Shafi'iyyah School, Shafi'i, Shafi 沙菲

Advanced Information 先進的信息

Doctrines教義

Shafi'iyyah was the third school of Islamic jurisprudence. According to the Shafi'i school the paramount sources of legal authority are the Qur'an and the Sunnah. Of less authority are the Ijma' of the community and thought of scholars (Ijitihad) exercised through qiyas.是第三個學校Shafi'iyyah伊斯蘭法律制度。 根據法律權威的沙斐儀學派的最重要的來源是“古蘭經”和聖訓。職權較小的是Ijma的社會和思想的學者(Ijitihad)行使通過qiyas。 The scholar must interpret the ambiguous passages of the Qur'an according to the consensus of the Muslims, and if there is no consensus, according to qiyas.學者解釋“古蘭經”的曖昧通道根據共識的穆斯林,如果沒有共識,根據qiyas。

History歷史

The Shafi'iyyah school of Islamic law was named after Muhammad ibn Idris al-Shafi'i (767-819).伊斯蘭法律的Shafi'iyyah學校被命名為穆罕默德·伊本·伊德里斯後,沙斐儀(767-819)。 He belonged originally to the school of Medina and was also a pupil of Malik ibn Anas (d.795), the founder of Malikiyyah.他是屬於原來的麥地那的學校,也是學生的馬利克·本·艾乃斯(d.795),的Malikiyyah創始人。 However, he came to believe in the overriding authority of the traditions from the Prophet and identified them with the Sunnah.不過,他相信在壓倒一切的權威,從先知的傳統,並確定了它們的聖訓。

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Baghdad and Cairo were the chief centres of the Shafi'iyyah.巴格達和開羅的Shafi'iyyah的主要中心。 From these two cities Shafi'i teaching spread into various parts of the Islamic world.這兩個城市沙斐儀的教學和傳播伊斯蘭世界的成不同的部分。 In the tenth century Mecca and Medina came to be regarded as the school's chief centres outside of Egypt.在第十世紀的麥加和麥地那(Medina),後來被視為學校的主要中心之外的埃及。 In the centuries preceding the emergence of the Ottoman empire the Shafi'is had acquired supremacy in the central lands of Islam.在幾個世紀前出現的奧斯曼帝國的Shafi'is,在中央伊斯蘭教的土地收購至上。 It was only under the Ottoman sultans at the beginning of the sixteenth century that the Shafi'i were replaced by the Hanafites, who were given judicial authority in Constantinople, while Central Asia passed to the Shi'a as a result of the rise of the Safawids in 1501.這是只有在開始的16世紀,在奧斯曼帝國時代的Hanafites,司法機構在君士坦丁堡,而中亞的什葉派崛起的結果傳遞給被替換的沙斐儀Safawids在1501年。 In spite of these developments, the people in Egypt, Syria and the Hidjaz continued to follow the Shafi'i madhhab.儘管這些發展,在埃及,敘利亞和Hidjaz的人繼續遵循沙斐儀madhhab。 Today it remains predominant in Southern Arabia, Bahrain, the Malay Archipelago, East Africa and several parts of Central Asia.今天,它仍然主要在南,沙特阿拉伯,巴林,馬來群島,東非和中亞的幾個部分。

Symbols符號

The school has no symbol system.學校有沒有符號系統。

Adherents遺民

There are no figures for the number of followers of the school.學校的追隨者的數量有沒有數字。 It has some adherents in the following countries: Jordan, Palestine, Syria, the Lebanon and Yemen.它有一些信徒在以下國家:約旦,巴勒斯坦,敘利亞,黎巴嫩和也門。 It has a large following in the following countries: Egypt, Indonesia, the Philippines, Brunei, Singapore, Thailand, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and among the Kurdish people.在以下國家:埃及,印度尼西亞,菲律賓,文萊,新加坡,泰國,斯里蘭卡,馬爾代夫和庫爾德人之間的,它有一個大以下。

Headquarters / Main Centre總部/主要中心

The school does not have a headquarters or main centre.學校沒有總部或主要中心。

Bülent Þenay比倫特埃傑Þenay
Overview of World Religions Project世界宗教項目概述


Shafi'iyyah Shafi'iyyah

Shi'a Information 什葉派信息

it was Al-Shafi`i (767-820) who brought greater clarity to the different bases for legal decisions.它是鋁沙菲(767-820),帶來更清晰的不同基地的有關法律問題的決定。 He regarded of paramount importance all the general principles as well as the specific commandments in the Qur`an.他認為最重要的,所有的一般原則以及具體的誡命古蘭經的。 Equally important were the prophetic practices recorded in the Hadith, which he regarded as more important than the cumulative practices of the communities.同樣重要的是先知的“聖訓”中記錄的做法,他認為這是更重要的比累計的社區的做法。 For him the way of the Prophet was the manifestation of God's will, amply confirming or elaborating on the Qur`anic injunctions.對於他的先知是神的意志的體現,充分證實或闡述古蘭經齊尼奇禁令的。 The words and deeds of the Prophet drew out the implications and provisions of the Qur`an, and thus the Sunnah complemented the Qur`an.先知的言行引起的影響和古蘭經的規定,和,因此聖訓古蘭經的補充。

Shaykh Fadhlalla Haeri謝赫Fadhlalla Haeri
THE ELEMENTS OF ISLAM, Chapter 4伊斯蘭的元素,第4章



Also, see:此外,見:
Islam, Muhammad 伊斯蘭教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an 可蘭經,可蘭經
Pillars of Faith 支柱的信仰
Abraham 亞伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham 全書亞伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari 啟示-h adiths從第一冊的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari 信仰-h adiths從第二冊的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari 知識-h adiths從第三冊的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari 時代的祈禱-h adiths從書展1 0個基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari 縮短祈禱(在taqseer ) -h adiths從書展2 0鋁布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari 朝聖(朝覲) -h adiths從書展2 6鋁布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari 爭取事業的阿拉(傑哈德) -h adiths圖書5 2鋁布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari 同一性,獨特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths圖書9 3鋁布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanafiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni) malikiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni) shafi'iyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanbaliyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni) maturidiyyah神學(遜尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni) ash'ariyyah神學(遜尼派)
Mutazilah Theology mutazilah神學
Ja'fari Theology (Shia) ja'fari神學(什葉派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia) nusayriyyah神學(什葉派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia) zaydiyyah神學(什葉派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia) 伊瑪目(什葉派)
Druze 德魯茲
Qarmatiyyah (Shia) qarmatiyyah (什葉派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail 伊斯梅爾,司馬義。
Early Islamic History Outline 早在伊斯蘭歷史綱要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿維森納
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone 天房,黑石頭
Ramadan 齋月
Sunnites, Sunni 遜尼派,遜尼派
Shiites, Shia 什葉派,什葉派
Mecca 麥加
Medina 麥迪
Sahih, al-Bukhari sahih ,鋁-布哈里
Sufism 蘇非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主義
Abu Bakr 阿布巴克爾
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭馬亞王朝
Fatima 法蒂瑪
Fatimids (Shia) 法蒂瑪王朝(什葉派)
Ismailis (Shia) 伊斯瑪儀教派(什葉派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 薩拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar 伊斯蘭日曆
Interactive Muslim Calendar 互動穆斯林日曆


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