Yes, tiny bits and pieces of our human DNA have been identified.
We have a pretty good idea which single letter needs to change to
cause blue eyes rather than brown. But that is a truly tiny fraction
of all our DNA, more than 99% of which we STILL do not know what it
does, even after aggressive study for twenty years!
- Virtually everyone seems to have a serious error in their thinking
regarding Genetically Modified Foods. They seem to think that if food
is grown Organically, that it is not GM! That is simply not true!
In fact, virtually ALL the Organic food which is now available from
stores, markets and even individual farmers (in the U.S.) IS ALSO Genetically
Modified! Whether a vegetable or animal is grown with pesticides
and herbicides and fertilizers and Growth Hormones; or without those
chemicals and grown 'Organically' whether the SEEDS had had their
DNA chromosomes industrially modified identifies whether it is also
Genetically Modified means that the DNA in the cells
of that plant or animal or fruit or vegetable has been intentionally
altered from what Nature had created over millions of years.
Industrial GMO generally means that part of a chromosome of an animal or
plant has been chopped out and it was replaced by part of a chromosome
of a DIFFERENT animal or plant.
The central problem is how incredibly tiny DNA molecules are! YOU are
made of BILLIONS of cells, EACH of which contains an entire set of all
of your DNA IN EVERY CELL. Everything is SO tiny that no one yet even knows
HOW MANY DNA base pair molecules in a human! It is generally now assumed
that every cell in your body contains around 3 billion DNA base pairs.
Some of your individual chromosomes (out of 46 that you have in every
one of your cells) is thought to contain about 250 million DNA base
pairs of molecules.
Individual genes are thought to contain from 100 to 1 million DNA base
Do you realize how SMALL each of your cells are? And they each contain
all of the molecules mentioned above!
This is true of the DNA in tomato cells (or seeds) or corn or any other
plant or animal. THIS IS THE PROBLEM.!
SEEDS or EMBRYOS have been Genetically Modified, then the plant or
animal or person COULD BE fed with fruits and vegetables and meats which
were enhanced by using herbicides, pesticides, growth hormones, and
many other chemicals (which increases production and therefore profits
for the farmers) OR they COULD BE fed 'Organically' with fruits and
vegetables and meats which had not been chemically 'enhanced'. So there are
TWO VERY DIFFERENT ISSUES HERE! The seeds or embryos could be naturally
created by mother and father creatures or the equivalent in plants OR
they could be created in a laboratory as Genetic Modifications which
have never existed in Nature before. AND THEN, the nutrition that is
provided to get the plant or animal to grow could be from (Organic) natural
plants and animals OR they could be produced in larger quantities, faster,
by using a large number of different chemicals in their feed materials.
- The public has been totally misled by Monsanto regarding
two central facts of Genetic Modification of food and other products.
The implications are incredibly scary! One is that anyone actualy KNOWS
what every one of the genes does in ANY plant or animal (including us humans!)
The other is actually even scarier in the implication that anyone could
extract or replace a single gene to try to accomplish some desired
goal. Neither is remotely true, but in another hundred years, maybe!
- If chromosomes were large like loaves of bread, yes, it might then
be possible to remove and replace one slice of bread. But actual
chromosomes are astoundingly small. YOUR human body contains around
10,000,000,000,000 cells, each of which are very tiny, and most of
which each contain an even smaller nucleus which
contains our full set of 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 altogether), which
contains the entire DNA of our approximate 24,000 genes or billions of
nucleotide bases. Approximate??? That is because because we still
do not know exactly HOW MANY genes even humans have. Different researchers
have said that we have 26,000 while others say we have 19,000 genes.
It may be fifty years or more before science
knows what most of them are for! And this is for HUMANS, where we
have the greatest possible motivation to learn every detail!
So far we have crudely identified around 5% of our genes and we have
a pretty complete idea of what maybe 100 of our 23,000 genes actually
are for, like causing blue or brown eyes or causing certain medical
conditions. We are still totally in the dark regarding what most
of our genes are actually for! Worse, we can't even guess regarding
what any long-term consequences are of any of them!
- So now imagine how complete the knowledge is regarding the
genes of any of hundreds of varieties of corn plants or potato or tomato
plants, where the only people examining them work for Monsanto,
and their entire purpose is to create new plants or animals which
can make billions of dollars for Monsanto. The point being made
here is that, yes, a FEW genes have been confirmed, like a few which
seem to be connected to the red color of tomatoes or insect
resistance in some potatoes. But the concern being pointed
out here is that there are many thousands of genes in those potato
and tomato and corn plants which clearly exist for some purpose,
but we do not yet have the slightest idea what those purposes are!
What if there happens to be a really important gene which happens to
keep us all from getting the Black Death or Dengue Fever? What if such
a gene was accidentally removed from being in the foods we eat, just
because it happened to be near a gene that some experimenter decided
to slice out?
- This gets us to that second and more scary fact. It is NOT possible
to cut a single gene out of a chromosome, at least not a SPECIFIC
gene. They are just too tiny to reliably do that! Individual genes
are too small to even be seen in optical microscopes, and so getting
a knife out and precisely slicing a chromosome on both sides of a
specific gene is a process that researchers dream about someday
maybe being able to do!
- The REALITY of what is actually done is that an experimenter
TRIES to cut a chromosome apart AS CLOSE AS POSSIBLE to where a
known gene probably is. The two side pieces are kept and the middle
part is discarded (HOWEVER MANY ACTUAL GENES OR DNA PAIRS IT MIGHT ACTUALLY CONTAIN).
Then, ANOTHER snippet of DNA from a butterfly or a bacteria or a
mouse or a gorilla is tossed into that test tube, and some experimental
things are done to try to encourage the three pieces to merge together
into a new chromosome. Nature has done much of the work here, in that
the original chromosome ends generally cannot connect to anything, so IF
pieces are going to merge together, there really are just three
practical possibilities: the two original portions might merge together
(without a middle section at all); or the imported middle section
might join in, either in the correct order; or in a reversed order.
- Note that this experiment is extremely random in many ways! The
actual LENGTH of the resulting chromosome is completely unknown,
as that depends on exactly WHERE the four cuts had been made. Each of the
two end sections might be longer or shorter than was intended,
and the two cuts which extracted the middle part from the butterfly
DNA might have been to the left or right of where the desired
gene is thought to be.
- Worst of all, where nearly all of science is done in public
view where scientists publish results and only get credibility when
other scientists are able to duplicate their claims, the method
Monsanto follows is absolutely secret in every detail, where no one
ever has any way of knowing of catastrophic failures that Monsanto
experiments had done, and even the specific experimenter does not
know the specifics of exactly which genes had gotten replaced.
And so when Vice President Dan Quayle announced with a big smile
in 1991 that genetically modified food was being developed, considering
the amazing lack of knowledge that even Monsanto had about what they
were creating, it was truly shocking when Quayle was asked whether
the GMO foods would be labeled so that a customer could make an
informed decision, and Quayle said with that big smile, NO, there
would never be any labeling of GMO foods "because no one would
buy them if they knew!" NO KIDDING!
- Because of that attitude of Quayle and the government,
we 300,000,000 Americans have been Guinea Pigs upon which
Monsanto is free to experiment!
- The vast majority of every tomato YOU have eaten during the
last twenty years (in the United States) has been Genetically Modified
by Monsanto. The amazing thing is that there has never been the
slightest oversight from any safety inspector, because Monsanto
insists on absolute secrecy in order to preserve their
Proprietary Rights to collect their billions of dollars of profits,
without taking any chance of letting any competitor learn how to do
- Of course, Monsanto actually CANNOT provide precise details,
as even they do not know precisely what occurred to create a specific
plant or animal GMO product. An experimenter creates tens of thousands
of DIFFERENT attempts at making the desired cuts, virtually all of
which fail because the plants or animals are not viable and so far
more than 99% of the experiments totally fail. But sooner or later,
the cuts were made in places where something could grow, and the
experimenter then waits the weeks to see what develops. Most of
those results also fail or they result in fruits or vegetables which
are worse than the original natural plants. But like the old
joke that a billion monkeys pounding on typewriters would eventually
result in some literary masterpiece, Monsanto's experimenters are in
- The troubling part is that seemingly successful experiments are
so extremely rare that the experimenter knows that he will become
extremely rich if HIS experiment creates a tomato which can be dropped
without bruising or some similar result. There is extreme motivation
for both the experimenter and for Monsanto to not look too carefully
about any undesirable side effects.
- In 1996, Monsanto started aggressively promoting a new GMO
Russet potato which was disease resistant, which they called New
Leaf. They got McDonalds and many other giant corporations to
start using New Leaf Russet potatoes, and over the next two to
three years, many millions of us ate French Fries at McDonalds
which were genetically modified. The public was never told
that there was any genetically modified food that we were eating!
- But by around 1999, McDonalds was getting enough inquiries from
customers who were ASKING whether they were eating GMO foods that
McDonalds realized that they might have a real public relations
crisis ahead, so McDonalds told Monsanto that they would stop
using the GMO New Leaf Russet potatoes, and other major chains
also ended their contracts. The public was never actually
TOLD that they had been eating Genetically Modified foods, but at least
one GMO product stopped being sold (as far as anyone knows!)
However, Monsanto is certainly not suffering, as they now produce
something like 98% of all the cotton plants as GMO plants, and
GMO soybeans and GMO corn are nearly as broadly present over all the United
- It shows an impressive fact where High School Science Fair
students now can do GMO cutting and recombinant splicing genetical experiments,
showing that the Monsanto experimenters are not very different
from those High School science students. If those students
dedicated a year or two of repeating many thousands of experiments,
that monkees and typewriters situation would likely result in
impressive GMO tomatoes or potatoes or sweet corn. Would YOU
buy such fruits or vegetables which a High School science
student had created? No, you wouldn't, because that student would
be OPEN AND HONEST about having created an impressive new plant.
Monsanto keeping that absolute secrecy eliminates the American
public ever from knowing what Monsanto had (and has) foisted on them,
all because the US Government colluded with Monsanto to never
let the public know what scary experiments were being done on them.
- Monsanto apparently had become worried (2012) that one or more of their
random experiments will kill or maim a few thousand Americans
due to some unexpected gene affecting unsuspecting Americans.
Astoundingly, Monsanto managed to get the Monsanto Rider attached
to a major bill which Congress will certainly have to pass.
The result is to give Monsanto total liability freedom regarding
any possible bad future effects of any genetically modification
experiments! It is apparently not enough that Monsanto receives
many billions of dollars of profits for its Executives and
Stockholders, but now they want to make sure that if and when they
happen to kill or maim Americans (Guinea Pigs) in the future, their Lawyers
will be able to avoid having to make any payments to any of the victims!
That says something about how modern society has progressed!
- Around September 2012, some French Researchers
who had fed 200 mice one of Monsanto's most popular GMO corn, have
reported their findings after a two-year experiment. They have found that
around 80% of the test mice died well before they should have died,
and more than half of them had very large cancerous tumors in them,
along with many failed organs. If this Research gets repeated by other
Researchers with similar findings, the implications regarding having
used the 300,000,000 Americans as (unknowing) Guinea Pigs for the past
twenty years, will likely scare the daylights out of everyone!
But Monsanto has hundreds of the most expensive Lawyers who live,
and there is no way that they will admit to anything, for decades to
come. After all, by around 1960, many Researchers had proved
conclusively that cigarette smoking causes cancer, where 300,000 Americans
die each year as a result, but the Lawyers of the Tobacco Companies
managed to avoid ever admitting to ANYTHING until into the 1990s,
so they got an additional 30 years of billions of profits from selling
cigarettes. So just because we are likely to LEARN that Genetically
Modified foods from Monsanto cause tumors and deaths, Monsanto will
certainly keep the profits going for several decades. All because
there has NEVER been any 'regulationary oversight' regarding ANY
Genetically Modified product! Amazing!
- During the 1980s and 1990s, modern science discovered a new toy,
the ability to disassemble and reassemble parts of chromosomes, DNA.
- This capability has been wildly pursued with virtually no
traditional scientific cautions. It truly is unbelievable that our
society would do that, as the potential hazards are so numerous and
so potentially disastrous.
- We need to realize that we humans have approximately THREE BILLION
letters in our DNA sequence IN EVERY CELL OF OUR BODIES. The details are
incredibly tiny! Most cells of your body are too small to even see
without a great microscope. Then each of those tiny cells contains an
even smaller nucleus, and INSIDE that nucleus is a collection of those
three billion nucleotides, in a very specific order. Three billion is an
amazing number. Say that you knew your complete DNA code and you decided to
print it out on standard typewriter paper, with 60 letters on each line
and 50 lines per standard 8.5x11 sheets of paper. That is 3,000 letters
per sheet, so you would need a MILLION such sheets to print out YOUR
entire DNA sequence! About 5,000 sheets is a foot thick of paper,
so this would mean you would need a stack of typewriter paper
around 200 feet tall, just to print out YOUR DNA sequence! An entire
bathroom chock full of sheets of paper to display YOUR complete DNA!
any wonder that after around 20 years of the HGP (Human Genome Project)
less than two dozen people in the world have yet had their COMPLETE
DNA sequence determined? (Those files are all in computer memory, where
three billion bytes of data would only take up around five CD-ROM disks.)
HERE is where the great concern is regarding Genetically Modified foods
and the rest. Imagine some wealthy parent who will insist on his coming
child having blue eyes. And some laboratory will be willing to take his
$300,000 to try to do it. What if WE DON'T KNOW YET that 29 letters down
your DNA is the nucleotide which determines whether that baby will get
Downes Syndrome or Leprosy or a thousand other maladies. And the researcher
who found the section of DNA that contained the BLUE nucleotide did
not realize that the chunk of DNA that he was able to separate away
happened to include that Leprosy nucleotide. So the baby is born, and it
HAS blue eyes, but a few years later it will die of Leprosy! NOT from
any intentional action, but just the ignorance of not having any idea
what MOST of the letters of our DNA actually are for.