Chimney Re-Lining MaterialsMany older masonry (brick) chimneys do not have the clay tile lining necessary for safety when burning wood. There are basically three ways you might be able to go. If the chimney is in really bad shape, you may have to tear it down and replace it with (1) a new tile-lined masonry chimney, or (2) a metal pre-fab chimney. Both of these choices are pretty expensive projects.
If the chimney is structurally sound, you may be able to (3) re-line it. There are several ways that this process is done. Various contractors each have a favorite way that they generally use.
We also have a favorite method, and we think it has advantages over the alternative methods. It is fairly easy to do and reasonably economical, and it produces a very safe chimney, and even makes it stronger than it was to start with. Most "handy" people could probably do it themselves, but they should have an expert check their finished work.
Here's the method we recommend:
Our preferred method continues with making a temporary "plug" at the bottom of the chimney at the damper location, around the new liner. This temporary plug could be plywood or metal, because it would soon be removed after the THERMIX concrete sets. Next, a special material called THERMIX is mixed with water (it comes in a bag as at right) and poured down outside the liner. This TherMix is a combination of vermiculite (non-combustible) insulation and a concrete mix.
The stainless steel inner liner eliminates deterioration. The TherMix vermiculite insulation keeps chimney heat from escaping through the sidewalls of the chimney to any nearby wood structures, making the chimney safer. The TherMix concrete make the chimney physically stronger than before. The insulation even helps the chimney stay warm better so the draft is more consistent! The fireplace is likely to even burn better than before!
For your information, some re-lining contractors use only the TherMix to re-line the chimney. They use a heavy-duty hot-dog-shaped balloon to maintain the final chimney opening. After the TherMix sets, the balloon is deflated and removed.
We just think that combining both methods is not much more expensive, and it has so many long term benefits, that it is worth doing both. The TherMix material for a normal sized chimney is a few hundred dollars. A stainless steel liner is also a few hundred. Compared to the cost of an entirely new chimney ($$$$$$$), re-lining is an attractive alternative. We believe you should consider the extra few hundred dollars to do both versions, for added safety of the house and better burning characteristics of the fireplace. Considering that the fireplace originally cost several thousand dollars, springing for a few hundred more here seems like a reasonable investment.