Epistle

General Information

{ee-pis'-ul}

An epistle is a letter addressed to a specific person or persons but intended for a general audience. The most famous examples of ancient epistles are those in books of the New Testament. Modern examples, modeled on Greek and Roman epistles, are the poetic epistles of Alexander Pope and Voltaire.


Epistles

General Information

Epistles, the apostolic letters. The New Testament contains twenty-one in all. They are divided into two classes.

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  1. Paul's Epistles, fourteen in number, including Hebrews. These are not arranged in the New Testament in the order of time as to their composition, but rather according to the rank of the cities or places to which they were sent. Who arranged them after this manner is unknown. Paul's letters were, as a rule, dictated to an amanuensis, a fact which accounts for some of their peculiarities. He authenticated them, however, by adding a few words in his own hand at the close. (See Epistle to the Galatians) The epistles to Timothy and Titus are styled the Pastoral Epistles.

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  2. The Catholic or General Epistles, so called because they are not addressed to any particular church or city or individual, but to Christians in general, or to Christians in several countries. Of these, three are written by John, two by Peter, and one each by James and Jude.

It is an interesting and instructive fact that a large portion of the New Testament is taken up with epistles. The doctrines of Christianity are thus not set forth in any formal treatise, but mainly in a collection of letters. "Christianity was the first great missionary religion. It was the first to break the bonds of race and aim at embracing all mankind. But this necessarily involved a change in the mode in which it was presented. The prophet of the Old Testament, if he had anything to communicate, either appeared in person or sent messengers to speak for him by word of mouth. The narrow limits of Palestine made direct personal communication easy. But the case was different when the Christian Church came to consist of a number of scattered parts, stretching from Mesopotamia in the east to Rome or even Spain in the far west. It was only natural that the apostle by whom the greater number of these communities had been founded should seek to communicate with them by letter."

(Easton Illustrated Dictionary)


Catholic Epistles

General Information

The Catholic epistles are the epistles of James, Peter, John, and Jude; so called because they are addressed to Christians in general, and not to any church or person in particular.

(Easton Illustrated Dictionary)


Also, see:
Epistle to the Galatians
Epistle to Timothy

The individual articles presented here were generally first published in the early 1980s. This subject presentation was first placed on the Internet in May 1997.

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