Sola Fide, Solafidianism索拉善意, Solafidianism

General Information 一般信息

Martin Luther proclaimed a message of divine promise and denounced the human merits through which, he feared, most Catholics thought they were earning the favor of God.馬丁路德宣布了一項神聖的信息承諾,並譴責人類通過它的優點,他擔心,大多數的天主教徒認為他們贏得上帝的青睞。

Lutheranism soon became more than the experience of Luther, but it never deviated from his theme that people are made right with God sola gratia and sola fide - that is, only by the divine initiative of grace as received through God's gift of faith. Because Luther came across his discoveries by reading the Bible, he also liked to add to his motto the exhortation sola scriptura, which means that Lutherans are to use the Bible alone as the source and norm for their teachings.路德教很快就超過了路德的經驗,但它從來沒有偏離他的主題,是人民的權利與上帝惟獨惟獨特惠和真誠-這是, 只有神聖的倡議,寬限期為收到上帝的禮物的信念。由於路德碰到他發現,通過閱讀聖經,他還喜歡添加到他的座右銘的告誡唯獨聖經,這意味著路德會是使用單獨聖經的來源和規範他們的教誨。

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Sola Fide - Sola Gratia - Sola Scriptura索拉善意-索拉特惠-唯獨聖經

General Information 一般信息

Martin Luther began the Protestant Reformation based on the concepts of these three Latin phrases.馬丁路德開始了新教改革的基礎上的概念,這三個拉美詞組。

Sola Gratia means "by Divine Grace alone".索拉特惠手段“的神聖恩典獨立” 。 That means that people cannot "earn" their way into Heaven by "Good Works" but are entirely dependent on the Generosity and Grace of God for it.這意味著,人們不能“賺”進入天堂的“好作品” ,但完全依賴的慷慨和上帝的恩典的。 This eliminated the value of "human merits" and said that God Alone could affect that outcome.這消除了價值的“人類的優點” ,並說,只有上帝可能會影響到這一結果。

Sola Fide means "by Faith alone".索拉善意的意思是“單獨的信仰。 ” This refers to the "human" side of the above concept.這是指“人”方面的上述概念。 Since people could not actively "earn" their way into Heaven, this statement was necessary to describe exactly what requirement actually applies to us.由於人們無法積極“賺”進入天堂,這一聲明是必要的描述正是要求實際上適用於我們。 It essentially says that we each must totally accept that the Lord is God, that He is the Only God, and that the person recognizes His Atonement as freeing mankind to be able to accept Him.它基本上是說,我們每個國家都必須完全接受上帝是上帝,他是唯一的真神,並且認識他的人贖罪的解放全人類,才能接受他。 When a person deeply believes that, it fulfills the human responsibility, which then encourages the Lord to provide His Grace.當一個人深信,它符合人的責任,然後鼓勵主提供他的恩典。

Usually, a third Latin phrase is associated with those two, Sola Scriptura, which means "by the Bible alone".通常情況下,第三句話是拉丁美洲與這兩個,唯獨聖經,意思是“聖經的獨立” 。 Rather than trusting any human to provide information about important religious information, that statement means to ONLY rely on what the Sacred Scripture says.而不是相信任何人提供信息,介紹重要的宗教信息,該聲明的手段只能依靠什麼聖經說。

Martin Luther had discovered these things IN the Bible, and that's why he added this last phrase.馬丁路德發現這些東西在聖經中,這就是為什麼他說這最後一句。 Before that, there had developed the process of "Indulgences" where wealthy people could give large amounts of money to the Church (supposedly a "Good Work") in exchange for a guarantee of getting into Heaven.在此之前,有發達的過程中“ Indulgences ”在富有的人可能會大量金錢的教堂(所謂的“好工作” ) ,以換取保證進入天堂。 Luther was pointing out that such a procedure had no value in the Mind of God, and that, more generally, we really have no "say" in the matter of what God chooses to do with each of us.路德是指出,這樣的程序已經沒有任何價值在上帝的心靈,而且,更一般地說,我們真的沒“說”在這件事是上帝選擇跟我們每一個人。

Solafidianism (Lat. sola fide - faith alone) Solafidianism ( Lat.惟獨真誠-真誠單獨)

Advanced Information 先進的信息

The doctrine that salvation is by faith only . 該學說認為救恩是唯一的信仰 The term emerged as a consequence of Luther's translation of Rom.這個詞成為一個後果路德翻譯的ROM 。 3:28 in which he added the word "alone" to the phrase "man is justified by faith [alone] apart from works of the Law" (NASB). 3點28分他在信中說,改為“獨立”的短語“人是有正當理由的信念[獨立]除了工程法” (科學院) 。 He was severely castigated for this, but Erasmus defended him.他嚴厲批評了這一點,但伊拉斯謨辯護。 The translation is justifiable in view of the only alternative, namely justification by works, which Paul expressly repudiated.翻譯是正當的,鑑於唯一的選擇,即由工程的理由,其中保羅明確否定。 The Council of Trent (1545 - 63), on the other hand, vigorously opposed Luther's translation and all that it implied by declaring: "If anyone saith that justifying faith is nothing else than confidence in the divine mercy which remits sins for Christ's sake, or that this confidence alone is that whereby we are justified, let him be anathema" (Session 6, Can. 12).安理會的遄達( 1545年至1563年) ,另一方面,堅決反對路德的翻譯和所有,它隱含的宣布: “如果任何人必是有理由的信仰是沒有別的比信心的神聖慈悲的職權罪孽基督的緣故,或信心,這僅僅是使我們的理由,讓他被詛咒“ (第6屆,可以。 12 ) 。

Implicit in solafidianism is the doctrine of divine monergism, which declares that man's salvation is totally dependent upon God's activity and is in no way conditioned by the action of man.隱在solafidianism是理論的神聖monergism ,其中宣布,男子的救恩是完全依賴上帝的活動,絕不是條件所採取的行動的人。 Man's choice of sin has rendered him incapable of spiritual action; he is spiritually dead.人的選擇的罪孽,使他無法行動的精神,他是精神上的死亡。 Unless rescued by a source outside himself, he would eternally perish in this state.除非救出外源本人,他將永遠消失在這個狀態。 God has taken the initiative by restoring mankind to himself through the death of Christ (Christ's passive obedience to the law), which removes man's guilt, and by imputing Christ's righteousness (which he achieved while on earth through his active obedience to the law) to those who believe.上帝已採取行動恢復人類通過對自己死亡的基督(基督的被動服從法律) ,它消除人的罪責,並估算基督的義(他取得了在地球上,而通過他的積極服從法律)誰相信這些。 Saving faith is not an innate quality of fallen man but a gift of God (Eph. 2:8; Phil. 1:29) communicated through hearing the gospel (Rom. 10:17).節水的信仰是不是一種與生俱來的質量下降的人,而是上帝的禮物(以弗所書二點零八;菲爾。 1時29分)通過聽證會傳達福音(羅馬書10時17分) 。 The ordo salutis ("order of salvation") is God's activity in grace from inception to consummation. Understandably solafidianism is opposed to Pelagianism, semi - Pelagianism, and synergism, all of which attribute justification or the apprehension of it, in one way or another, to the action of man.薩魯提斯的秩序( “為了拯救” )是上帝的恩典活動從開始到圓滿。理解solafidianism反對Pelagianism ,半-P elagianism,並協同作用,所有這些屬性的理由或逮捕它,在一種或另一種方式,所採取的行動的人。

FR Harm法國危害
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (規矩福音字典)

Bibliography 目錄
L Berkhof, Systematic Theology; EL Lueker, Lutheran Cyclopedia, 726; FE Mayer, The Religious Bodies of America; CS Meyer, NIDCC , 914; F Pieper, Christian Dogmatics, II; AH Strong, Systematic Theology; HC Thiessen, Lectures in Systematic Theology. L Berkhof ,系統神學;發光Lueker ,信義Cyclopedia , 726 ;有限元邁爾,在宗教機構合眾國;政務司司長梅耶, NIDCC , 914 ,女皮珀,基督教教義學,二;的AH強,系統神學;慧聰泰森,在系統講座神學。

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