Erastianism国家全能 中文 - Zhong Wen

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The idea of absolute state primacy over the church is known as Erastianism. The doctrine derives its name from Thomas Erastus (1524 - 83), a Swiss Protestant theologian and physician involved in a controversy over the right of Calvinist religious leaders to excommunicate sinners or doctrinal deviates.这座教堂的想法绝对优先于国家的被称为Erastianism。该学说源于它的名字从托马斯伊拉斯塔斯(1524 - 83),瑞士新教神学家和理论或医师参与罪人在一个争论的权利加尔文宗教领袖被逐出教会偏离。He held that only the state could punish such offenders because civil authorities had final jurisdiction in all areas, even in matters such as excommunication.他认为,只有国家可以惩罚这些罪犯,因为民事当局甚至在各个领域,最终的司法管辖权问题,如罚。

From 1558, Erastus was a professor at Heidelberg, where he opposed the efforts of Caspar Olevianus to enforce a Calvinist form of church discipline as practiced in Geneva.从1558年,伊拉斯塔斯是日内瓦教授在海德堡,在那里他的卡斯帕反对的努力Olevianus执行实行一加尔文主义的形式作为教会的纪律。 His Latin book of 75 theses on the subject was published in London in 1589, and appeared in an English translation in 1659 as The Nullity of Church Censures.他的拉丁语的书的主题对75篇论文发表在1589年在伦敦,并出现在1659年中英文翻译作为的指责无效制度的教会。 The book had a powerful influence on the English theories of state control over the church during the 17th century.该书已在17世纪的英国,在控制理论的国家对教会的强大影响。The theory of church - state relations, to which the name Erastianism is given, usually goes well beyond the authority Erastus would have granted to the state.教堂的理论-国家关系,对此给出的名称Erastianism,通常去给予的远远超出了国家权威伊拉斯塔斯会。

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Erastianism takes its name from Thomas Erastus (1524 - 83), who was born at Baden, studied theology at Basel, and later medicine, becoming professor of medicine at Heidelberg.Erastianism得名托马斯伊拉斯塔斯(1524 - 83),谁是出生在巴登,学习神学,在巴塞尔,后来医药,成为医学教授在海德堡。He was a friend of Beza and Bullinger and was a Zwinglian.他是一个布凌格朋友贝萨和,是一个Zwinglian。

A controversy arose in Heidelberg over the powers of the presbytery. Erastus emphasized strongly the right of the state to intervene in ecclesiastical matters.一个争议出现在海德堡在长老会的权力。伊拉斯塔斯强调强烈的国家的权利的干预教会事务。He held that the church has no scriptural authority to excommunicate any of its members.他认为,教会没有圣经的任何成员有权破门的。As God has entrusted to the civil magistrate (ie, the state) the sum total of the visible government, the church in a Christian country has no power of repression distinct from the state.如同上帝赋予民事裁判官(即国家)的总和,可见政府的,该国在一个基督教教堂没有国家政权的镇压有别于。To have two visible authorities in a country would be absurd.有两个明显的一个国家机关是荒唐的。The church can merely warn or censure offenders.这座教堂可以只警告或谴责罪犯。Punitive action belongs to the civil magistrate alone.惩罚性行动属于民事裁判官孤单。The church has no right to withhold the sacraments from offenders.教堂有没有权利拒绝向罪犯的圣礼。

In practice, the term "Erastianism" is somewhat what elastic.在实践中,术语“Erastianism”有点什么弹性。Figgis calls it "the theory that religion is the creature of the state." Generally it signifies that the state is supreme in ecclesiastical causes, but Erastus dealt only with the disciplinary powers of the church.菲吉斯称它为“的理论,宗教是国家生物的。”一般来说,标志着最高的国家是在教会的原因,但伊拉斯塔斯处理教会只有权力与纪律。 When the Roman emperors became Christian, the relations of civil and ecclesiastical rulers became a real problem.当基督教成为罗马的皇帝,教会统治者的民事关系,成为一个真正的问题。It became universally accepted until modern times that the state could punish heretics or put them to death.它成为普遍接受的时代,直到现代,国家可以惩罚异端,或把死刑。

The name Erastian emerged in England in the Westminister Assembly (1643) when outstanding men like Selden and Whitelocke advocated the supremacy of the state over the church.这个名字Erastian出现在英国的威斯敏斯特大会(1643)何时及Whitelocke优秀男人都喜欢塞尔登主张国家对教会的至高无上的。 The assembly rejected this view and decided that church and state have their separate but coordinate spheres, each supreme in its own province but bound to cooperate with one another for the glory of God.大会驳斥这种观点,并决定教会与国家分开,但有其协调领域,每个省最高法院在它自己的,但一定要相互合作,又为神的荣耀。

AM Renwick上午伦威克
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (埃尔韦尔福音字典)

Bibliography 书目
W Cunningham, Historical Theology; JN Figgis, "Erastus and Erastianism," JTS 2. W坎宁安,历史神学;若望菲吉斯,“伊拉斯塔斯和Erastianism,”JTS的2。

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