Original Genesis Documents

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There are only a few actual original Targums of the earliest parts of the Bible which still exist. They are all in a language now referred to as Ancient Hebrew or Paleo-Hebrew. Here is Genesis 1 presented in (modern Hebrew) Aramaic characters of several of of those Targums. Somewhat below is an an example of the entirely different Ancient Hebrew characters for comparison.

MT (Masoretic Text) Gen 1:1

בְּרֵאשִׁית בָּרָא אֱלֹהִים אֵת הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֵת הָאָרֶץ


(Targum Onkelos) Onqelos: Gen 1:1
בֲקַדמִין בְרָא יוי יָת שְׁמַיָא וְיָת אַרעָא׃


Targum Pseudo-Jonathan (Palestinian Targum): Gen 1:1
מן אוולא ברא אלקים ית שמייא וית ארעא


Targum Neofiti (Palestinian Targum): Gen 1:1
מלקדמין \בחכמה ברא דייי ׳בחוכמתא ברא ייי״2״׳ שכלל׳ושכלל״2״׳ ית שמיא וית ארעא׃


FT (Fragmentary Targum P) (Palestinian Targum) Gen 1:1
בחכמה׳מן לקדמין׳ ברא וייי ושכליל ית שמיא וית ארעא


FT (Fragmentary Targum V) (Palestinian Targum) Gen 1:1
בחכמה ברא ה' ית שמיא וית ארעא


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Assorted Presentations of Genesis 1:1 (Masoretic Text)

Modern Hebrew
1:1
בראשית ברא אלהים
את השמים ואת
הארץ׃



Paleo-Hebrew ( The language which was used before 585 B.C.) (also called Ancient Hebrew) (THIS is the language in which the Original Bible had been written down. It has no resemblance to modern Hebrew, and understanding of modern Hebrew is of no value in understanding this Ancient Hebrew.)
1:1  
   
   
   
.





Ancient Hebrew Transliterated
1:1 BUr'aShYTh BUr'a 'aLHYM 'aTh HShMYM V'aTh H'aUrTSh.



Latin Vulgate
1:1 in principio creavit Deus caelum et terram



King James Version
1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.



American Standard Version
1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.



Bible in Basic English
1:1 At the first God made the heaven and the earth.



Darby's English Translation
1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.



Douay Rheims Bible
1:1 In the beginning God created heaven, and earth.



Noah Webster Bible
1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.



World English Bible
1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.



Young's Literal Translation
1:1 In the beginning of God`s preparing the heavens and the earth --



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