Neutrinos do not exist (1963)
Like all other nuclear objects, neutrinos must necessarily be Vector quantities, as they all have Nuclear Spin, They must add as Vector quantities and not as (directionless) Scalar Quantities. Angular Momentum must always be Conserved.
As shown here, a Vector Addition Diagram of the Nuclear Spin of a Neutron's Beta-Decay happens to be an equilateral triangle. A Electron's Spin of 1/2 unit is one (red) side of that triangle with a Proton's Spin of 1/2 unit (green) and an Neutron's Spin of 1/2 unit (blue) being the other two Vector sides. (as shown in this graphic). There is no issue of any problem with Conservation of Angular Momentum regarding the Spin Vector of a Neutron and the consequent Spin Vectors of a Proton and Electron.
In 1930, Wolfgang Pauli had erred in thinking that another particle must also exist which had nuclear spin.
Solution: A Police DNA Rape Prevention Method (2018)
Around 3,000 girls and women are raped every day in America. And no one seems to know how to protect them from this crime. There is a very simple way to protect all those girls and women (and children). Every time any man ejaculates, he sends out 250,000,000 separate sperm, each of which contains his complete set of DNA molecules. Modern Forensic Police can examine any crime scene and if they can identify even just ten of a man's DNA molecules in the crime scene, they know WHO the criminal was. This is now done every day in identifying criminals.
If a rape victim girl or woman carefully preserves her underwear and clothing, possibly in a sealed Tupperware container, any modern Police Laboratory or Hospital Laboratory can easily find far more than ten DNA molecules from a rape crime scene, on her underwear or clothing, out of the 250,000,000 DNA of the man who committed the rape. Think about it. How else can a man's sperm get on a girl's underwear in a Police Evidence container?
Once men realized how impossible it is for them to secure all their 250,000,000 personally identifiable DNA molecules from a rape crime, even the dumbest man will realize that they cannot get away with the crime of rape. All women and girls and children will suddenly be extremely SAFE from ever being raped again.
Earth's Perfect Energy Source (1990)
Earth's Kinetic Spinning Energy (advanced) (1990)
The Earth has Immense Rotational Kinetic Energy. IF we might put some effort into trying to capture it, we already have an awesome source of more energy than we could ever need for a million years, and absolutely no pollution would ever exist! Hundreds of Soviet scientists began to try to capture some of it around 1970 in extremely secret research. I did not know what the Soviets were trying to do, but around 1990, I tried an entirely different method to try to recover some of it.
So far, the Soviets have never captured more than about 0.0004 watt of such power, and during the 1990s, the best I ever did was to capture about ten times better, where I extracted about 0.006 watt. Both of our very different methods relied on the Vector nature of the rotational kinetic energy of the Earth spinning, along with using the sets of three Euler Differential Equations. I believe that my approach might have some serious potential, based on some very complex Vector Calculus math. After a few years of trying, I concluded that my brain is not capable of sufficient Riemannian Tensor Calculus to simultaneously solve 27 very complex equations to enhance the performance of my 2004 tabletop devices up to the 10 kilowatts of energy extraction that I believe my approach could produce for each family.
I still have hope that some REALLY excellent mathematician can solve really advanced Tensor Riemannian Calculus math to provide this answer for humanity.
You can help eliminate the world market for Natural Gas (2021)
Greta Thunberg and you can help eliminate the world market for Natural Gas (2007)
Greta Thunberg is Seeking a Climate Change Solution . (2018)
Well, for 14 years, I have demonstrated a wonderful NATURAL source of energy! Oddly, during the summer, when I mow my lawn, I SAVE the cut grass, in bags, and I DRY IT, like farmers do to store their wheat and hay and straw (they do it in bales, I do it in bags).
All that cut grass (and weeds and leaves!) has a collection of the solar energy collected during the photosynthesis chemistry of the growth of the millions of blades of grass, as Glucose molecules.
In the winter, I add back a little of the water I had removed in the drying process. Then, in either of two simple, inexpensive devices which I FREELY DESCRIBE TO EVERYONE, the Glucose molecules (C6H12O6) naturally decompose, where they RELEASE all that amazing amount of the stored solar energy to totally heat my large (11-room) house in the cold Chicago climate.
In the PREVIOUS 14 years (1992-2006), I had PAID the local utility, $2,000 every winter to buy Natural Gas (CH4 ) which I had BURNED in my FURNACE to heat my house. That was about $28,000 I had paid that Utility (which was actually, in 2007, the rather selfish reason why I invented this Natural Carbon Cycle method to heat my house!
So now, in the following 14 winters, I have NOT paid that (giant corporation) Utility a dime!
And then, later, when Greta Thunberg taught the world about Global Warming, I also realized that in these recent 14 years, I have NOT created 192.5 tons of brand new carbon dioxide which everyone else PERMANENTLY sends up into the atmosphere, where the burning of fossil fuels adds more than 100 billion tons of NEW carbon dioxide up into the atmosphere. (I add NONE!)
I have also, as a research scientist, discovered that I do NOT need to PERMANENTLY REMOVE the 20 tons of OXYGEN from the atmosphere each winter, which I used to have to do (1992-2006) to OXIDIZE the Natural Gas in the process of BURNING that fossil fuel. So, without even realizing it, I have now LEFT 280 tons of oxygen in the atmosphere that I used to have to remove to BURN the (previous) Natural Gas.
I would rather be able to BREATHE that oxygen anyway!
I am somewhat concerned what Greta's millions of followers will BREATHE when they are later 80 years old. I am concerned that all that burning of fossil fuels, by then, will have PERMANENTLY REMOVED more than 12,000,000,000,000 tons of oxygen from the atmosphere. I will be long gone by then, but her followers may enjoy breathing.
Is all THAT good enough evidence for you? And I have scientifically PROVEN that this WORKS (for 14 years so far). IN ADDITION, it is FREE!
While the impressive COP26 politicians bragged about promising each other billions of dollars but did not eliminate a single ton of CO2 from the atmosphere, if Greta got her 10 million followers to each use my method to each get rid of 13.75 tons, she could have eliminated 137.5 million tons of CO2 THIS YEAR!
And the world market for Natural Gas might disappear!
Origin of the Universe (1961, internet 1998)
(Far more logical than Big Bang). Allegedly, the entire creation of the Universe occurred in a blink of an eye, 10-32 second. How could anyone believe that the entire 10+54 kilograms of particles of the entire Universe could each accelerate, then cruise, and then decelerate at many trillions of times faster than the speed of light?
Neutrinos - Olbers Paradox Means Neutrinos from Everywhere (2004)
Many people believe that neutrinos can easily pass through the entire Earth or through you. Two hundred years ago, a brilliant man named Olbers realized that if the Universe is endless, then no matter what direction you could look, there must be the brilliant face of a star, so Olbers asked why the night sky is not brilliantly bright. Somehow, many Physicists think that all of astounding numbers of neutrinos are created in the core of our Sun. They neglect that their neutrinos must be coming at us from 210,000 times that many directions, from every other star in the Universe. Since their neutrinos cannot be blocked by anything along the way, their disappointing focus on "only the Sun as the source of neutrinos" is clearly wildly wrong. Then when they argue that their experiments can only count 1/3 as many neutrinos as they expect (a few per year), they make a wild speculation that their neutrinos are of three varieties, which can (somehow) change from one to another. Strangely, they think that their experiments can only detect one of their three varieties! But if there are actually 210,000 times as many neutrinos as they expect, all of their reasoning is horribly wrong.
Precession of Gyroscopes and of the Earth (1998)
Earth Energy Flow Rates due to Precessional Effects. (63,000 MW) (2006)
The Earth's Equinoxes. When you were a child, you were taught that the Earth "wobbles" once every 26,000 years. That is scientifically wildly wrong! In fact, due to the Sun's Vector Gravitation, we actually STOP "wobbling" for a moment twice every year, on March 20 and on September 21. And we then "wobble" more intensely to maximize at a moment on June 21 and again on December 21. And the Moon's Vector Gravitation causes even more extensive wobbling, where we again STOP "wobbling" 26 times every year! This is all due to our Earth having an Equatorial Bulge (of mass) which constantly (gravitationally) tries to get the Earth to tilt more vertically upward (exactly the opposite [Vector] effect as all gyroscopes do, which try to fall over!)
There is an amazing amount of energy involved in both these processes, and if we humans can ever figure out how to capture that energy, we might have 63,000 megawatts available to us! This energy constantly gets shifted back and forth between the Earth and Moon. Another 1250 Megawatts might also be available which goes between the Earth and Sun.
General Relativity Time Dilation Logical Error (2006).
In 1971, NASA intentionally made a huge blunder by totally neglecting General Relativity in trying to do a Hafele-Keating experiment. They thought that only Special Relativity applied, and so the sets of four precise Cesium atomic clocks on their east-to-west and west-to-east airliners did NOT prove their speculation that only Special Relativity actually was valid.
NASA assumed that the Time Dilation effect of their experiment's Lorentz equation calculation of the Time Dilation they had expected to detect could only have been one part in a trillion at best. But since NASA never bothered to even consider the effects of General Relativity, they never realized that Einstein's "Equivalency" Principle calculation happened to have the EXACT SAME but OPPOSITE mathematical effect, where the two Relativity time-rate effects EXACTLY cancel each other. The strict Lorentz and FitzGerald math gives an Apparent Time Dilation Factor to 18-digit accuracy σ = 0.999 999 999 998 796 560 . The spinning Earth's surface is also radially accelerating straight downward with a Centripetal Acceleration due to our downward curved circular path around the Earth.
The centripetal acceleration seems to be an unfamiliar concept to some people, but it is a standard concept for anything which travels in a circular path (such as us as we go around the Earth every day). That "central acceleration" is simply v2/r, which explained the sideways leaning that many High School students learned and which got used when they did donuts in their cars in a parking lot.
The resulting math Equivalency formula regarding circling gives us an Apparent Relativistic Equivalency Factor of 1.000 000 000 001 203 440
If you multiply this 18-digit accuracy Special Relativity value by the 18-digit accuracy General Relativity value, they exactly, exactly cancel each other out, and time ACTUALLY passes for each if us at PRECISELY 1.000 000 000 000 000 000 times the expected rate!
When calculations are done to such extreme precision, it becomes critically important to make such observations from a location that Physicists call an "Inertial Rest Frame of Reference". NASA and Physics never bothered to realize that there are only two locations in the Universe where that is true, the North Pole and the South Pole of the Earth.
Understanding Special Relativity (2006)
Lorentz-FitzGerald Contraction. Isaac Newton mathematically proved that gravitation is a Vector quantity, that it has direction as well as amplitude.
Therefore, both forms of Gravitational Relativity are also Vector quantities. It is therefore somewhat illogical to try to understand Special Relativity by its Time Dilation effect, as the direction that time flows is not that obvious. It is also usually an extremely minimal time effect, generally only a few thousands of a second per year for us on Earth. A different result of Special Relativity, discovered about 1880 by researchers Lorentz and FitzGerald, of an apparent mechanical physical contraction is a lot easier to understand. But both of these are actually not REAL effects, they are PERCEIVED effects by a distant observer at a person or process which is occurring on a location which is moving toward or away from the observer at high speed.
There ARE some stars and therefore probably planets which are very distant but moving away from Earth at extremely high speed, such as 0.6 of c (which is the speed of light). IF we should ever see any people on such a planet, we would see both Time Dilation and Lorentz-FitzGerald Contraction APPARENT effects, and the residents there would see the same apparent effects on us here on Earth.
For example, during a day here, they would see YOU to start out to be 6 feet tall but as their planet rose in Earth's sky. 6 hours later you would appear to them to only appear to be 4 foot 10 inches tall! YOU would not actually change in your body height! The Contraction and Time Dilation effects would ONLY be visible along one specific direction, due to the Vector nature of gravitation, and you would NOT actually physically change in height or time rate at all, these would merely be perceptions due to the Vector nature of gravitation. Even the universally accepted idea of Time Dilation would not be constant and it would only be apparent along a single direction. A clock on his distant planet would APPEAR (to us) to slow down to 80% of its rate for a few hours and then appear to speed back up a few hours later. The man's clock would NOT ever change to him on his planet!
REALITY is not affected at all, for either us on Earth or him on his receding planet. There are just perceptions, which are tough to quantify when time rates are involved, but which are much more obvious to detect when mechanical dimensions are involved. By the way, both observers, he and us, would clearly see that the OTHER planet was clearly very egg-shaped, seemingly flattened along our line of sight, while we each see that OUR OWN planet was perfectly normal shaped!
Nuclear Physics may be Fairly Simple (2003)
Nuclear Physics may be Fairly Simple (Advanced) (2003)
Nuclear Physics - Statistical Analysis of Isotope Masses Structure (2003)
Traditional Physics seems to love to keep adding new nuclear particles, often without any logical justification. Someone decides to want to try to promote a career with a new speculation, of a "string theory" or "dark matter". But nobody bothers to check if the math or physics is still valid. When the neutron was first invented about 1930, it was quickly assumed that the very common Beta-Decay apparently established that the very existence of a neutron (apparently) requires a new significant amount of binding energy which was called the Neutron Self-Binding Energy, and which involved a LOT of energy to hold every neutron together, (0.78235 MeV) (nearly the very existence energy of 1.5 electrons. No one seemed to care that the Conservation of Energy seemed to no longer apply! For the following 80 years, no physicist seems to even care that Energy Conservation is no longer valid!
But in the 1990s, NIST collected really accurate Rest-Mass values for all atomic particles and isotopes. I spent 7 years in studying that NIST data, and I found some amazing conclusions. To an accuracy of better than ten digits, it appears that a far simpler explanation may exist. A really simple example seems to be that a Tritium atom (Hydrogen-3) will slowly do a beta-decay over 12.3 years, where it becomes a Helium-3 atom, where all the component parts are accounted for, regarding mass and energy and everything else. Using the NIST data, if the Neutron Self-Binding Energy is neglected, then the Conservation of all Conservation Laws are true, to better than 10 digit precision.
This amazing precision in every nuclear process seems to be true, always to better than 10-digit precision.
Neutrinos - Where Did they all Come From? (2004)
Each alleged neutrino must be created by a single nuclear object in a beta decay process, which necessarily creates other particles at the same time. Some people claim that many times more neutrinos exist than all the other particles in the Universe.
Violation of the Conservation of Angular Momentum . (2006)
Conservation of Angular Momentum - An Exception or Violation. (2006)
Have you ever started a child's gyroscope on its pedestal? When you first release it, it has no Precessional spin at all. Then, a few seconds later, it is precessing around. Where did the rotational kinetic energy and the rotational momentum come from? The kinetic energy is actually easy to explain, since it is a Scalar quantity (which has no Vector direction) and it is Conserved Energy, which started out as Potential Energy due to the height of the body of the gyroscope in the Gravitational Field of the Earth.
As the body of the gyroscope sinks about a thousandth of a millimeter vertically, that Potential Energy becomes a different form of Energy, Rotational Kinetic Energy of the Precession. I have personally measured these tiny dimensions many times, where Conservation of Energy IS Conserved.
But in trying to explain how the (new) Rotational Momentum comes from, which is a Vector Quantity, there is no logical explanation where the Conservation of Momentum can be explained. It just starts Precessing!
Possible New Approach to Experimentally Creating Fusion Energy . (2017)
We may misunderstand just what nuclear Fusion is. We believe that the incredible mass of the Sun (330,000 times that of the Earth) causes the center of the Sun to be gravitationally collapsed, which then crushes the center of the Sun to create incredibly high temperatures. Then that multi-million-degree temperature causes such high velocity of the Hydrogen nuclei that they crash into each other to FUSE together to create Helium nuclei.
But three hundred years ago, Isaac Newton invented Calculus, where he then showed in his Shell Theorems that the Vector Gravitation effects cause the Gravitational attraction to cancel each other out, where much of the interior of the Earth or Sun or any stars mathematically has NO interior gravitation at all. This appears to be mathematically true, which implies that the conditions inside the Sun must not be valid. In that case, the temperature inside the core of the Sun must NOT be hot enough to cause nuclear fusion. In that case, we really do not know how or why the Sun or any star generates such intense heat and light.
Newtonian Gravitational Constant Accuracy . (2017)
Careful scientists have performed 13 separate experiments during the past 30 years, which have NOT agreed with their separate values for Newton's Big G. We only have very approximate values for just how powerful gravitation is. The fact that gravitation is a Vector Force, and it easily penetrates the body of the Earth, the Gravitation of the Moon seems to provide a far more precise value of Big G.
Moon's Vector Gravitation Sets Precise Gravitational Constant . (2016)
If a kilometer deep borehole is made, anywhere near the Equator of the Earth, and a massive pendulum is hung down into it, at the moment of Moonrise, the sideways Vector Gravitational Force of the Moon (through the body of the Earth) must cause the pendulum to hang exactly 3.38561456 millimeters eastward of normal. About 12 hours later, at the moment of Moonset, the sideways Vector Gravitational Force of the Moon (again through the body of the Earth) must cause the pendulum to hang exactly 3.38561456 millimeters westward of normal. We have very accurate equipment to monitor these exact locations, and we can know Big G to better than a thousand times more accurately than today.
We Probably Can Never Live on Mars . (2013)
The many trips made to the Russian Mir and the ISS have discovered that the Microgravity which exists there cause many very serious Medical problems in the astronauts and cosmonauts that have stayed there more than a few months. An 18-month trip to Mars may cause such serious medical problems in the astronauts that a Hospital may be needed on Mars just to try to enable the astronauts to survive on Mars. In addition, both Mars and the space during the trip there do NOT have the protective atmosphere and radiation to keep deep-space Cosmic Rays from causing cancer in most of the astronauts. Very few or none may survive the Mars adventure.
Microwave Method of Instantly Locating a Girl Who Is in Danger . (1980)
In 1980, I worked with the University of Florida and several Police Departments to apply a unique method of electronics to nearly instantly locate any girl or woman who felt she was a potential target of a rape crime. The Technology is actually an opposite application of the Marine Navigation Loran-C system where small boats can determine exactly where they are. This PSST system has each girl or woman wear a bracelet, anklet or necklace which contains a very simple transmitter where three different receivers detect the time of signal recovery at each of the three locations, and the known precise location of each of the three receiver antennas, along with the known velocity of light, uses a similar method to Loran-C to precisely know the girl's location to better than one foot accuracy. Even if a criminal is driving around the city to hide the girl, every second, the Police will know exactly where she is, even regarding which lane the vehicle was in, and regarding any traffic turns made.
The PSST system determines three mathematical hyperbolas to locate the intersection point of the three hyperbolas. The girl does not know her exact location but the Police Department will constantly monitor her precise location to immediately save her.
What are your personal plans for the year 2041? (2020)
The experts at Mobil Oil recently said (November 2019) that ALL of the petroleum in the Earth will be completely found and used up (burned) by the year 2040. The experts at BP (British Petroleum) agree, but they think that all of the petroleum will be gone by the year 2045. The experts at Exxon agree with that 2045 assessment. The experts at OGJ (Oil and Gas Journal) also think that it will be ALL GONE by 2045.
Time is Passing on Earth Faster than it is on the Moon . (2006)
Time Passes Faster on Earth than on the Moon (Advanced) (2009)
General Relativity - A Moon Experiment to Confirm It. Simple. (2009)
General Relativity and Time Dilation. Does Time Dilation Result? (2009)
Our clocks here on the surface of the Earth actually run slightly, slightly faster than they would on the surface of the Moon, but only a really tiny amount faster (about 0.001 second / year). This is due to an effect of Einstein's General Relativity.
Calculations, based on Einstein, indicate that the Earth clock should count about 10,976 extra ticks every hour than the identical clock on the Moon, entirely due to the difference in our gravitational field strengths on the surface of the Earth and Moon, and on Einstein's General Relativity and his Equivalency Principle of gravitation and acceleration. It is a really obvious experiment!
NASA or ESA could do an inexpensive scientific experiment to soft-land a precise cesium clock on the surface of the Moon and then use radio communication to compare that precise clock's time with an identical clock running on the surface of the Earth. Such an experiment would immediately prove the truth of the validity of General Relativity. Einstein's General Relativity math indicates that the Earth cesiun clock probably will count 10,976 more times every hour than its identical brother clock sitting on the surface of the Moon. A pretty obvious scientific experiment.
Galaxy Spiral Arms (1998)
Purely Newtonian gravitational explanation. A hundred years before Isaac Newton lived, Johannes Kepler did amazing observational astronomy and mathematics. He created some "Kepler Laws" regarding the Solar System where he assumed that essentially all the mass in the Solar System happens to be inside the Sun. That was a good assumption for the Solar System, as Newton confirmed a hundred years later with his much better math (including Fluxions, which we now call Calculus). At that time of Newton's death, no one yet knew what a galaxy was or even that we happened to be in one the Milky Way). More recently, scientists have simply accepted Kepler's math regarding our Milky Way Spiral Galaxy, and they have been wrong in that assumption. Newton's later Fluxions (calculus math) showed him that gravitational force is affected when mass is distributed over a large area, rather than where all the mass is localized as it is in the Sun in our Solar System. People still use Kepler's equation regarding our Galaxy when they try to calculate distances and velocities of the Sun inside our Galaxy, and Newton totally proved that such calculations are quite wrong. No one seems willing to use the more correct Newton's Fluxions in doing such calculations, as they are a lot more complex to do. Still, it is sad that our scientific Community chooses to use Kepler's earlier and simpler math and logic, where many of the popular accepted calculations regarding our Galaxy are simply not accurate.
We need to look in very different ways regarding the math for these two situations. Yes, those many billions of stars in our Core are relatively close to each other and far from us where Kepler's simple math is decently accurate. But in the opposite direction within the Orion Spiral Arm which we happen to be in, it is critically necessary to use Newton's far more precise math, essentially by individually calculating the Newtonian gravitational force of each separate (nearby) star and the Sun. This happens to be some really involved math, where modern high-speed computers are needed to calculate the Summation of all those local gravitational forces, which is essentially a Summation which represents the Integral Calculus total force.
Simple Newtonian gravitation is sufficient to explain the entire existence and behavior of Galaxy Spiral Arms, including their long-term stability. The well-known Keplerian centripetal force effect certainly dominates even though Isaac Newton downplayed its importance, but a tapering-shaped Spiral Arm also has complex internal mutual local gravitation, which has surprisingly strong local effects!
Some really obvious logical errors exist in the understanding of the structure of our Milky Way Galaxy. For example, there is much evidence that the Sun and Earth are currently about 250 light years "above" the centerline of our Galaxy, and for more than 200 years, we have known that the Sun and Earth are currently traveling "upward at an angle" toward a spot in the sky we call the Apex of the Sun's Way. We know that the Galaxy is very "thin", less than one- hundredth as thick as it is in diameter. Prior to the math presented below, no one seemed to notice that at the rate we are moving "upward" we now can expect to entirely leave the Galaxy in only around 9 million years. Which means that our understanding is extremely wrong when the Sun and Earth are certainly 500 times older than that. This current reasoning establishes and mathematically proves that the Sun and Earth oscillate up and down in our Galaxy, likely around 150 complete cycles so far. This gravitational reasoning also establishes and mathematically proves that the Sun and Earth also oscillate radially in our (Orion) Arm, apparently doing around 100 complete radial cycles so far. This radial cycling has resulted in the Solar System having passed through a very crowded region of our Arm's Centerline about every 26 million years, where we may have been intensely pounded by many massive asteroids on a regular basis. One and one-fourth-cycle ago, about 65 million years ago, we had passed through that congested region of our Arm Centerline, and we wonder if debris that we encountered might have resulted in the final dinosaurs dying off. While we were passing through (inward) at our greatest possible inter-Arm velocity, we also must have passed countless objects of various mass which were oscillating and then headed the other direction across our Arm. This would result in "head-on collisions" between the Earth and those many other objects, all at extremely high impact velocity. Other possible "mass extinctions" have apparently occurred on a schedule which agrees with this. We also find it interesting that the most recent time we passed through that "junkyard", about 13 million years ago, the orientation of the Solar System was apparently severely tilted at around 63 degrees, such that the southern hemispheres of the Moon, of Mars, of Mercury and even of our Earth may have been leading us into intense bombarded by large objects which we encountered at very high head-on velocity. I have not noticed that anyone had tried to explain why our Moon has a LOT of craters in its southern hemisphere and relatively few in the northern hemisphere. Mercury looks similar. This reasoning also implies that most of the current craters on the Moon may have occurred just 13 million years ago, and not four billion years ago.
Twins Paradox of Relativity Is Absolutely Wrong (2004)
Around 1960, shortly after Einstein had died, some of my fellow Physicists came up with several very illogical ideas. Specifically, they totally ignored the excostence of Einstein's General Relativity and only focused instead of his Special Relativity (which is a lot easier to calculate and to understand). One of the silliest ideas was their "Twins Paaradox" idea. They realized that at extremely high (radial) velocity, Special Relativity has the consequence of something we call Time Dilation, where there is a (fictitious) appearance that time slows down to an observer. The idea became publicly popular, and no one seemed to do any of the sophisticated math that we Physicists normally love to do. So they dreamed up a story of two identical twins, one of which stayed on Earth and the other of which zoomed outward at near the speed of light. They PARTLY got some of their story right, where, while the traveling brother was cruising, the Earth brother WOULD see that his brother seemed to be aging and living more slowly than himself. Which developed the popular Twins Paradox, where two identical brothers were APPARENTLY aging at different rates!
However, their story was always wildly wrong, as they had overlooked am enormous part of their own story, the ACCELERATION that their traveling brother would have to do (which more normally would be described at ferocious G forces, 500,000 Gs), which that brother could not possibly have ever survived, just after he took off from having lunch with his identical twin brother on Earth, to accelerate up to near the speed of light. (By the way, human jet pilots have difficulty surviving even 10 Gs of acceleration). It turns out that Einstein's (ignored) General Relativity, and the Equivalence Principle Math, actually CAUSES such enormous acceleration (all of which had to occur BEFORE the traditional start of their Twins Paradox story).
If anyone would tell the ENTIRE story they proposed, it actually would make excellent sense, and if the brothers ever met again, they would both see that they were still exactly the same age! But their separate stories of what they had seen and experience would be really different!
The Earth observer would live a normal life, but through his telescope he would watch his accelerating brother initially rapidly appear to age more than 2 years (on a trip to a planet orbiiting Alpha Centauri) He, on Earth, would only experience aging for a few weeks, so he would definitely watch his twin brother celebrate two birthdays (during that two weeks of watching him accelerate), so there would be no doubt in his mind that they were now more than 2 years different in age, with the traveling brother appearing older. After the traveller shut down his rocket motor and stopped acclerating and started cruising at constant velocity, he would then see his traveling brother APPEAR to virtually stop moving (which is the popular Time Dilation aspect of the story!) The brother who remained on Earth would age normally, celebrating two of his own birthdays here on Earth, while the traveling brother would be aging so slowly to not be having any of his own birthdays. As the speaceship approached the halfway point of the trip, his Earth age would have caught up and they would momentarily be exactly the same age again!
Then the traveller would turn his rocket around and he would start decelerating. The Earth observer would again see him age very quickly. The Earth Twin would only watch this for a few weeks, but he would see the traveler age another two years, so he would see the traveler have two more birthdays. So the Earth observer would EXPERIENCE 4 years of aging and birthdays during the whole trip, and he would also see the traveler also age 4 years and celebrate 4 birthdays. When the traveller arrived at the planet at Alpha Centauri, he would swear that he experienced and watch the two live the exact same 4 years (which the trip to AC takes.
If the travelling brother had a rear view window, his descriotion would be very different. But they would end up in perfect agreement with each other at the end, both being exactly the same age when they migh ever again meet.
Origin of the Earth. (Dec 2001)
Planetary Gravitational Resonances. I believe that it was critically important that there was a really massive planet near the Sun, possibnly having first having gravitationally prior to any of the smaller planets. Jupiter's gravitation would then cause tiny particles to resonate into many small rings that might have appeared like Saturn's rings. The way resonance works, the particles would gradually attract each other into larger and larger particles and eventually into a full planet-sized masses. In the case of the Earth, there might logically be TWO rings, one just inside of an orbit that would have a 1:12 orbit with Jupiter and the other just outside that 1:12 orbit. The resonance math seems to suggest that these two proto-planets maay have been around 3/4 million miles inside and outside of that 1:12 orbit. And for many millions of years, the larger (Earth) and smaller (Moon) both orbited the Sun in very similar orbits. Every few years, the two would make a near-miss pass, where both of their orbits resonated and wiggled. Eventually, a near-miss pass occurred so close that the Moon's orbit became centered on orbiting the Earth rather than the Sun. This may explain why the Earth and Moon are so chemically different.
Origin of the Moon - A New Theory. (June 2000)
This description may be a logical extension of the two-planet Jupiter gravitational resonance discussed just above.
Sundial Clock - Equation of Time. (2009)
Sundial to Clock Correction. The actual movement and rotation of the Earth is not as precisely repeatable as the motion of a mechanical or electtronic clock, so there is a slight but precise adjustment of the shadow of the gnomon of a sundial. This correction, to about a thousandth of a second, is calcuated here, every day, throughout history. This also includes really precise math calculation regarding the Eccentricity of the Earth's Orbit and the Obliquitity of the Ecliptic (the Tilt of the Earth's rotation). This discusssion also includes the values of these variables for thousands of years, and to a precision which is better than normally available anywhere else. The moment of the beginning of each Season of the Earth is also provided very precisely.
Earth's Magnetic Field. (1996)
The Earth has a very complex magnetic field, not just a bifold field, or even a 4-plex field, but it even includes 8-plex fields. This all develops inside the Core of the Earth which is primarily rotating charged liquid iron.
Global Warming - The Physics of the Process. (June 2004, June 2008)
Asphalt Pavement (2007)
Black Surfaces and Sunlight. Roofs, Pavements. A company in India makes white pavement paint, which is normally sold to decorate highway lane markers and such. If entire traffic lanes might be economically painted white, then the hundred thousand square miles of 95% heat absorbant black asphalt pavements in America might become 80% solar reflective white highways to help improve the Global Warming crisis.
Global Warming and Climate Change - The Physics. (2007)
Solar Electricity Safe (2000)
Unlimited Source of Solar by Safe Fully Enclosed Artificial Tornadoes. This solar technology is actually a three-stage system. The first stage has a small insulated pond collect solar energy to warm the pond water up to at least 85°F. As needed, some of this warm water gets moved into a nearby farm silo, to provide a pond on the interior floor of the silo. Some of that warm water evaporates and rises. That converts the heat of the warm water into mechanical energy of the air rising. As this warm air rises and rotates, it naturally becomes the spinning air circulation of a 'dust devil' or a 'tornado', by the normal process which creates tornadoes from rising, rotating air.
There are ultraviolet lights inside the upper silo which ionizes this rising, spinning air. On all the walls of the inner silo, there are coils of wire mounted. As the ionized (electrically charged) air moves past each coil, Faraday's Law creates an electric current inside every one of those coils. They are wired together to produce a very reliable 9 kilowatts of electricity for the nearby house. This works even during the night!
Commonly, alternate energy has a problem of irregularity, where wind sometimes does not blow and solar is not available during the night. This technogy is very different, where as long as the outdoor pond is warmer than 85°F, this system will continuously produce 9 kw of electricity, day or night!
Solar Heated House (1979)
Totally 100% Solar Heated House - Version 1. This is a unique concept of solar heating which actually has TWO separate sections. First, the house collects solar heat during every minute that it is available, and it sends all that heat down into a very well-insulated (hidden) massive underground heat storage chamber, where at least three full weeks for fully heating the entire house is always available.
At any time when any room in the house has its wall thermostat call for heat, no actual 'solar' heat is obtained but instead a conventional furnace blower sends the required heat for that room from the massive storage. This allows each room in the house to always remain at exactly whatever temperature is desired! A bathroom could be always kept at 85°F, while a Wine Cellar could always be at 42°F, and a bedroom could always be 72°F (or 68°F if the occupant preferred). Even a Sauna could be available at 105°F if desired. All this heat is always available without needing to buy or burn any fossil fuel, as it is all FREE solar heat.
The (invisible) underground insulated heat storage can also include a separate chamber for storing coolness, by using the 'Free Deep Earth Air Conditioning' we describe in another page, where while any of the house rooms can be heated per their separate wall thermostats, other rooms could be simultaneously COOLED as desired! This system is even more efficient and more centered on the residents' comfort, as the upper part of the house has one nearly completely glass (solar) wall but it can even ROTATE with the Sun's movement (much like some rotating restaurants do on top of tall buildings). Such restaurants generally rotate once-per-hour, which is not noticeable by the diners, since they are promoting the scenery that passes by during a one-hour meal. We use a much slower house rotation rate, once per 24 hours, to maximize solar collection efficiency by always following the Sun (when desirable or needed). We also have a 'solar avoidance mode where the glass wall constantly faces north or elswhere to maximize occupant comfort. It is a remarkably technological system, which still does not cost much more to build than any other stick-build houses.
200.0 mph, Safe, Self-Driving Cars, Trucks, Economical (1989)
Transport which is durable for 40 years since it is primarily built of 5-foot diameter reinforced concrete sewer culvert sections. It works essentially like the pneumatic tubes that many banks use to rapidly transfer papers and money from drive through drivers to tellers inside a bank, but even much faster. An Interstate Highway version of this concept uses solar power and wind power to drive constant 240 mph airspeed inside of networks of such culverts. None of the vehicles inside have any engines, as they move, like the pneumatic cylinders do from the air pressure on the rear wall due to that moving air. Each such 'pod' contains a small computer which lets a very precise flow of excess air to go past the 'pod' such that every 'pod' always travels at exactly 200.0 mph. No collisions can ever happen since all traffic always travels at exactly the same speed. Since all traffic is always inside the very sturdy reinforced concrete culverts, no driver is ever necessary, and various 'air switches' move each 'pod' into the best passageway in the network for each individual or family. Each 'pod' is comparable to a 145 cubic foot large SUV for 1 to 6 people to ride in. The overall efficiency is nearly 100%, far better than the 21% efficiency of modern automobiles or trucks or buses or trains. Since they travel city-to-city and actually door-to-door at 200 mph, they actually provide passenger or freight transportation between cities that is comparable to airliners, but with only 1/10 the fare or freight cost! And WITHOUT all the security complications of modern air flight.
Wind Power, Practical Windmills (1975, 1998)
Residential windmills for single applications of supplying electricity for single houses or businesses. We also discuss the very primitive Savonius Rotors which are commonly made from oil drums which are cut apart. I have personally made around 40 Savonius Rotors, which are incredibly noisy but which each can extract a couple hundred watts of electricity to store in car batteries. Neighbors do not like the noise of the spinning bearings and the ugliness of many spinning Savonius oil barrels, but they certainly work at capturing electricity power from the 5 watts per square foot in ambient wind.
Commercial Wind Electricity (2007)
This unique set of large cone-shaped ambient air passagerways collects millions of square feet of 5-watts-per square foot of moving air to rotate very large 'revolving doorway' VAWT (vertical-axis-wind-turbines) to drive large electrical alternators to supply 1200 KiloWatts of electricity (for a thousand homes). The reinforced concrete structure is reliable for 40 years, not like the very tall tower windmills that are so complex (800 component parts) that they require nearly daily maintenance on the 300-foot-tall towers, and which often overheat and catch fire and burn down, or that overspin in storm winds and exceed the speed of sound and destroy themselves.
Home Air Conditioning. (1978, 2000)
Natural, GREEN and FREE! At nearly any location on Earth, there is so many billions of tons of mass of Earth nearby that the average temperature is really surprisingly constant. In the Chicago region, if you dig just 8 feet deep, the constant temperature down there is about 51°F or 11°C. Since the summer temperature of millions of buildings is often much hotter than that, we are faced with five obvious choices. Two are technological and expensive, either a 'room air conditioner' or a 'central home air conditioner'. These two technologies are designed to use refrigants to eject air back out into the room or house at 62°F. We suggest three better choices, which are also far less expensive. The largest version involves about 500 feet of 4" plastic drain pipe, buried into the yard of a house, where a conventional furnace blower sends the deep-soil-cooled returned air to recirculate and to return to the house at at 58°F. We have taught around 24,000 people to install this $500 (to buy all that plastic PVC pipe and to rent a ditch digger to install it) since late 2000.
The other two versions are smaller and each mostly meant to provide air conditioning to just one or two rooms, although the cost is often just $20 for the two used car parts. One relies on the fact that most cities bury their municipal water supplies 3 feet deep, to avoid any winter pipe freezing danger, so the Municipal water supply pipe provide an endless supply of very economical water which arrives at about 51°F. A modest amount of tht very cool water can be run through a used car radiator, with a standard car radiator fan blowing the hot house air through the 51°F water in the radiator. There is only a modest cost of some additional water for the house and a little bit to power the fan which blows the air through the radiator. It works fantistically well!
The third economical version just uses a tractor-bored post hole to go 8 feet deep to obtain a lot of very cool (51°F ground water to send it through the same car radiator(s). A slight extra cost is involved here as an electric motor needs to pump the ground water vertically up and through the radiator, but no new water is used.
Aerodynamic Lift - How Airplanes Fly (2003)
Bernoulli Lift and Reaction Lift.
There are two very different ways for airplanes to fly. One is a brute force method which we call Reaction Lift, which resembles what you do when you stick the palm if your hand out the window of a fast moving car. The other is a more sophisticated application of air pressure which we call Bernoulli Lift, which is based more on Isaac Newton's Laws of Motions and Bernoulli's study of those Laws on the motion in fluids.
Conservation of Angular Momentum - An Exception or Violation. (2006)
Global Warming (2009)
The Politics and Business
Energy from the Moon - 1 (2010)
Tidal Energy Collection (Tides)
Energy from the Moon - (2010)
Tidal Energy Collection 2 Harvesting
Electricity from Solar, Wind, Water, More. GREEN Electricity (2010)
The CUBE device which can collect solar and/or wind and/or moving water natural energy to produce a modest amount of electricity for a home or small business.
Globular Clusters (1998)
We know that they are each near the very Core of our Galaxy and we have determined that they have each passed through the cluttered central Milky Way galaxy 200 times. And yet, they still each have impeeccable symmetry. The many near misses certainly caused innumerable gravitational interactions that mix up the Galaxy's variety of stars with the pure group of the Globular's stars.
If you want to know about most of this math, you can Read More
Precise Phase of the Moon, location and distance from us Read More
The planets, their distance from us, and location in the sky Read More
If you want to calculate Pi to a thousand digits, you can.
3.14159265358979323846264338327950288419716939937510582097494459230781640628 6208998628034825342117067982148086513282306647093844609550582231725359408128 ...
How to make and throw a Boomerang is at Read More
An extensive guidebook for volleyball strategies is at Read More
Compare the efficiency of a human with machines is at Read More
Photosynthesis and Plant growth Read More
Practice hitting a baseball or softball at any skill level Read More
Binoculars and three observations and know an orbit Read More
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