Menno Simons门诺西蒙斯 中文 - Zhong Wen

General Information一般资料

A moderate Anabaptist leader in the Low Countries, Menno Simons, bc 1496, d.低地国家中的一个温和的再洗礼派的领导者,门诺西门子,公元前1496年,D.Jan. 31, 1561, restored the reputation of the movement after the suppression (1535) of the theocratic Kingdom of Munster, set up by militant Anabaptists. 1561年1月31日,恢复后的神权王国的穆斯特抑制(1535)由好战的再洗礼派了,运动的声誉。Formerly a Roman Catholic priest, Menno joined (1536) the Anabaptist movement when the Obbenite faction (a peaceful group of Dutch Anabaptists led by Obbe Philips) prevailed upon him to become their minister.以前一个罗马天主教神父,门诺加入(1536)的再洗礼派运动时Obbenite派(一个由OBBE飞利浦LED荷兰再洗礼派和平组)在他占了上风,成为他们的部长。 Menno believed that the apostolic church pattern called for the organization of individual congregations of regenerated believers moved by the Holy Spirit to lead lives of peace and service.门诺认为,使徒教会模式为再生众信徒个人组织所谓的圣灵感动,带领和平和使用寿命。His basic beliefs were summarized in his highly influential Book of Fundamentals (1539).他的基本信念是总结了他的高度影响力的基础(1539)图书。The Mennonites take their name from Menno.在门诺从门诺他们的名字。

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Bibliography 参考书目
HS Bender and J Horsch, Menno Simons' Life and Writings (1936); WE Keeney, The Development of Dutch Anabaptist Thought and Practice, 1539 - 1564 (1968).本德尔和HS,门诺西蒙斯的生活与写作(1936)J Horsch,我们Keeney,荷兰再洗礼派的思想和实践的发展,1539年至1564年(1968年)。

Menno Simons门诺西门子

General Information一般资料

Menno Simons (1496-1561) was a Dutch religious reformer, from whom the religious body called Mennonites takes its name.门诺西蒙斯(1496年至1561年)是荷兰的宗教改革,从他们的宗教机构,称为门诺得名。

Born at Witmarsum in Friesland, Menno was ordained a Roman Catholic priest in 1524.在弗里斯兰Witmarsum出生,门诺被规定在1524罗马天主教神父。Doubts about transubstantiation, infant baptism, and other church dogmas led him to a close study of the New Testament and writings of Martin Luther.关于陷于变体,婴儿的洗礼,和其他教会教条的怀疑使他的新约和马丁路德的著作仔细研究。He gradually came to agree with Luther's position that the Bible should be the Christian's highest authority, and he left the Roman Catholic church.他逐渐认同路德的立场,即应是基督教圣经的最高权威,他离开了罗马天主教教堂。Although he opposed the revolutionary Anabaptists who led an unsuccessful uprising at Münster in 1535, his efforts to help them put him in danger of arrest, and he went into hiding for a year.虽然他领导的反对谁在明斯特在1535年革命失败的起义再洗礼派教徒,他的努力帮助他们把他逮捕的危险,他到了一年躲藏起来。 In 1537 he became an Anabaptist preacher at Groningen, where he was married. 1537年,他成为了在格罗宁根,在那里他结婚再洗礼派牧师。In the following years he was active as a missionary, carrying the new faith to other parts of Friesland, to Zuid-Holland (South Holland), and Germany.在随后的几年,他作为一个传教士活动,承载着新的信仰的弗里斯兰省其他地区,以南荷兰省(南荷兰),和德国。He died on January 31, 1561, near Ordesloe, Holstein.他死于1561年1月31日,近Ordesloe,荷斯坦。

Menno adhered fundamentally to orthodox beliefs but rejected those that were not mentioned in the New Testament. He believed in the divinity of Christ and baptized only those who asserted their faith in Christ. 门诺坚持从根本上正统的信仰,但拒绝那些没有在新约中提到,他相信基督的神性和洗礼只有那些谁宣称在基督的信仰。In his view, military service and killing were unlawful, as were the taking of oaths, the holding of the office of magistrate, and marriage to persons outside the church.在他看来,兵役和杀戮是非法的,因为是在监誓取,该裁判官办事处举行,婚姻以外的教会人士。He also taught that prayer should be performed in silence.他还告诉我们,默默祈祷应在执行。His writings were collected as The Complete Writings of Menno Simons (1681; trans. 1956).他的作品被收集起来作为门诺西蒙斯(1681;转1956)完成著作。

Menno Simons门诺西门子

Advanced Information先进的信息

(ca. 1496-1561)(约1496至1561年)

Menno Simons is best known as the founder of a loosely related group of Reformation believers known today as Mennonites.门诺西蒙斯是最有名的一种被称为门诺教派信徒今天改革相关松散集团的创始人。 In the days of Menno family names were not yet established in the Netherlands; the name Simons is simply a patronymic: "son of Simon."在门诺姓氏的日子尚未成立于荷兰,名称西蒙斯只是一个父“西蒙的儿子。”We know little more of his life than he himself writes in his book directed to the Reformer Jelle Smit, who wrote under the name Gellius Faber.我们知道一点他的生活比他自己在导演的改革者Jelle斯密特,谁的名义下Gellius法贝尔说他的书写。That brief autobiography was written to demonstrate that Menno had no connection with the Munsterites, the militant wing of the Melchiorites.这简短的自传写证明,门诺没有与Munsterites,对Melchiorites武装翼连接。

Menno was born in the Fsisian village of Witmarsum and trained for the Roman priesthood.门诺出生在Witmarsum Fsisian村庄和罗马圣职培训。He was consecrated in 1524 at the age of twenty-eight.他被奉献1524在28岁。His first parish service was from 1524 to 1531 at the neighboring village of Pingjum, and from 1531 to 1536 in his home town of Witmarsum.他的第一个教区服务是1524年至1531年在Pingjum邻村,从1531年在他家乡的Witmarsum 1536。

In the first year of his priesthood Menno came to doubt the doctrine of transubstantiation, and after much distress he fearfully took up the Scriptures for the first time in his life.在他的圣职的第一年门诺来到怀疑陷于变体学说,并经过多次遇险,他胆怯了起来为他生平第一次的圣经。As a result of reading the NT, he gave up the doctrine of the miraculous change of the bread and wine into the body and blood of the Lord.作为阅读NT结果,他放弃了的面包和进入人体和主血酒神奇变化的学说。In 1531 Menno heard of the execution of Sicke Snijder at Leeuwarden, capital of Friesland, for being rebaptized. 1531年门诺听说在吕伐登执行Sicke Snijder,弗里斯兰资本,被rebaptized。This terrified him also, and led to much soul searching.这也吓坏了他,并引发了深刻反省。In the end he came to believe that baptism should follow conversion.最后,他开始相信洗礼应遵循的转换。Finally, Menno's brother joined a nonpeace group of Anabaptists and perished in a struggle with the authorities in 1535.最后,门诺的兄弟加入了再洗礼派nonpeace组,并与当局的斗争中丧生1535。This tragedy broke Menno's heart, and he made a total surrender of himself to Christ.这一悲剧发生门诺的心,他提出了自己的总投降基督。For about nine months he remained in the Catholic Church, preaching his new understanding of the gospel.约九个月,他仍然在天主教教会,传道他的福音新的认识。

On January 31, 1536, Menno renounced his Roman Catholicism and went into hiding.在1536年1月31日,门诺放弃他的罗马天主教和躲藏起来。He accepted baptism, probably from the leader of the Peace Wing of the Frisian Anabaptists, Obbe Philips, who also ordained Menno as an elder (bishop) in the province of Groningen in 1537.他接受洗礼,大概从弗里斯兰再洗礼派的,OBBE飞利浦,谁也规定了作为长辈(主教)在格罗宁根省于1537年门诺和平联队的领导者。 Menno served in the Netherlands (1536-43), in northwest Germany, mainly in the Rhineland (1543-46), and in Danish Holstein (1546-61).门诺曾在荷兰(1536年至1543年),在德国西北部,主要分布在莱茵兰(1543年至1546年)和丹麦荷斯坦(1546年至1561年)。 The first major collection of his writings appeared in 1646.他的著作的第一个主要收集在1646年出现。

Menno was a good shepherd and leader, and escaped martyrdom only by moving about.门诺是一个很好的牧羊人和领导者,并且逃脱只有动一下殉难。He was an evangelical who held to the major doctrines of the Christian faith.他是一个福音派谁举行的基督教信仰的主要教义。 He differed from Luther and Calvin by defending the baptism of believers only, by teaching the doctrine of peace and nonresistance, and by rejecting the oath.他不同于路德和加尔文的卫冕只,通过教学的和平与不抵抗主义,并拒绝宣誓的信徒的洗礼。He assumed the separation of church and state.他承担了政教分离。He held to the Melchiorite doctrine of the incarnation, which taught that Christ brought to earth his own "heavenly flesh," receiving nothing from Mary, not even his humanity.他举行的化身,它告诉我们,基督带到地球自己的“天上的肉,”玛丽接受什么,甚至没有他的人性Melchiorite学说。 And since no man was the earthly father of Jesus, God must have created a body for him.而且因为没有人是耶稣地上的父亲,上帝必须创造了他的身体。Our Lord was therefore in Mary prior to his birth, yet he was not of Mary.因此,我们的主在他出生之前,玛丽,但他是玛丽没有。

JC Wenger JC温格
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary)(Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 参考书目
JC Wenger, ed., The Complete Writings of Menno Simons; K. Vos, Menno Simons; C. Krahn, Menno Simons.JC温格,ED,在门诺西门子完整著作; K.沃斯,门诺西门子; C.克拉恩,门诺西蒙斯。

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