Zaydiyyah School, Zaydi, Zaydiyyah Zaydiyyah學校,Zaydi,Zaydiyyah

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Doctrines教義

Zaydiyyah is a Shi'ite school of law which, of all the groups in Shi'a, is closest to the Sunni tradition. Zaydiyyah是一個什葉派穆斯林學校的法,所有組中的什葉派,遜尼派的傳統,是最接近。 The Zaydis are principally distinguished from other Shi'ite groups in their conception of the nature of the Imamate.所有的Zaydis主要區別從其他什葉派組在其概念的性質的伊斯蘭教長。 Unlike the Imamis and Isma'ilis, who believe that the Imamate is handed down through a particular line of descendants, the Zaydis believe that anyone in the house of Ali is eligible for the Imamate.不同的是的Imamis和Isma'ilis,他認為,伊斯蘭教長流傳下來的後裔通過一個特定的行,的Zaydis相信,任何人在阿里的房子是合資格的伊斯蘭教長。 The Zaydis reject the doctrine of the Hidden Imam and the return of the Mahdi. Zaydis拒絕學說,隱藏的伊瑪目馬赫迪的回報。 The Imam is regarded as neither infallible nor capable of performing miracles.伊瑪目被視為既不是絕對可靠的,也不是能夠執行奇蹟。 Personal merit, rather than investiture, governs who should be made Imam.個人的好處,而不是天職,治應伊瑪目。

The Zaydis reject any form of 'sufi' tradition. Zaydis拒絕任何形式的“蘇菲”的傳統。 Theologically they are closest to the Mu'tazila school.神學的,是最接近的Mu'tazila學校。

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History歷史

The term "Zaydi" is applied to the followers of Zayd b. “Zaydi”是適用於b宰德的追隨者。 Ali, the grandson of al-Husayn (the son of the fourth caliph, Ali) and half-brother of the fifth Imam, Muhammad al-Baqir.阿里,侯賽因的孫子(的第四代哈里發阿里的兒子)和第五伊瑪目穆罕默德·兩度領導的同父異母兄弟。 Zaid b.扎伊德。 Ali was killed in 740 in an uprising against the Ummayad Caliph al-Hisham.起義反對伍麥葉王朝哈里發希沙姆·阿里被殺害了740。

In the 9th century two Zaydi states were established: one in Tabaristan, a region south of the Caspian Sea, and the other in Yemen.在9世紀Zaydi國家建立了一個在Tabaristan,一個地區南部的里海,和其他在也門。 The Zaydi state came to an end in 928 when its ruler, al-Hasan ibn al-Qasim, fell in battle.走到了盡頭,928 Zaydi狀態時,它的統治者,哈桑·本·卡西姆,在戰鬥中下跌。 However, in 964 a second Zaydi Imamate was established; this lasted until the twelfth century.然而,在964成立一個的第二Zaydi伊斯蘭教長,這樣的情況持續直到12世紀。 From the twelfth century the Zaydi communities declined in importance, and during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries were gradually incorporated into the Twelver Shi'a.從十二世紀的Zaydi的社區中的重要性下降,並在十五,十六世紀的Twelver什葉派逐步納入。 The Yemeni state of Zaydis was founded in 890 by Yahya ibn al-Husayn and has lasted up until the present day.葉海亞·本·侯賽因也門狀態Zaydis始建於890,並一直持續到現在。 In spite of internal fighting over succession and attacks from the Isma'ilis, the Yemeni state retained its independence until 1539 when it was conquered by the Ottoman Turks and became a province within the Ottoman empire.儘管內部繼承權的戰鬥和攻擊的Isma'ilis,也門國家保留其獨立性,直到1539年,當它被奧斯曼土耳其人征服,成為奧斯曼帝國的一個省範圍內。 In 1595 the Yemen Zaydis declared war on the Turks, which finally led to the departure of the last Ottoman governor in 1635.在1595也門Zaydis“宣戰的土耳其人,最終導致在過去的奧斯曼州長在1635年離開。 The Yemen retained its independence until 1872 when once again it became a province within the Ottoman empire.也門保留其獨立性,直到1872年再次成為奧斯曼帝國的一個省範圍內。 De facto independence was achieved during the first world war and actual independence with the fall of the Ottoman empire after the first world war.在第一次世界戰爭和實際獨立後的第一次世界戰爭的奧斯曼帝國的秋天實現事實上的獨立。

Following the dissolution of the Ottoman empire Imam Yahya was left in control of the Yemen.伊瑪目葉海亞的奧斯曼帝國解體後留在也門的控制。 In 1948 Imam Yahya was assassinated in an attempted palace coup.在1948年,伊瑪目葉海亞被暗殺在宮廷政變企圖。 The coup was defeated by Yahya's son, Ahmad, who succeeded his father as Imam.政變被擊敗了,艾哈邁德·葉海亞的兒子,誰接替他的父親伊瑪目。 When Imam Ahmad died in September 1962 he was succeeded by his son, Muhammad.當伊瑪目艾哈邁德在1962年9月去世,他的繼任者是他的兒子穆罕默德。 A week later an army coup deposed the Imam established the Yemen Arab Republic.一個星期後,軍事政變廢黜的伊瑪目,成立了阿拉伯也門共和國。 Since that time the Imamate has remained vacant.自那時以來,伊斯蘭教長一直空缺。

Symbols符號

Zadiyyah does not have a distinctive symbol system. zadiyyah不具有一個獨特的符號系統。

Adherents遺民

Zaydis are estimated to constitute 8 million of the some 70 million Shi'ite population of the world. Zaydis估計約70萬什葉派穆斯林人口佔世界構成800萬。 (Yann Richard, Shi'ite Islam (Oxford University Press, 1995 )). (晏理查德,什葉派(牛津大學出版社,1995年))。

Headquarters / Main Centre總部/主要中心

Zaydiyyah has no headquarters or such. Zaydiyyah有沒有總部或。 It is, however, the official school of the Yemen.然而,學校的也門官方。

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Overview of World Religions Project世界宗教項目概述



Also, see:此外,見:
Islam, Muhammad 伊斯蘭教,穆罕默德
Koran, Qur'an 可蘭經,可蘭經
Pillars of Faith 支柱的信仰
Abraham 亞伯拉罕
Testament of Abraham 全書亞伯拉罕
Allah 安拉
Hadiths hadiths
Revelation - Hadiths from Book 1 of al-Bukhari 啟示-h adiths從第一冊的基地布哈里
Belief - Hadiths from Book 2 of al-Bukhari 信仰-h adiths從第二冊的基地布哈里
Knowledge - Hadiths from Book 3 of al-Bukhari 知識-h adiths從第三冊的基地布哈里
Times of the Prayers - Hadiths from Book 10 of al-Bukhari 時代的祈禱-h adiths從書展1 0個基地布哈里
Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer) - Hadiths from Book 20 of al-Bukhari 縮短祈禱(在taqseer ) -h adiths從書展2 0鋁布哈里
Pilgrimmage (Hajj) - Hadiths from Book 26 of al-Bukhari 朝聖(朝覲) -h adiths從書展2 6鋁布哈里
Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihad) - Hadiths of Book 52 of al-Bukhari 爭取事業的阿拉(傑哈德) -h adiths圖書5 2鋁布哈里
ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) - Hadiths of Book 93 of al-Bukhari 同一性,獨特的阿拉tawheed ) -h adiths圖書9 3鋁布哈里
Hanafiyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanafiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Malikiyyah School Theology (Sunni) malikiyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Shafi'iyyah School Theology (Sunni) shafi'iyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Hanbaliyyah School Theology (Sunni) hanbaliyyah學校神學(遜尼派)
Maturidiyyah Theology (Sunni) maturidiyyah神學(遜尼派)
Ash'ariyyah Theology (Sunni) ash'ariyyah神學(遜尼派)
Mutazilah Theology mutazilah神學
Ja'fari Theology (Shia) ja'fari神學(什葉派)
Nusayriyyah Theology (Shia) nusayriyyah神學(什葉派)
Zaydiyyah Theology (Shia) zaydiyyah神學(什葉派)
Kharijiyyah kharijiyyah
Imams (Shia) 伊瑪目(什葉派)
Druze 德魯茲
Qarmatiyyah (Shia) qarmatiyyah (什葉派)
Ahmadiyyah ahmadiyyah
Ishmael, Ismail 伊斯梅爾,司馬義。
Early Islamic History Outline 早在伊斯蘭歷史綱要
Hegira hegira
Averroes averroes
Avicenna 阿維森納
Machpela machpela
Kaaba, Black Stone 天房,黑石頭
Ramadan 齋月
Sunnites, Sunni 遜尼派,遜尼派
Shiites, Shia 什葉派,什葉派
Mecca 麥加
Medina 麥迪
Sahih, al-Bukhari sahih ,鋁-布哈里
Sufism 蘇非派
Wahhabism 瓦哈比主義
Abu Bakr 阿布巴克爾
Abbasids abbasids
Ayyubids ayyubids
Umayyads 倭馬亞王朝
Fatima 法蒂瑪
Fatimids (Shia) 法蒂瑪王朝(什葉派)
Ismailis (Shia) 伊斯瑪儀教派(什葉派)
Mamelukes mamelukes
Saladin 薩拉丁
Seljuks seljuks
Aisha 的Aisha
Ali 阿里
Lilith lilith
Islamic Calendar 伊斯蘭日曆
Interactive Muslim Calendar 互動穆斯林日曆


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