseer ) -h adiths從書展2 0鋁布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari 朝聖(朝覲) -h adiths從書展2 6鋁布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari 爭取事業的阿拉(傑哈德) -h adiths圖書5 2鋁布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari 同一性,獨特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths圖書9 3鋁布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanafiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni) malikiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni) shafi'iyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanbaliyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni) maturidiyyah神學(遜尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni) ash'ariyyah神學(遜尼派)
Mutazilah Theology mutazilah神學
Ja'fari Theology (Shia) ja'fari神學(什葉派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia) nusayriyyah神學(什葉派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia) zaydiyyah神學(什葉派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia) 伊瑪目(什葉派)
Druze 德魯茲
Qarmatiyyah (Shia) qarmatiyyah (什葉派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail 伊斯梅爾,司馬義。
Early Islamic History Outline 早在伊斯蘭歷史綱要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿維森納
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone 天房,黑石頭
Ramadan 齋月
Sunnites, Sunni 遜尼派,遜尼派
Shiites, Shia 什葉派,什葉派
Mecca 麥加
Medina 麥迪
Sahih, al-Bukhari sahih ,鋁-布哈里
Sufism 蘇非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主義
Abu Bakr 阿布巴克爾
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭馬亞王朝
Fatima 法蒂瑪
Fatimids (Shia) 法蒂瑪王朝(什葉派)
Ismailis (Shia) 伊斯瑪儀教派(什葉派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 薩拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar 伊斯蘭日曆
Interactive Muslim Calendar 互動穆斯林日曆


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