MonergismMonergism 中文 - Zhong Wen

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Monergism is the position that "the grace of God is the only efficient cause in beginning and effecting conversion. "The opposite of synergism, this position is consistently upheld by the Augustinian tradition within Christianity. Monergism的立场,即是“神的恩典是唯一在开始和进行的转换效率的原因。”对面的协同作用,这一立场是一贯的传统,坚持在奥古斯丁的基督教。 Representative is the attitude of Martin Luther. Luther believed that salvation was by grace alone through faith, arriving at this position from his study of Rom.代表是马丁路德的态度。 路德认为,得救的恩典通过信仰独显,在到达这个位置由他的ROM的研究。1:16 - 17. The believing faith that receives this grace is itself the gift of God.1:16 - 17相信信仰接收此宽限期本身就是上帝的恩赐。In his explanation of the third article of the Creed, Luther commented: "I believe that by my own reason or strength I cannot believe in Jesus Christ, my Lord, or come to him. But the Holy Spirit has called me through the Gospel, enlightened me with his gifts, and sanctified and preserved me in true faith."在他的信条第三条的解释,路德说:“我相信,通过我自己的原因或力量,我可以不相信耶稣基督,我的主,或到他,但圣灵呼吁通过福音我。开明与他的礼物我,真正的圣洁并保存在我的信仰。“

The same teaching was embodied in his Bondage of the Will, where he affirmed, "Man's will is like a beast standing between two riders. 同样的教学,是在他的遗嘱,他肯定奴役体现,“人的意志就像是两个车手站在兽。

If God rides, it wills and does what God wills.如果神骑,它的意志和上帝的意志做什么If Satan rides, it wills and goes where Satan wills.如果撒旦游乐设施,它的意志,去哪里撒旦遗嘱。Nor may it choose to which rider it will run, or which it will seek; but the riders themselves fight to decide who shall have and hold it."也可能会选择哪个车手它将运行,或将寻求,但自己打的选手决定谁应具有并保持它。“

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Luther regarded repentance as the work of God in man, citing such texts as Acts 5:31 and 2 Tim.路德认为上帝在人的工作悔改,理由为徒5:31和2蒂姆这些文本。2:25.2:25。While the human will was free in civil matters, concerning spiritual choices it was bound in sin.虽然人的意志是自由的民事案件,有关精神的选择是必然的罪恶​​。This view was reflected in the Formula of Concord, which stated that "man of himself, or from his natural powers, cannot contribute anything or help to his conversion, and that conversion is not only in part, but altogether an operation, gift and present and work of the Holy Ghost alone, who accomplishes and effects it, by his virtue and power, through the Word, in the understanding, heart and will of man."这种观点是在协和,其中规定对自己,还是从他的自然权力,“人公式反映,不能贡献什么或协助他的转换,而转换不是部分而已,但altogether操作,礼品和现在和圣灵的孤独,谁完成的治疗效果,他的美德和力量吧,在了解,心脏,通过Word,和人的意志的工作。“

The implication of this doctrine is that if one is saved, it is entirely the work of God; if one is lost, it is entirely the fault of man, who, while not free to accept the gospel, is by nature able to reject it.这个学说的含义是,如果一个是保存,它完全是上帝的工作,如果有丢失,它完全是人,谁,而不得随意接受福音,自然是能拒绝它的故障。 Calvin developed his theology in a different direction.卡尔文在不同的发展方向,他的神学。Like Luther, upholding the sovereignty of God in conversion, Calvin differed from the German Reformer in affirming the perseverance of the saints (Luther felt it was possible to fall from grace) and in teaching that the lost were condemned because God willed them lost (damnation was a theological, not an anthropological, mystery, as it had been for Luther).路德一样,坚持在转换上帝的主权,卡尔文在肯定不同的圣人毅力(路德认为这是可能的失宠),并在教学中失去了神的谴责,因为他们失去了意志(诅咒来自德国改革者是神学,而不是一个人类学,神秘,因为它已被用于路德)。 Differing from both Calvin and Luther was the predominant position of the Roman Catholic Church, that grace plus faith (itself a good work) brought conversion.来自加尔文和路德不同的是罗马天主教会的主导地位,即宽限期加上信仰(本身就是一种良好的工作)带来的转换。 Later Protestants such as James Arminius and John Wesley stressed human responsibility as well as divine sovereignty in the matter of conversion.如詹姆斯亚米纽斯和约翰卫斯理后来新教徒强调在转换的问题人的责任,以及神圣的主权。

CG Fry CG弗莱
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary)(Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 参考书目
DWH Arnold and CG Fry, The Way, the Truth, and the Life: An Introduction to Lutheran Christianity; JT Mueller, Christian Dogmatics; L Berkhof, Systematic Theology. DWH阿诺德和CG弗莱,道路,真理和生命:路德基督教导言; JT穆勒,基督教教义,L伯克霍夫,系统神学。

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