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Say that you think of George Washington. You start typing in either Geor... or Wash... The instant that you get the first four letters spelled right, a timer in your computer records the time and gives you "partial credit" (1/2, in this case), which is divided by that time in the computer to create a partial score for you. But you are not done! Once you correctly spell the rest of the name, you now get full credit, divided by the total time. The computer adds up your two part scores, say 50/1.3 seconds for the first four letters and then 100/2.9 seconds for the whole name. Your computer would have your total score of 38.46 + 34.48 or 72.94. The teacher's computer shows her the totals for every student, with the one highlighted that got the highest score, so that student could get the praise for that question!
NONE of the students' computers would ever beep regarding completing the task, so none of the students would actually know whether they were the fastest or not! Or whether some other kid was faster!
The next question is to name a State named for a woman! Some people might get a Maryland right away, or a Virginia, but some may have to think for quite a while. No one (except the teacher) will see the results of a really bad answer. Some people may go beyond a 20 second cutoff, and not get an answer in.
Next question (verbally) the teacher says spell "condition".
Next question "what is four times five?"
Next question "Name any country in Europe"
This sort of approach would get kids INVOLVED, and INTERESTED, and COMPETITIVE. For older students, say that the Teacher tells the class that tomorrow we will have questions about State Capitols, about countries in South America, about spelling words starting with W, and with science stuff about cats. Do you think that a LOT of those kids would ACTUALLY STUDY their homework? You bet they would. MANY would, not just one or two.
These kids would WANT to come to school, and after school, they would definitely brag to each other about how many "wins" they each had that day.
And when some OTHER kid wins with the answer of France as a country in Europe, don't you think that a lot of the other kids will be paying attention and remembering, because they have figured out that Teacher seems to repeat the same questions after a few weeks?
You may be thinking that there are kids who wouldn't even have interest in something like this. You might be wrong! Because of the PRIZES! The Teacher would keep a chart somewhere where all kids could see it, either in their computers or on a bulletin board, which would show vertical bar graphs. And across the top of that chart would be some lines, the very top one being "an hour out of class" or "two-hour hall pass" or many others. Lower (easier) lines could also be on that chart, like "getting a milk while in the classroom" (as a status symbol) etc.
If the Teacher arranges the right Prizes, nearly all students should have some interest in trying. As long as the Teacher stays aware of students who do not win very often, and does something to improve that, a bunch of happy, enthusiastic, learning kids should result.
In ANY school, in any neighborhood, and probably at any grade level. The only students that it might not be appropriate for would be students that might try to destroy the computers, behavior problems.
I trust that it is obvious that this is quite simple (the technology to do this has existed since the early 1980s) and quite inexpensive. If no computers now exist, there are very simple and inexpensive existing equipment that could do these things.
A page of a child's book would have the usual simple structure, such as "Jack and Jill ran up the hill on a sunny day." I had proposed (somehow) having "multiple pages" Velcroed together, maybe six separate sheets of paper. Only the first one was normally visible. BUT if a kid had curiosity about some aspect of the information on the visible page, it would have been possible to peel the pages apart to read the SECOND of the pages, which might mention how hot the surface of the Sun is, or how steep a hill they might be able to RUN up. Each following page which could be peeled off would have more and more advanced "background information" on the initial page!
Once computers came along in the 1980s, and then the sophisticated ways they have advanced today, this would all be extremely easy to do now! In fact, such things are often already done! In many web-pages, you can put the mouse over some difficult word, and a thought-bubble appears which contains a definition for that word. There could also easily be links provided in every page to other pages which had useful "background information" regarding anything on that page!
For a First Grade lesson, a screen could show the words of the first five lines of some familiar Nursery rhyme or other story. EVERY word would actually be a link, to an audio file which pronounced that word. Each word would also have a SECOND link (by just holding the mouse over it on the screen), a thought-bubble would appear with a definition of that word and with some synonyms for it.
You can change the way the words are shown:
with, it has with fur, wool fleece compare, comparing as white white compare, comparing as pieces of frozen water snow,
Notice that for small children, they could select an appearance for the text which they were most familiar with. For example, the Comic Sans font shows the small letter a in a manner that very young students often first learn, where they might not as easily understand the appearance of the letter a that we adults are most used to.
You can see that each student would also be able to do these same practice lessons AT HOME on their own computer, or at the Public Library where a computer is always available to them. Their proficiency in reading and understanding would progress very rapidly. Better still, each child would be able to advance at his or her own rate, and there would be no social stigma for not being able to read as fast as other kids in a class.
This concept includes an obvious next step as well. The story (which must be interesting to keep the attention of the kids), might include "Jack bent down to pet his pet _________, Spot. The child would be required to put the mouse over that space and TYPE IN THE CORRECT SPELLING OF THE WORD DOG. The screen would include a scoreboard where the child would see that they just scored a thousand points for a correct spelling! The child would know that the Teacher would get to see and record their TOTAL SCORE for that class period, both toward creating the grades and toward possibly earning rewards or even prizes!
Again, the child would KNOW what TODAY'S lesson was several days earlier, so he or she could have practiced typing various attempts at the spelling of DOG at home, where when they saw it in class, they would seem really smart in being able to quickly spell it right!
You can see that Math lessons work exactly the same. A screen might
I have to believe that a LOT of kids would spend time AT HOME (on their computer) NOT playing the usual games, but instead DOING THIS HOMEWORK! Then, again, when they are sitting there in class, and the Teacher causes the 5 + 4 = _______ to show up on all their computer screens, little fingers would be pounding keys like crazy! And LOTS of little smiles from seeing all the points they just scored and even bigger smiles from the BONUS points!
Nearly any subject, nearly any subject matter, and at nearly any level, this approach could be incredibly helpful. I can even see it as wonderfully beneficial in College! I remember when I first attended classes as a Freshman at the University of Chicago, the Professors in Physics were REGULARLY saying technical words that I had NEVER heard before, much less actually knew what they meant! It would have been immensely helpful to me then (before available computers!) to have a laptop computer where I could have put the mouse over "Cherenkov Radiation" so I could have seen a definition and some information on what the heck the Prof was talking about. (I guess my public High School was inferior, as my High School Physics class never mentioned Cherenkov Radiation, or even any of the simpler concepts on which that understanding is built, so I was terribly in the dark for the first several months of classes at UC.)
Some stellar objects can produce
Relativistic radiation, where a particle which is moving at very
near the speed of light, but in a dielectric medium, can effectively
be moving at a speed FASTER that the calculated speed of light in that
medium. As a result, it must lose some energy, which is emitted
as Cherenkov Radiation, at very specific angles.
which is then radiated out in specific directions from the object.
Geography. a page with outlines of the continents, with the blanks. Each continent would be a link to "hints" such as "Canada, the United States and Mexico" or "only one country" or "France, Germany and lots of other countries".
The BEST part of all of this is that every student would be able to see these EXACT same screens at home, in doing their homework! They could all enter the classroom with great confidence!
When it came to Test time, the Teacher would have created SIMILAR computer pages to the pages which the students had worked on over the previous week or two. The Tests would NOT be seen ahead of time at home, but they would be so similar to the homework that no student should then be fearful or intimidated!
When I mentioned above that this seems compatible with ALL levels of education, it seems certainly so! When I dated a woman who was in Graduate School in Medicine toward becoming a Medical Doctor, I watched her spending immense amounts of time in working at learning the exact Latin names of every bone in the body, and every muscle, and every tendon, and thousands of other components. I wish I had thought of this then, for her! I now imagine a drawing of a human leg which shows all the bones. Each bone would be the same two links as before, and maybe even three. One would be a thought-bubble with the LATIN NAME of the bone. The second would be an audio file with the proper pronunciation for that Latin name. The third could be another thought-bubble with a discussion of the purpose and function of that bone and its possible movements.
A second drawing of the leg would show only the muscles, with all the links. A third might show the blood flows and all the names of the arteries and veins and capillaries. A fourth might show all the components of the nervous system in the leg. And so forth. After watching all the time she had to devote to memorizing those exact names of everything, and the spellings and the descriptions and functions, I am convinced that THIS tool might have really helped her, both to learn all that much faster, but possibly also even BETTER!
Nearly every textbook, on nearly every subject, could be set up this way! From First Grade through a Doctoral Program, students might be comfortable in seeing the SAME pattern and structure, to then be able to quickly get right down to actually LEARNING!
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C Johnson, Theoretical Physicist, Physics Degree from Univ of Chicago