For example, we STILL have no good idea of how much carbon dioxide is ALREADY in the oceans. Yes, near the surface, in very shallow waters, we know local amounts. But only the most minimal research has yet been done regarding what the conditions are for very deep ocean waters, and even those researches have only been begun in the past handful of years! So we really have no idea HOW MUCH ADDITIONAL CARBON DIOXIDE we might be able to cause the oceans to absorb!
In fact, we probably should assume that the oceans had achieved a chemical balance with the atmosphere over recent millions of years, meaning that we might GUESS at ocean levels based on that un-documented assumption, which is about the ONLY information we currently even have to try to work with!
We also have very little idea of what levels of carbonic acid would kill off the various plants and animals and fishes now living in the oceans. This is more BASIC RESEARCH which needs to be done immediately.
But SHOULD WE find that the oceans might have the capability of ABSORBING AN ADDITIONAL 1,000,000,000,000 tons of carbon dioxide, and IF we might figure out some way to actually get that trillion tons of carbon dioxide to be transferred from the atmosphere down into the oceans, that might have wonderful effects regarding the atmosphere! The Earth's atmosphere might then revert to a Pre-Industrial Revolution level of around 310 ppmv of carbon dioxide concentration, and then Global Warming WOULD immediately stop and we would settle back to the environmental temperatures of two centuries ago, and nearly immediately.
However, virtually NO research has been done regarding whether or not we have the technology to do that!
Yes, we certainly know how to inject SMALL AMOUNTS of carbon dioxide into soda pop, to create what we call carbonated beverages. Fine. But we have no clue (yet) on how to try to do this on a giant scale, such as would be needed for this issue.
A mere handful of experiments have been tried regarding "bubbling" carbon dioxide down into ocean water. Those experiments have all been dismal failures! It has been found that a LITTLE of the carbon dioxide gets absorbed, but then each bubble develops a "rind" around it (vaguely like the rind on a lemon or orange) which entirely stops all further absorption. The bubbles then rise through the water and get released back into the atmosphere after they break the surface.
Such attempted experiments have all only been during the past decade, but the fact that they have all been such dismal failures seems to have stopped further experiments from being done!
I am personally pretty sure that they all failed because they have released LARGE bubbles of carbon dioxide. I am convinced that IF they repeat such experiments and instead only release TINY bubbles (say smaller than one-eighth inch diameter) I suspect that no rind will form and nearly all the carbon dioxide will be absorbed by the seawater.
There is still the matter of the massive piping that would be required to send carbon dioxide down into the deep ocean, and the immense pressure that compressors would need to generate to do that (because the water at even one mile deep is already at around 160 atmospheres or around 2,000 PSI natural pressure).
Extracting TINY AMOUNTS of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere is now pretty easy, with suitable compressors and immense amounts of electrical power to drive them, but no one yet knows how to extract LARGE amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
Whether CAPTURING all the gases leaving an industrial chimney or a powerplant chimney, and cooling and compressing it down to liquefy the carbon dioxide into liquid, this MIGHT be possible, but the likely SCALE of such efforts might be unrealistically small. After all, a tanker truck can only carry around TEN TONS of liquid carbon dioxide, which would mean that THREE BILLION TRUCKLOADS would be required EVERY YEAR, just to deal with the ADDITIONAL AMOUNTS that we are now sending into the atmosphere. To actually deal with the problem of Global Warming, at least 30 times that many truckloads, or around 90 BILLION FULL TRUCKLOADS would have to be processed and transported every year. That is around 250 MILLION FULL TRUCKLOADS EVERY DAY! (there are only a few thousand such high pressure tanker trucks which now exist!)
But, again, if humanity find itself in such a desperate situation regarding trying to fend off the total extermination of mankind, they may then find some way to accomplish the needed goals. Still, by forcing the oceans to add a trillion tons of carbon dioxide would certainly greatly increase the concentration of carbonic acid in all ocean waters. Assuming we someday learn what level of carbonic acid that seaweed and algae and fishes could survive, it might actually be possible.
It does NOT seem very credible to try to do, especially since humanity trying to save itself might cause all oceans to become totally DEAD, so this is NOT an idea which I recommend. But if and when people realize what desperate circumstances they find themselves, entirely due to the astounding burning of all fossil fuels which they could find inside the Earth, they might some day try this concept.
This presentation was first placed on the Internet in June 2008.
This page - -
- - is at
Energy-Related presentations in this Domain:Self-Sufficiency - Many Suggestions A thorough presentation
Global Warming - The Physics of the Process. (June 2004, June 2008)
Global Warming and Climate Change - The Physics (June 2004, Feb. 2007)
Alternative GREEN Water Heater - Non-Fossil-Fueled HeatGreen - A Simple Water Heater, HG3a (biodecomposition) (March 2007)
Alternative GREEN Furnace with no Fire - Non-Fossil-Fueled HeatGreen - A Simple, Home Heating Furnace, HG3a (biodecomposition) (March 2007)
Solar Heating - Low-Tech Active System Low-tech, low cost approach (April 2007)
Heat and Cool a House Naturally, without a Furnace or Air Conditioner (1977, Nov. 2000)
Energy Supplies of the World - Petroleum, Coal, Gas, Uranium. Oil, Natural Gas, Uranium supplies and consumption (May 2010 Report)
Asphalt Pavement - Black Surfaces and Sunlight Environmental Effects of Asphalt Pavements, Roofs, and Parking Lots (August 2007)
Earth Spinning Energy - Perfect Energy Source From the Earth's Spinning (1990, Nov. 2002)
Earth's Spinning - Perfect Energy Source (1990, Dec. 2009)
Tornadoes - The Physics of How They Operate. Tornadoes, including How they Form. A potential energy source (Feb. 2000, May 2009)
Electricity - Unlimited Source of Solar by an Artificial Tornado. Tornadoes, including How they Form. A potential energy source (Feb. 2000, May 2009)
Survival Ark - 60-Acre Hexagonal Artificial Island, Floating Communities for Survival For Sealevel Rising (July 2008)
Electric Power Plants - Climate Effects
Global Warming Effects of Carbon Dioxide
Hydrogen as a Fuel for Vehicles. (August 2003)
Solar Heated House NorthWarm Totally 100% Solar Heated House - Version 1 (1979)
Solar Cells Photovoltaic Cells, PV, Electricity from Sunlight (Jan 2002)
200 mph, Safe, Self-Driving Cars, Trucks, Economical 200 mile per hour TRANS Super-Efficient Transportation System (invented in 1989)
Electric Cars, Hybrid Cars, the Physics Battery-Powered, Hybrid Cars and Hydrogen-Powered Vehicles (April 2006)
Wind Power, Wind Energy, Practical Windmills Practical Wind-Generated Electricity (Residential, some Watts) (1975 and April 1998)
Tower Windmills and Electricity, Modest Efficiency Practical Large-Scale Wind-Generated Electricity, 1200 KiloWatts (Community, a thousand homes) (a million construction jobs and 12,000 MegaWatts of electricity Nationally) (June 2007)
Earth Energy Flow Rates due to Precessional Effects (63,000 MegaWatts of Energy) (Sept 2006)
Power Plant Wastes - Productive Usage of Nuclear Waste. Productive Disposal of Nuclear Power Plant Wastes (1980s, Sept 2005)
Conserving Energy - Methods and Processes
Energy Storage - Methods - Efficiencies Various Methods
Solar Energy - How Much Energy Comes From the Sun
Sun and Stars - How the Sun Works - Nuclear Fusion. Creating Light and Heat
Energy Inventions - Many Forms of Energy Supplies. Related to Energy Crises
Solar Energy - Generating Electricity From solar, wind or other sources nearly 24 Hours a Day (2001, tested 2003)
Solar Energy - Generating Electricity, Improved A Unique Method of Using Solar Energy to Generate Electricity (late 2010)
Alaska Pipeline - Alyeska - Physics. Pipeline Local Climate Effects (August 2005)
Home Air Conditioning Natural, GREEN and FREE! (1978, December 2000)
Hybrid Vehicle - An Improvement. An Entirely Different Approach to a Hybrid Vehicle (1992, May 2008)
Woodburning Furnace - JUCA Fireplace, Woodstove - JUCA Super-Fireplaces (designed 1972, manufactured 1973 on, still not matched)
Burning Wood for Heating - The Physics. Wood as a Heating Fuel (published 1978)
North Pole is Heating Very Fast. Faster than anywhere else on Earth.
Global Warming and Climate - Possible Solutions
Aerodynamic Lift - How Airplanes Fly. Bernoulli Effect, Reaction Lift (April 2003)
Efficient Airfoil Flight - Active Surface - TURCAN. Greatly Reducing Turbulence and Drag for Aircraft and Airfoils, TURCAN (summer 1998)
Construction School for GREEN Technologies. My Concept of a GREEN Campus (1990, Dec 2008)
Conservation of Angular Momentum - An Exception or Violation. A Violation of the Conservation of Angular Momentum (Sept 2006)
Hurricanes, the Physics and Analysis A Credible Approach to Hurricane Reduction (Feb 2001)
Automotive Engine - A More Efficient Approach. Significant Improvement (2001)
Global Warming - The Politics and Business Why No Leaders Seem to See Urgency in Global Warming
Energy from the Moon - A Version of Tidal Energy Collection. (Artificial Tides) (1998, 2010)
Energy from the Moon - Version of Tidal Energy Collection 2. (Energy Harvesting) (1975, 2010)
Electricity from Solar, Wind, Water, More. Make All Your Own GREEN Electricity (2001, 2003, 2010)
Woodstove Energy Production and Efficiency, from a Radiant Woodstove (published 1979)
Firewood Ratings. Firewood Info Chart.
Link to the Public Services Home Page
Link to the Science Projects Index - Public Service
E-mail to: Public4@mb-soft.com
C Johnson, Theoretical Physicist, Physics Degree from Univ of Chicago