Erastianism 國家全能

General Information 一般信息

The idea of absolute state primacy over the church is known as Erastianism. The doctrine derives its name from Thomas Erastus (1524 - 83), a Swiss Protestant theologian and physician involved in a controversy over the right of Calvinist religious leaders to excommunicate sinners or doctrinal deviates.這個想法絕對優先於國家的教會被稱為Erastianism。該學說源於它的名字從托馬斯伊拉斯塔斯(1524 - 83),瑞士新教神學家和醫生參與了爭議的權利,加爾文主義的宗教領袖被逐出教會的罪人或教義偏離。 He held that only the state could punish such offenders because civil authorities had final jurisdiction in all areas, even in matters such as excommunication.他認為,只有國家可以懲罰這些罪犯,因為民事當局最後管轄的所有領域,甚至在罰等事項。

From 1558, Erastus was a professor at Heidelberg, where he opposed the efforts of Caspar Olevianus to enforce a Calvinist form of church discipline as practiced in Geneva.從1558年,伊拉斯塔斯是海德堡教授,他反對的努力卡斯帕Olevianus形式強制執行加爾文教會紀律,實行在日內瓦舉行。 His Latin book of 75 theses on the subject was published in London in 1589, and appeared in an English translation in 1659 as The Nullity of Church Censures.他的拉丁書中關於這一主題的75篇論文發表在1589年在倫敦,並出現在英文譯本在1659年作為無效制度的教會責難。 The book had a powerful influence on the English theories of state control over the church during the 17th century.書中有一個強大的影響力對英語國家控制理論在教堂在17世紀。 The theory of church - state relations, to which the name Erastianism is given, usually goes well beyond the authority Erastus would have granted to the state.該理論的教會-國家關係,對此給出的名稱Erastianism,通常遠遠超出當局伊拉斯塔斯將授予國家。

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Erastianism Erastianism

Advanced Information 先進的信息

Erastianism takes its name from Thomas Erastus (1524 - 83), who was born at Baden, studied theology at Basel, and later medicine, becoming professor of medicine at Heidelberg. Erastianism得名托馬斯伊拉斯塔斯(1524 - 83),誰是出生於巴登,學習神學,在巴塞爾,後來醫藥,成為海德堡的醫學教授。 He was a friend of Beza and Bullinger and was a Zwinglian.他是一個朋友的貝薩和布凌格,是一個Zwinglian。

A controversy arose in Heidelberg over the powers of the presbytery. Erastus emphasized strongly the right of the state to intervene in ecclesiastical matters.一個爭議出現在海德堡在權力的長老。伊拉斯塔斯強調強烈的權利,國家干預教會事務。 He held that the church has no scriptural authority to excommunicate any of its members.他認為,教會沒有聖經的權威,以破門其任何成員。 As God has entrusted to the civil magistrate (ie, the state) the sum total of the visible government, the church in a Christian country has no power of repression distinct from the state.如同上帝賦予民事裁判官(即國家)的總和,有形政府,教會在基督教國家沒有權力鎮壓不同的狀態。 To have two visible authorities in a country would be absurd.有兩個明顯的當局在一個國家將是荒謬的。 The church can merely warn or censure offenders.這座教堂可以只警告或譴責罪犯。 Punitive action belongs to the civil magistrate alone.懲罰性行動屬於民事裁判官孤單。 The church has no right to withhold the sacraments from offenders.該教會無權截留聖禮從罪犯。

In practice, the term "Erastianism" is somewhat what elastic.在實踐中,術語“Erastianism”有點什麼彈性。 Figgis calls it "the theory that religion is the creature of the state." Generally it signifies that the state is supreme in ecclesiastical causes, but Erastus dealt only with the disciplinary powers of the church.菲吉斯稱它為“的理論,宗教是動物的狀態。”一般來說,標誌著國家是至高無上的宗教原因,但伊拉斯塔斯只處理紀律處分權力的教會。 When the Roman emperors became Christian, the relations of civil and ecclesiastical rulers became a real problem.當基督教成為羅馬的皇帝,民間的關係和教會統治者變成一個真正的問題。 It became universally accepted until modern times that the state could punish heretics or put them to death.它成為普遍接受的,直到近代,國家可以懲罰異端,或把死刑。

The name Erastian emerged in England in the Westminister Assembly (1643) when outstanding men like Selden and Whitelocke advocated the supremacy of the state over the church.這個名字Erastian出現在英國的威斯敏斯特大會(1643年)傑出的男人都喜歡當塞爾登和Whitelocke主張霸權國家對教會。 The assembly rejected this view and decided that church and state have their separate but coordinate spheres, each supreme in its own province but bound to cooperate with one another for the glory of God.大會駁斥這種觀點,並決定教會與國家分開,但有其協調領域,在自己的每一個省最高,但一定要相互合作,為神的榮耀。

AM Renwick上午倫威克
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (埃爾韋爾福音字典)

Bibliography 書目
W Cunningham, Historical Theology; JN Figgis, "Erastus and Erastianism," JTS 2. W坎寧安,歷史神學;若望菲吉斯,“伊拉斯塔斯和Erastianism,”JTS的2。

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