General Information 一般資料

The biblical patriarch Isaac was the promised son of the aged Abraham and Sarah and the father by Rebecca of the twins Esau and Jacob.聖經牧艾薩克是答應兒子的年齡亞伯拉罕和Sarah和父親由麗貝卡的雙胞胎以掃及雅各。 When Isaac was a boy, he was almost sacrificed by his obedient father, but God spared the boy.艾薩克的時候,是一個男孩,他幾乎犧牲了,他順從父親,但上帝倖免於男孩。 This story (Genesis 22) may illustrate ancient Israel's rejection of child sacrifice.這個故事說( 22 )可以說明古代以色列的排斥反應的兒童犧牲。 Serving as a bridge in the patriarchal tradition, Isaac is also an important character in the Jacob story.作為一個橋樑,在重男輕女的傳統,艾薩克亦是一個重要特徵,在雅各布的故事。 According to Genesis 27, Jacob and his mother, Rebecca, deceived the old and feeble Isaac into giving his final blessing to Jacob instead of the firstborn Esau.根據成因27日,雅各布和他的母親,麗貝卡,騙得了年老體衰,以撒到給他的最後祝福雅各不是頭生以掃。 In the Bible, God is called the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.在聖經中,上帝是所謂的神,亞伯拉罕,以撒,雅各。

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Isaac, laughter.艾薩克,笑聲不斷。

(1.) Israel, or the kingdom of the ten tribes (Amos 7:9, 16). ( 1 )以色列,或者英國的十個部落(阿莫斯7時09分, 16 ) 。

(2.) The only son of Abraham by Sarah. ( 2 )唯一的兒子,亞伯拉罕是由莎拉。 He was the longest lived of the three patriarchs (Gen. 21: 1-3).他是最長的住了3個patriarchs (創21 : 1-3 ) 。 He was circumcised when eight days old (4-7); and when he was probably two years old a great feast was held in connection with his being weaned.他接受割禮的時候,八天歲( 4-7 ) ,而當他大概兩歲大盛宴舉行了有關他被斷奶。 The next memorable event in his life is that connected with the command of God given to Abraham to offer him up as a sacrifice on a mountain in the land of Moriah (Gen.22).下一個值得紀念的事件是他人生中的是與指揮上帝給亞伯拉罕向他提供了一個犧牲,就在山中的土地moriah ( gen.22 ) 。

When he was forty years of age Rebekah was chosen for his wife (Gen. 24).當他為40歲以下的rebekah被選定為他的妻子(創24 ) 。 After the death and burial of his father he took up his residence at Beer-lahai-roi (25:7-11), where his two sons, Esau and Jacob, were born (21-26), the former of whom seems to have been his favourite son (27,28).去世後,葬在他的父親,他接手他的住所在啤酒lahai -投資回報率( 25:7-11 ) ,在那裡他的兩個兒子,以掃及雅各,出生( 21-26 ) ,前者的人,似乎被他寵愛的兒子( 27,28 ) 。 In consequence of a famine (Gen. 26:1) Isaac went to Gerar, where he practised deception as to his relation to Rebekah, imitating the conduct of his father in Egypt (12:12-20) and in Gerar (20:2).在後果的嚴重飢荒(創26:1 )以撒到gerar ,他在那裡實行的欺騙,因為他的關係,以rebekah ,模仿的行為,他的父親在埃及( 12:12-20 ) ,並在gerar ( 20時02分) 。 The Philistine king rebuked him for his prevarication.該市儈國王斥責他,為他推諉責任。 After sojourning for some time in the land of the Philistines, he returned to Beersheba, where God gave him fresh assurance of covenant blessing, and where Abimelech entered into a covenant of peace with him. sojourning後,有一段時間是在土地的philistines年,他回到貝爾謝巴,如果上帝給了他新鮮的保證公約的祝福,並在亞比米勒進入了一個盟約的和平與他的。

The next chief event in his life was the blessing of his sons (Gen. 27:1).下任事件在他的一生的祝福,他的兒子(創27:1 ) 。 He died at Mamre, "being old and full of days" (35:27-29), one hundred and eighty years old, and was buried in the cave of Machpelah.他死在mamre , "老而充滿天" ( 35:27-29 ) ,一百八十年歲,被掩埋在山洞的machpelah 。 In the New Testament reference is made to his having been "offered up" by his father (Heb. 11:17; James 2:21), and to his blessing his sons (Heb. 11:20).在新約聖經中提到了他被"優惠" ,由他的父親(希伯來書11:17 ;詹姆斯2時21分) ,並在他的祝福,他的兒子(希伯來書11:20 ) 。 As the child of promise, he is contrasted with Ishmael (Rom. 9:7, 10; Gal. 4:28; Heb. 11:18).由於兒童的諾言,他是對比與伊斯梅爾(羅馬書9時07分, 10歲;加爾。 4時28分;以弗所書11:18 ) 。 Isaac is "at once a counterpart of his father in simple devoutness and purity of life, and a contrast in his passive weakness of character, which in part, at least, may have sprung from his relations to his mother and wife. After the expulsion of Ishmael and Hagar, Isaac had no competitor, and grew up in the shade of Sarah's tent, moulded into feminine softness by habitual submission to her strong, loving will."艾薩克是"一次對口的他的父親在簡單devoutness和純潔性,貼近生活,反差在他的軟弱被動的性格,其中部分原因,至少是有可能異軍突起,從他的關係給他的母親和妻子後驅逐出境的伊斯梅爾和hagar ,艾薩克沒有競爭對手,並生長在樹蔭下莎拉的帳篷裡,塑造成女性的柔軟度是由慣性提交給她的強烈,愛將" 。

His life was so quiet and uneventful that it was spent "within the circle of a few miles; so guileless that he let Jacob overreach him rather than disbelieve his assurance; so tender that his mother's death was the poignant sorrow of years; so patient and gentle that peace with his neighbours was dearer than even such a coveted possession as a well of living water dug by his own men; so grandly obedient that he put his life at his father's disposal; so firm in his reliance on God that his greatest concern through life was to honour the divine promise given to his race."他的生命是如此安靜和平淡,它是用於"內部循環幾英里,因此, guileless ,他讓雅各布超越他,而不是根本就不相信他的保證,因此,投標,他的母親去世,是十分沉重的悲哀來,所以病人和溫柔,和平與他的鄰居是昂貴甚至比這樣一個覬覦擁有一個良好的生活用水挖,由他自己的男人,所以堂而皇之地聽話,他把他的生命在他父親的處置;如此堅定的,他依靠上帝的,他最關心的透過生活是履行神聖的承諾,給他的種族" 。 Geikie's Hours, etc. geikie的時間等。

(Easton Illustrated Dictionary) (伊斯頓說明字典)


Catholic Information 天主教資訊

The son of Abraham and Sara.兒子亞伯拉罕和薩拉。 The incidents of his life are told in Genesis 15-35, in a narrative the principal parts of which are traced back by many scholars to three several documents (J, E, P) utilized in the composition of the Book of Genesis (see ABRAHAM).該事件是他一生都在告訴成因15-35 ,在一個敘事的主要部分是追溯到不少學者,以三數個文件組成(十,電子商務, p )的利用,組成這本書的起源(見亞伯拉罕) 。

According to Genesis 17:17; 18:12; 21:6, his name means: "he laughs".根據成因17時17分; 18時12分; 21時06分,他的名字的意思是: "他笑說" 。 He was circumcised eight days after his birth, weaned in due time, and proclaimed the sole legal ancestor of the chosen people (21:1-12).他是包皮的八天,在他出生後,斷奶在適當時候,宣布的唯一合法祖先所選擇的人( 21:1-12 ) 。 His early years were spent in Bersabee, whence he was taken by his father to Mount Moria to be offered up in sacrifice, and whither he returned after his life had been miraculously spared (21:33; 22:19).他早年都用在bersabee ,何時會有他被帶到他的父親摩moria行將提供了犧牲,並著他回來後,他的生命已奇蹟般地倖免( 21時33分; 22時19分) 。 His mother died when he was thirty-six years of age (cf. Genesis 17:17; 23:1).他的母親去世時,他三十六年的年齡(參見成因17時17分; 23時01分) 。 A few years later, he married Rebecca, Bathuel's daughter, whom one of his father's servants had, according to Abraham's directions, brought from Mesopotamia (24).幾年後,他結婚麗貝卡, bathuel的女兒,其中一人在他的父親的勤務員了,根據亞伯拉罕的方向,帶來了從美索不達米亞平原( 24個) 。 The union took place in "the south country", where Isaac then lived, and continued to live after he had joined with Ismael in committing the body of Abraham to burial in the cave of Machpelah (24:62, 67; 25:7-11).該聯盟發生在"南方國家" ,那裡艾薩克則住,並繼續生活後,他加入了與伊斯梅爾在華的屍體亞伯拉罕到埋葬在洞窟machpelah ( 24:62 , 67歲; 25:7 - 11 ) 。 Many years elapsed before Isaac's longing entreaty to God for children was actually heard.許多年過去了,才艾薩克的嚮往entreaty上帝為兒童,實際上是聽到。 Of the twins to whom she then gave birth, Esau was beloved by Isaac, while Jacob was Rebecca's favourite (25:21-28).對雙胞胎的人,她則誕生了,以掃是敬愛的,由以撒,雅各則是麗貝卡的最愛( 25:21-28 ) 。 Drought and famine made it necessary for Isaac to take the road down to Egypt, but, at Yahweh's bidding, he stopped on his way thither and sojourned in Gerara, where an incident similar to that of Abraham's disavowal of Sara is recorded of him (26:1-11).旱災和飢荒,使得有必要為艾薩克採取道路下降到埃及,但在雅威的招投標,他停止了對他的方式上去,並sojourned在gerara ,凡有類似事件,可說是亞伯拉罕宣布拒絕的薩拉是有記錄的他( 26 :1 - 11 ) 。 We are told next how, through envy of Isaac's prosperity as a husbandman and a herdsman, the Philistines among whom he dwelt began petty persecutions, which the Hebrew patriarch bore patiently, but on account of which he finally withdrew to Bersabee.有人告訴我們,未來如何透過羨慕的艾薩克的繁榮,作為一個husbandman和一個牧民, philistines其中副部長白景富就開始零用迫害,其中希伯來語牧膛耐心,但考慮到他在最後撤回bersabee 。 There he was favoured with a new vision from Yahweh, and entered a solemn covenant with Abimelech, King of Gerara (26:12-33).在那裡,他是主張以新的視野,從雅威,並進入了一個莊嚴的盟約,與亞比米勒國王gerara ( 26:12-33 ) 。 During the last years of Isaac's career, there occurred the well-known incident of his conferring upon Jacob the Divine blessing, which he had always intended for Esau (27), followed by Isaac's concern to protect Jacob from his brother's resentment and to secure for him a wife from his mother's kindred in Mesopotamia (28:1-5).在過去數年中,以撒的職業生涯中,曾發生了著名的事件,他授予後,雅各的神的祝福,這是他一直打算以掃( 27 ) ,其次是艾薩克的關注,以保護雅各從他的弟弟的不滿,並爭取到他的妻子從他的母親的骨肉,在美索不達米亞( 28:1-5 ) 。 After Jacob's return, Isaac died at the age of one hundred and eighty, and was buried by his sons in the cave of Machpelah (35:27-29; 49:31).之後,雅各布的回報,艾薩克去世,當時年僅180 ,被掩埋,由他的兒子在洞窟machpelah ( 35:27-29 ; 49:31 ) 。 As delineated in Genesis, the figure of Isaac is much less striking than that of Abraham, his father.作為劃定的成因,這一數字艾薩克要少得多,醒目比亞伯拉罕的,他的父親。 Yet, by his manner of life, always quiet, gentle, guileless, faithful to God's guidance, he ever was the worthy heir and transmitter of the glorious promises made to Abraham.然而,用他自己的方式生活,永遠是安靜,溫柔, guileless ,忠實於神的帶領,他是當之無愧的繼承者和傳播輝煌作出了承諾亞伯拉罕。 He was pre-eminently a man of peace, the fitting type of the Prince of Peace, whose great sacrifice on Mount Calvary was foreshadowed by Isaac's obedience unto death on Mount Moria.他是前遙不可及,一名男子在和平,裝修類的和平王子,他們的巨大犧牲,對摩calvary是預示艾薩克的服從性,以至於死山moria 。 The New Testament contains few, but significant references to Isaac (cf. Matthew 8:11; Luke 12:28; 20:37; Romans 9:7; Galatians 4:28; Hebrews 11:17 sqq.; James 2:21).新約聖經包含數,但意義重大的參考艾薩克(參見馬修8時11分;路加福音12:28 ; 20時37分;入鄉隨俗9時07分;加拉太4時28分;希伯來11:17 sqq ;詹姆斯2時21分) 。

The legends and various details concerning Isaac which are found in the Talmud and in Rabbinical writings are of no historical value.傳說和各種細節艾薩克是在猶太法典,並在猶太教的著作都是沒有歷史價值。

Publication information Written by Francis E. Gigot.出版信息寫弗朗西斯體育gigot 。 Transcribed by Sean Hyland.轉錄由Sean海侖。 The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII.天主教百科全書,音量八。 Published 1910. 1910年出版。 New York: Robert Appleton Company.紐約:羅伯特Appleton還公司。 Nihil Obstat, October 1, 1910. nihil obstat , 1910年10月1日。 Remy Lafort, STD, Censor.人頭馬lafort ,性病,檢查員。 Imprimatur. imprimatur 。 +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York +約翰farley樞機主教,大主教紐約

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