General Information 一般信息

Docetism is a heresy concerning the person of Jesus Christ. The word is derived from the Greek dokeo, meaning "to seem" or "to appear." According to Docetism, the eternal Son of God did not really become human or suffer on the cross; he only appeared to do so. The heresy arose in a Hellenistic milieu and was based on a Dualism which held that the material world is either unreal or positively evil.幻影說是邪教有關耶穌基督的人。一詞源於希臘dokeo,意思是“似乎”或“出現。” 根據幻影說,永恆的上帝的兒子並沒有真正成為人類或在十字架上受苦,他才出現這樣做。出現的異端在希臘環境,是一個二元論的基礎上認為,物質世界是虛幻的或積極或邪惡。 Tendencies to spiritualize Christ by denying his real humanity were already present in New Testament times.基督精神化的傾向,否認了他真正的人類已出現在新約時代。

The Johannine Epistles addressed the problem several times (1 John 4:2 - 3; 2 John 7). Docetic teachings were also advanced by the 2d - century proponents of Gnosticism and were combatted by the 2d - century church fathers, especially by Ignatius of Antioch and Irenaeus. 該johannine書信解決的問題幾次(約翰一書4:2 - 3;約翰二書7)。Docetic教誨還先進的二維-世紀支持者諾斯替主義並對抗通脹的二維-世紀教堂的父親,尤其是依納爵安提阿和愛任紐。 The fathers based their defense of the true Incarnation of the Son of God on the Old Testament doctrine of creation, according to which the material world is neither unreal nor evil but basically good.根據自己的父親辯護的真正化身上帝的兒子在舊約主義創作,根據該物質世界既不是虛幻的,也不邪惡的,但基本上是好的。

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Reginald H Fuller雷吉納爾德 Ĥ富勒


Advanced Information 先進的信息

Docetism is a term used to refer to a theological perspective among some in the early church who regarded the sufferings and the human aspects of Christ as imaginary or apparent instead of being part of a real incarnation.幻影說是一個術語來指在一些神學觀點在早期教會誰把痛苦和人力方面的基督作為虛構的或明顯的一部分,而不是被一個真正的化身。 The basic thesis of such docetics was that if Christ suffered he was not divine, and if he was God he could not suffer. The combination of the two natures, Son of David and Son of God, affirmed by Paul in Rom.在這種docetics基本論點是,如果基督遭受他不是神,他是上帝,如果他無法承受。這種組合的兩個性質,兒子大衛和上帝的兒子,肯定了保羅在ROM。 1:3 - 4 was apparently already under attack in the Johannine community (see 1 John 4:2; 2 John 7). 1:3 - 4顯然已經受到攻擊的johannine的社區(見約翰一書4:2;約翰二書7)。 Docetic thinking became an integral part of the perspectives of Gnostics, who viewed Jesus as the alien messenger from outside the present evil world and one who was untouched by the evil creator. Docetic思想成為不可分割的一部分的諾斯替教派的觀點,誰看耶穌作為外來使者以外的罪惡的世界,一個誰沒有受到邪惡的創造者。 This alien Jesus came to awaken Gnostics to their destiny outside the realm of creation.耶穌來到這個陌生喚醒諾斯替他們的命運以外的領域創造的。 While the framers of the Apostles' and Nicene Creeds were opposed to docetic teaching and clearly assumed the two natures of Jesus, the drafters of the Definition of Chalcedon (451 AD) made explicit the Christian teaching concerning Jesus Christ as "truly God and truly man."雖然起草者的使徒'和尼西亞信條是反對docetic教學,並明確承擔了兩個性質的耶穌,起草人的定義,卡爾西(451年)作出明確的基督教教學有關耶穌基督為“真正的上帝和真正的男人“。

GL Borchert吉爾博徹特

(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (埃爾韋爾福音字典)

Bibliography 書目
JND Kelly, Early Christian Doctrines. JND的凱利,早期基督教教義。

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