Saint Bartholomew聖巴塞洛繆

General Information 一般資料

Saint Bartholomew was one of the Apostles, mentioned only in the lists of the Twelve (Matt. 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:14; Acts 1:13).聖巴塞洛繆的使徒,只提到在列表中的12個(馬太福音10時03分;馬克3時18分,盧克6點14分,使徒行傳1:13)。 His name means "son of Tolmai," and he is frequently identified with Nathanael (John 1).他的名字的意思是“Tolmai兒子,”他經常拿(約翰福音1)確定。 According to tradition, he was martyred in Armenia.根據傳統,他是烈屬,在亞美尼亞。 Feast day: Aug. 24 (Western); June 11 (Eastern).盛宴的日子:8月24日(西部); 6月11日(東區)。

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Saint Bartholomew聖巴塞洛繆

Advanced Information 先進的信息

Bartholomew was a son of Tolmai, and one of the twelve apostles (Matt. 10:3; Acts 1:13); generally supposed to have been the same as Nathanael.巴塞洛繆是的兒子的Tolmai,和十二個門徒之一(太10:3,使徒行傳1:13),一般應該是一樣拿。 In the synoptic gospels Philip and Bartholomew are always mentioned together, while Nathanael is never mentioned; in the fourth gospel, on the other hand, Philip and Nathanael are similarly mentioned together, but nothing is said of Bartholomew.經常提到的天氣福音腓力和巴多羅買在一起,而拿從未被提及;在第四福音,另一方面,腓力和拿同樣一起被提到,但沒有說巴塞洛繆。 He was one of the disciples to whom our Lord appeared at the Sea of Tiberias after his resurrection (John 21:2).他的弟子的人,我們的主出現在海上的太巴列後,他的復活(約翰福音21:2)。 He was also a witness of the Ascension (Acts 1:4, 12, 13).他也是一名證人的阿森松島(使徒行傳1:4,12,13)。 He was an "Israelite indeed" (John 1:47).他是一個“真以色列人”(約翰福音1:47)。

(Easton Illustrated Dictionary) (伊斯頓畫報字典)


Saint Bartholomew聖巴塞洛繆

Catholic Information 天主教信息

One of the Twelve Apostles, mentioned sixth in the three Gospel lists (Matthew 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:14), and seventh in the list of Acts (1:13).十二使徒之一,提到的三個福音列表(馬太福音10:3,馬可福音3:18,路加福音6:14),第六和第七列表中的行為(1:13)。

The name (Bartholomaios) means "son of Talmai" (or Tholmai) which was an ancient Hebrew name, borne, eg by the King of Gessur whose daughter was a wife of David (2 Samuel 3:3).的名稱(Bartholomaios)是指“兒子達買”(或Tholmai)的是一個古老的希伯來文的名字,承擔,例如由國王的Gessur,她的女兒是妻子的大衛(撒母耳記下3:3)。 It shows, at least, that Bartholomew was of Hebrew descent; it may have been his genuine proper name or simply added to distinguish him as the son of Talmai.這表明,至少,巴塞洛繆是希伯來文的血統,它可能是他真正的正確的名稱或簡單地添加到他的兒子達買區分開來。 Outside the instances referred to, no other mention of the name occurs in the New Testament.提到的情況外,沒有其他提及的名稱出現在“新約”。

Nothing further is known of him for certain.沒有進一步知道他是一定的。 Many scholars, however, identify him with Nathaniel (John 1:45-51; 21:2).然而,許多學者,確定他與納撒尼爾(約翰福音1:45-51; 21:2)。 The reasons for this are that Bartholomew is not the proper name of the Apostle; that the name never occurs in the Fourth Gospel, while Nathaniel is not mentioned in the synoptics; that Bartholomew's name is coupled with Philip's in the lists of Matthew and Luke, and found next to it in Mark, which agrees well with the fact shown by St. John that Philip was an old friend of Nathaniel's and brought him to Jesus; that the call of Nathaniel, mentioned with the call of several Apostles, seems to mark him for the apostolate, especially since the rather full and beautiful narrative leads one to expect some important development; that Nathaniel was of Galilee where Jesus found most, if not all, of the Twelve; finally, that on the occasion of the appearance of the risen Savior on the shore of the Sea of Tiberias, Nathaniel is found present, together with several Apostles who are named and two unnamed Disciples who were, almost certainly, likewise Apostles (the word "apostle" not occurring in the Fourth Gospel and "disciple" of Jesus ordinarily meaning Apostle) and so, presumably, was one of the Twelve.造成這種情況的原因是,巴塞洛繆是不是在適當的名稱的使徒;,這個名字永遠不會發生在第四福音,而納撒尼爾是沒有提到的天氣;,巴塞洛繆的名字被加上菲利普的在馬太和路加的名單,並在它旁邊,標記,聖約翰,菲利普是一個老的納撒尼爾的朋友,並帶他到耶穌的事實一致,納撒尼爾的號召,提到了幾個使徒的召喚,似乎標誌著特別是因為美麗的敘述相當充分,期望一些重要的發展,納撒尼爾加利利耶穌那裡發現大多數,如果不是全部,十二使徒,他終於之際的外觀復活的救主的提比哩亞海上了岸,納撒尼爾發現,連同幾個使徒的命名和未命名的弟子,幾乎可以肯定的是,同樣的使徒(這個詞不是發生在第四福音“使徒”和“弟子“耶穌通常意味著使徒),因此,據推測,是十二門徒之一。 This chain of circumstantial evidence is ingenious and pretty strong; the weak link is that, after all, Nathaniel may have been another personage in whom, for some reason, the author of the Fourth Gospel may have been particularly interested, as he was in Nicodemus, who is likewise not named in the synoptics.這一連串的旁證是巧妙的和相當強的薄弱環節,畢竟,納撒尼爾可能已經被其他人士在其中,第四福音的作者可能出於某種原因,已特別感興趣,因為他是在尼哥底母,同樣沒有命名的畫面。

No mention of St. Bartholomew occurs in ecclesiastical literature before Eusebius, who mentions that Pantaenus, the master of Origen, while evangelizing India, was told that the Apostle had preached there before him and had given to his converts the Gospel of St. Matthew written in Hebrew, which was still treasured by the Church.聖巴塞洛繆沒有提到教會文學在發生之前尤西比烏斯,Pantaenus的淵源,主,誰提到,而傳福音,印度,告訴使徒曾鼓吹在他面前,並給了他把福音的聖馬太寫在希伯來文,這是由教會珍惜。 "India" was a name covering a very wide area, including even Arabia Felix. “印度製造”的名稱,涵蓋領域非常廣,甚至包括阿拉伯菲利克斯。 Other traditions represent St. Bartholomew as preaching in Mesopotamia, Persia, Egypt, Armenia, Lycaonia, Phrygia, and on the shores of the Black Sea; one legend, it is interesting to note, identifies him with Nathaniel.代表聖巴塞洛繆其他傳統的說教,在美索不達米亞,波斯,埃及,亞美尼亞,呂高尼,弗呂家,和黑海海岸的一個傳說,有趣的是,他與納撒尼爾。

The manner of his death, said to have occurred at Albanopolis in Armenia, is equally uncertain; according to some, he was beheaded, according to others, flayed alive and crucified, head downward, by order of Astyages, for having converted his brother, Polymius, King of Armenia.他的死亡的方式,說已發生了Albanopolis在亞美尼亞,同樣是不確定的;一些,他被斬首,根據其他人,活活地剝了皮,釘在十字架上,頭向下,阿斯提阿格斯的順序,讓他的兄弟, Polymius,亞美尼亞國王。 On account of this latter legend, he is often represented in art (eg in Michelangelo's Last Judgment) as flayed and holding in his hand his own skin.在考慮後者的傳說,他通常是用藝術形式表現(例如米開朗基羅的“最後的審判”),如剝了皮,手裡拿著自己的皮膚。 His relics are thought by some to be preserved in the church of St. Bartholomew-in-the-Island, at Rome.他的遺物被認為是由一些被保存在聖巴塞洛繆在這方面的島,在羅馬的教會。 His feast is celebrated on 24 August.他的盛宴,是慶祝8月24日。 An apocryphal gospel of Bartholomew existed in the early ages.存在一個未經證實的福音巴塞洛繆在早期的年齡。

Publication information Written by John Francis Fenlon.出版書面約翰·弗朗西斯Fenlon的信息。 Transcribed by the Cloistered Dominican Nuns, Monastery of the Infant Jesus, Lufkin, Texas.轉錄與世隔絕多米尼加修女修道院的嬰兒耶穌,Lufkin,德克薩斯州。 Dedicated to Jesus the Redeemer The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume II.獻給耶穌的救贖天主教百科全書,第二卷。 Published 1907.發布時間1907年。 New York: Robert Appleton Company.紐約:羅伯特·阿普爾頓公司。 Nihil Obstat, 1907. Nihil Obstat,1907。 Remy Lafort, STD, Censor.人頭馬lafort,性病,檢查員。 Imprimatur.的認可。 +John M. Farley, Archbishop of New York +約翰M法利,大主教紐約

Bibliography參考書目

LE CAMUS, Vie de Notre Seigneur (tr. New York, 1906), I; IDEM in VIG., Dict. LE CAMUS,爭奪德聖母領主(編輯部紐約,1906年),我IDEM中VIG。,快譯通。 de la Bible, where references are given for the sources of the traditions, FOUARD, Life of Christ (New York, 1891).德拉聖經,引用為傳統,FOUARD,生活的基督(紐約,1891年)的來源。


St. Bartholomew the Apostle聖巴塞洛繆使徒

Orthodox Information 東正教信息

(This information may not be of the scholastic quality of the other articles in BELIEVE. Since few Orthodox scholarly articles have been translated into English, we have had to rely on Orthodox Wiki as a source. Since the Wikipedia collections do not indicate the author's name for articles, and essentially anyone is free to edit or alter any of their articles (again, without any indication of what was changed or who changed it), we have concerns. However, in order to include an Orthodox perspective in some of our subject presentations, we have found it necessary to do this. At least until actual scholarly Orthodox texts are translated from the Greek originals!) (此信息的學術質量的其他文章中認為,由於少數東正教學術文章已經被翻譯成英語,我們已經不得不依靠東正教維基作為源。以來的維基百科藏品也沒有表明作者的名字的文章,基本上任何人都可以自由地編輯或修改任何文章(再次,沒有任何跡象顯示被改變,或者改變它),我們有顧慮。然而,為了在我們的主題,包括一個正統的角度介紹,我們發現有必要做到這一點,至少要等到實際的學術東正教文本翻譯從希臘原件!)

The holy, glorious and all-laudable Apostle Bartholomew (also known as Nathaniel) was one of the Twelve Great Apostles.神聖的,光榮的,所有值得稱道的使徒巴塞洛繆(也被稱為納撒尼爾)的12個偉大的使徒之一。 He is referenced in the Synoptic Gospels and in the Acts of the Apostles.他對觀福音書和使徒行傳中引用的。 His feast days are celebrated on June 11 (with St. Barnabas) and August 25 (the translation of his relics).他的節日慶祝6月11日(聖巴拿巴)八月二十五日(他的遺物的翻譯)。 It is believed that he is the same person commemorated on April 22 with Apostles Luke and Clement as Nathaniel of the Seventy.據認為,他是同一個人,4月22日紀念納撒尼爾七十使徒盧克和克萊門特。

Life生活

After the Ascension of Christ, Bartholomew preached in Asia with the Apostle Philip, Philip's sister Mariamma, and Apostle John.基督升天後,巴塞洛繆在亞洲傳教,與使徒菲利浦菲利普的妹妹Mariamma,和使徒約翰。 He later preached in India and then Armenia where he was martyred.後來,他在印度傳教,然後亞美尼亞他以身殉國的地方。 Prior to India, he was crucified upside down in Hierapolis with the Apostle Philip for causing the death of a great serpent the people worshiped and healing people through prayer.到印度之前,他被釘在十字架上倒掛在希拉波利斯與使徒菲利普造成的死亡有很大的蛇崇拜的人,醫治禱告的人通過。 He was removed from the cross during a great earthquake because the people thought God was judging them; St. Philip had already reposed.他從十字架上的大地震中被刪除,因為人們認為上帝判斷他們,聖菲利浦已經寄託。

He then went to India, translated the Gospel of Matthew and cured the Armenian king's daughter of insanity; but the king's envious brother had him crucified, skinned him, and finally beheaded him.然後,他去了印度,馬太福音翻譯和治愈的亞美尼亞國王的女兒精神錯亂,但國王的羨慕弟弟,他釘在十字架上,他剝皮,終於斬殺他。

Christians buried his body but because of the miracles happening over his relics the pagans threw his coffin into the sea.基督徒埋葬了他的身體,而是因為在他的遺物中發生的奇蹟的異教徒把他的棺材入海。 The coffin ended up at the island of Lipara where Bishop Agathon—who met it via a revelation in a dream—buried it in a church.在的Lipara島主教阿加誰見了它通過一個啟示,在一個夢想 - 把它埋在教堂裡的棺材。 St. Bartholomew appeared to St. Joseph the Hymnographer and blessed him that he might be able to sing spiritual hymns, saying, "Let heavenly water of wisdom flow from your tongue!"聖巴塞洛繆聖若瑟Hymnographer出現,給他祝福,他可能是能唱的精神讚美詩,說:“讓天上的智慧流動的水從你的舌頭!” He also appeared to Emperor Anastasius (491-518) and told him that he would protect the new town of Dara.他也出現了皇帝阿納斯塔修斯(491-518),告訴他,他會保護新的達拉鎮。 Later his relics were translated to Rome where miracles continue to occur.後來他的遺物被翻譯成羅馬奇蹟發生的地方。

Hymns讚美詩

Troparion (Tone 3) Troparion(三聲)

Holy Apostles Bartholomew and Barnabas,聖使徒巴塞洛繆和巴拿巴,
entreat the merciful God懇求憐憫的神。
to grant our souls forgiveness of transgressions.給予我們的靈魂的寬恕越軌行為。

Kontakion (Tone 4)集禱頌(音4)

You have appeared to the universe as a great sun,你已經出現的宇宙作為一個偉大的太陽,
shining with the radiance of your teachings and awesome miracles.您的教誨,真棒奇蹟的光芒閃耀著。
You enlighten those who honor you, apostle of the Lord, Bartholomew.您開導那些尊敬你的人,使徒的主,巴塞洛繆。

Source

St. Nikolai Velimirovic, The Prologue of Ohrid聖尼古拉Velimirovic的序幕奧赫里德

External links外部鏈接

Apostle Bartholomew of the Twelve (OCA)十二使徒巴塞洛繆(OCA)
Return of the Relics of the Apostle Bartholomew from Anastasiopolis to Lipari (OCA)返回的文物的使徒巴塞洛繆從Anastasiopolis利帕里(OCA)
Bartholomew and Barnabas the Holy Apostles (GOARCH)巴塞洛繆和巴拿巴的聖使徒(GOARCH)
Return of the Body of Bartholomew the Glorious Apostle (GOARCH)返回的身體巴塞洛繆的光榮的使徒(GOARCH)
Martyrdom of the Holy and Glorious Apostle Bartholomew from Ante-Nicene從前廳尼西亞的神聖而光榮的使徒巴塞洛繆的殉難
Fathers in the Christian Classics Ethereal Library父親在基督教的經典抓包庫
Saint Bartholomew, the Apostle (Prologue of Ohrid)聖巴塞洛繆,使徒(奧赫里德序)


Saint Bartholomew, also known as Nathanael聖巴塞洛繆,也被稱為拿

Coptic Orthodox Information 科普特東正教會信息

The details of Bartholomew or Nathanael's call to discipleship are recorded in John 1:43-51.巴塞洛繆,或拿的號召門徒的細節被記錄在約翰福音1:43-51。 He was brought to Jesus by his friend Philip.他被帶到耶穌由他的朋友菲利普。

It is generally believed that Nathanael and Bartholomew are the same individual.人們普遍認為,拿但業和巴塞洛繆是同一個人。 The Synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark and Luke) do not mention a Nathanael as a disciples.對觀福音(馬太,馬可和路加)不提一個拿一個弟子。 John's gospel makes no mention of Bartholomew.約翰福音沒有提及巴塞洛繆。

Notice that Bartholomew's name is coupled with Philip's name in the listings of Matthew and Luke.請注意,巴塞洛繆的名字加上菲利普的名字在房產的馬修和盧克。 It is found next to Philip in the list of Mark.這是對菲利普的標記列表中的下一個。 This would seem to agree with the gospel of John, where the evangelist describes Philip as an old friend who brought Nathanael to Jesus.這似乎同意約翰的傳道者介紹了腓利所帶來的老朋友,誰拿但業對耶穌的福音。

Bartholomew means "son of Talmai (Tolmai)" which was ancient Hebrew name.巴塞洛繆是指兒子“達買(Tolmai)的”,這是古代希伯來文的名字。 It appears in 2 Samuel 3:3 where it is listed as the given name of the King of Geshur who was the father of a wife of David, Maacah.它出現在撒母耳記下三點03,在那裡它被列為基述王誰是父親,瑪迦大衛的妻子給定的名稱。 Just as we sometimes refer to close friends by their family name rather than their given name, so it appears that only John lists this disciple by his given name.正如我們有時也指親密的朋友,他們的家人的名字,而不是他們的名字,如此看來,只有約翰列出了這個徒弟他的名字。 The other three gospel writers apparently designated him by his family name, Bar-Tolmai.其他三個福音書的作者顯然指定他的家人的名字,酒吧,Tolmai。

Characteristics of This Disciple這個徒弟的特點

Nathanael means "gift of God."拿的意思是“上帝的禮物”。 John's account tells us that he was from Cana in Galilee, a small village about 5 miles northeast of Nazareth. John的帳戶告訴我們,他是在加利利的迦拿,約5英里的一個小村莊東北拿撒勒人。 He might well have been present when Jesus performed his first miracle in that town.他很可能已經存在,當耶穌在該城進行他的第一個奇蹟。 One obscure legend even suggests that he was the bridegroom at that wedding; another pictures him as the former boyfriend of the bride who didn't quite make it.一個模糊的傳說表明,他是新郎的婚禮,另一個圖片他的新娘的前男友,誰不很清楚。 Thankfully we can ignore such reports.幸運的是,我們可以忽略這樣的報告。 When Philip suggested that Jesus was the Messiah, Nathanael honestly expressed his doubts.當菲利普說耶穌是彌賽亞,拿誠實地表達了他的疑惑。 He failed to see how such a great one could come from a town such as Nazareth.他沒有看到這樣一個偉大的人可能來自如拿撒勒的一個小鎮。 Bartholomew reminds us of the many very nice people we meet who straightforwardly tell us that they don't believe in Jesus as their Savior.巴塞洛繆讓我們想起了​​許多非常好的人,我們遇見誰直截了當地告訴我們,他們不相信耶穌為他們的救主。 Maybe they had a bad experience with a church or a pastor or some church members.也許他們有一個壞的經驗,有一座教堂,牧師或一些教會成員。 Perhaps they are confused about religion in general.也許他們感到困惑一般的宗教。 Like Nathanael, they need to see Jesus.拿一樣,他們需要看到耶穌。 We won't be able to change their minds, but we can invite them to "come and see."我們將不能夠改變他們的想法,但我們可以邀請他們來看看。“

Other than his call to be a disciple Nathanael/Bartholomew is not mentioned frequently in the biblical record.除了他的電話拿/巴塞洛繆的弟子不經常提到的“聖經”記錄。 He is mentioned with the other apostles after the resurrection in the account recorded in John 21, in particular verse 2.他提到與其他使徒復活後,特別是第2節的帳戶記錄在約翰福音21。 His innocence and simplicity won high praise from the lips of the Savior when Philip brought him to Jesus.當菲利普把他帶到耶穌救主的嘴唇從他的天真和單純贏得了很高的讚譽。

Outside of Scripture, we hear little of this man. “聖經”之外,我們很少聽這名男子。 There is no mention of him in ecclesiastical literature before Eusebius, who records in his Church History that Pantaenus of Alexandria, the teacher of Origen, visited India in the second century and found there a Hebrew copy of the Gospel According to Matthew.尤西比烏斯,記錄在他的教會歷史Pantaenus的亞歷山德里亞,老師的淵源,訪問印度的第二個世紀,發現有一個希伯來文的福音副本據馬太福音之前沒有提到他在教會的文獻。 He was told that Bartholomew had been to India before him and had left this gospel.有人告訴他,繆一直到印度之前他已經離開了這個福音。 We should note that "India," at the time, meant everything from Arabia to the east.我們應該注意到,“印度”的時候,就是一切從阿拉伯半島東部的。 Other traditions suggest that Bartholomew preached in Mesopotamia, Persia, Egypt, Armenia, Phrygia and the shores of the Black Sea.其他傳統表明,巴塞洛繆在美索不達米亞,波斯,埃及,亞美尼亞,弗里吉亞和黑海沿岸講道。

Even church tradition cannot agree on his death.即使是教會的傳統可以不同意他的死亡。 He supposedly died in Albanopolis (Urbanopolis) in Armenia.他假想死了在Albanopolis(Urbanopolis)在亞美尼亞。 Some say he was beheaded and others insist that he was skinned alive and crucified head down at the command of King Astyages for having converted King Polymios.有人說他被斬首,其他人堅持說,他被剝了皮活著,釘在十字架上的頭,國王阿斯提阿格斯在命令轉換王Polymios的。

In Michaelangelo's "Last Judgment" he is pictured as flayed and holding in his hand his own skin.在米開朗基羅的“最後的審判”中,他被描繪成剝皮,手裡拿著自己的皮膚。 Due to this account of his death, the symbol for Bartholomew/Nathanael is a skinning knife or a series of them.由於此帳戶他的死亡,巴塞洛繆/拿的符號是一個剝皮刀或一個系列。 Sometimes the knives are pictured together with a "skin."有時刀合照有“皮”。

James F. Korthals詹姆斯·F. Korthals



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