Saint Jude

General Information

Jude, sometimes called Judas, or Jude Thaddaeus, is mentioned in Luke 6:16 and Acts 1:13 as one of the apostles of Jesus. He was traditionally believed to have been the author of the Epistle of Jude and is often identified with Thaddaeus, the apostle mentioned in Mark 3:18 and Matt. 10:3. Among Roman Catholics he is known as the patron saint of desperate cases. Feast day: June 19 (Eastern), Oct. 28 (Western; with Saint Simon).

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Jude = Judas

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Among the apostles there were two who bore this name,

He who is called "the brother of James" (Luke 6:16), may be the same with the Judas surnamed Lebbaeus. The only thing recorded regarding him is in John 14:22.

(Easton Illustrated Dictionary)


Apostle Jude

Orthodox Information

(This information may not be of the scholastic quality of the other articles in BELIEVE. Since few Orthodox scholarly articles have been translated into English, we have had to rely on Orthodox Wiki as a source. Since the Wikipedia collections do not indicate the author's name for articles, and essentially anyone is free to edit or alter any of their articles (again, without any indication of what was changed or who changed it), we have concerns. However, in order to include an Orthodox perspective in some of our subject presentations, we have found it necessary to do this. At least until actual scholarly Orthodox texts are translated from the Greek originals!)

The holy, glorious and all-laudable Apostle Jude was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ and his brother, along with St. James, by virtue of being the son of St. Joseph the Betrothed. He is also called Levi or Thaddeus and sometimes the name Jude is rendered as Judas, but he is not to be confused with Judas Iscariot, the Apostle Matthew (also called "Levi"), or the Apostle Thaddeus of the Seventy. He is referenced in the Synoptic Gospels, the Acts of the Apostles, and wrote an epistle which is part of the New Testament. His feast day is on June 19.

Life

Jude was the brother of St. James and son of St. Joseph, Betrothed to the Theotokos. Sometimes he is called Levi or Thaddeus (some English translations call him "Judas"). He protested along with Simon and Hosea when the elderly Joseph wanted to leave a portion of his estate to Jesus upon his death. He was often called 'brother of James' out of humility and shame for he did not believe in Christ at first, yet St. James did.

He was one of the Twelve Apostles (not to be confused with the Thaddeus of the Seventy Apostles) and after the Ascension he preached the Gospel in Judea, Samaria, Galilee, Idumea, Syria, Arabia, Mesopotamia, and Armenia. While preaching in the area around Ararat he was captured by pagans, crucified and killed by being shot with arrows.

Hymns

Troparion (Tone 1) [1]

Divinely we praise you, O Jude, as a faithful witness,
Knowing you to be the brother of Christ.
You trampled on delusion,
And so preserved the faith.
Today as we celebrate your holy memory,
By your intercessions we receive remission of sins.

Kontakion (Tone 2)

You were chosen as a disciple for your firmness of mind:
An unshakable pillar of the Church of Christ,
You proclaimed His word to the Gentiles,
Telling them to believe in one Godhead.
You were glorified by Him, receiving the grace of healing,
Healing the ills of all who came to you,
O most praised Apostle Jude!

Source

St. Nikolai Velimirovic, The Prologue of Ohrid

External links

Apostle Jude the Brother of the Lord, June 19 (OCA)
Apostle Jude, the Brother of James, June 30 (OCA)
Thaddeus (Jude) the Apostle & Brother of Our Lord (GOARCH)


Judas (Jude) Thaddaeus Lebbaeus

Coptic Orthodox Information

Although a number of the disciples are known by two 1 names, this is the only one who has three names given in the sacred record.

He is called "Judas the son of James" (Luke 6:16; Acts 1:13), but there is no indication as to whether this is one of the other James mentioned in Scripture.

To distinguish him from the other Judas, John carefully adds the remark “not Iscariot” (John 14:22). John wants it clearly understood that this Judas remained devoted to Christ. He must have been of a very different character than the other Judas, for his other names Thaddaeus and Lebbaeus mean something like "dear heart." Apparently both Matthew and Mark avoided the name Judas because of the betrayer who had the same name. Matthew uses Lebbaeus only as an interpretation of Thaddaeus.

In addition, some translators have rendered Judas as the form "Jude." Once again it seems that this is done to avoid any connection with Judas Iscariot.

Characteristics of This Disciple

There are very few references to Judas Thaddaeus in the New Testament beside those that list him as an apostle. In John 14:22 when the apostles were sharing the last Passover with Jesus, Judas Thaddaeus asked Jesus, "But, Lord, why do you intend to show yourself to us and not to the world?" Jesus said to Judas and the other disciples, "If anyone loves me, he will obey my teaching. My Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him." Jesus revealed himself and his mission only to the humble in heart. He wanted them to know that he and his Father would stay close to them and would guide and protect them. Jesus was comforting Judas Thaddaeus and the other apostles, because he knew that the next day he would no longer be with them physically, but would be put to death.

This Judas was a faithful servant of the Lord, for he is listed with the other faithful (Acts 1:13). The Lord blessed those who used his gifts wisely, for they were given to the apostles to establish the early Church throughout the earth. As an apostle loved and prayed for by his Master, Judas was faithful to his responsibilities.

Although some have suggested that Judas Thaddaeus is the writer of the Book of Jude, it seems more likely that the author of this short epistle was Jude "the brother of the Lord." Outside of Scripture, the history of the Church in Armenia claims that it was the Apostles Judas Thaddeus and Nathanael who preached to their country. Armenia eventually became the first country to claim Christianity as its national religion in 301 A.D. But even with this national claim of Christianity, the Armenian government was at first violently opposed to the preaching of Judas Thaddeus and Nathanael and was responsible for putting both to death.

See the attached “Acts of Thaddeus” in Appendix #2 for an account of his work in the Kingdom of Edessa.

The ship in Judas Thaddeus' symbol represents the many missionary journeys which church traditions suggest he took. Sometimes he is symbolized with a club. Legends say he was martyred when he was beaten with a heavy club.

James F. Korthals


Also, see:
Epistle of Jude

Apostles


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