Disciples of Christ基督的門徒

Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), Campbellites基督教(基督信徒) , Campbellites

General Information 一般信息

The Disciples of Christ, or Christian Church, is part of the largest religious movement to have originated in the United States.門徒是耶穌,或基督教教會,是最大的宗教運動源於美國。 The church numbers approximately 1.1 million members in the United States and Canada, and does overseas work in many other countries.教堂的人數約110萬成員在美國和加拿大,而且海外的工作在許多其他國家。 The church had its beginnings in Kentucky and western Pennsylvania in 1804 - 09.教會開始了其在肯塔基州和賓夕法尼亞州西部在1804至09年。

Kentucky Presbyterian minister Barton W Stone and others who shared his liberal views on pulpit freedom and on associations across denominational lines withdrew from the Presbyterians to become "Christian only."肯塔基州長老部長巴頓W斯通和其他誰同意他的自由派觀點的講壇上自由協會和各地教會線退出長老,成為“基督教只。 ” Pennsylvanian Thomas Campbell split with the Presbyterians over his right to serve the Lord's Supper to Christians of different persuasions.賓夕法尼亞托馬斯坎貝爾分裂的長老,他發球權的上帝的晚餐基督徒不同的信仰。 The two groups united in 1832 as Campbell's son Alexander Campbell became the prominent figure in the movement.這兩個集團在1832年美國坎貝爾的兒子亞歷山大坎貝爾成為著名人物的運動。

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In the 20th century there have been two separations: finding the "law" of Christian life exclusively in the New Testament, the Churches of Christ objected to musical instruments in worship and officially withdrew in 1906; the North American Christian Convention, another conservative faction, pulled away gradually between 1926 and 1969 and became known as the Christian Churches and Churches of Christ.在20世紀有兩個離職:尋找“法律”的基督徒的生活只在新約聖經的基督教會反對樂器崇拜和正式撤回於1906年,北美基督教公約,另一個保守的派別,逐漸退出了1926年之間和1969年,被稱為基督教會和基督教會。 In 1968 the mainstream of the Disciples of Christ restructured itself, with a General Assembly directing operations.在1968年的主流基督門徒重組本身,與大會指導行動。

Due to their origin as a protest against denominational exclusiveness, the Disciples are characterized by a commitment to interdenominational activity, autonomy in its levels of polity, and general liberality.由於其原產地為抗議教派的排斥,對弟子的特點是承諾interdenominational活動,在其自治程度的政體,和一般慷慨。 They claim to have no official doctrine; membership ordinarily requires only a confession of belief in Jesus Christ and subsequent baptism by immersion of its adult believers.他們聲稱有沒有正式的理論;成員通常只需要一個招供的信仰耶穌基督和隨後的洗禮浸泡的成年信徒。 The custom is to have the Lord's Supper central to every worship service and to have lay people regularly preside. Its General Assembly argues social, political, and moral positions with the understanding that no one can be bound by its decisions. The church has ordained women almost since its inception.自定義是有上帝的晚餐中央每禮拜服務,並已奠定基礎的人定期主持會議。及其大會認為社會,政治和道義上的立場的理解是,沒有人可以約束其決定。教會祝婦女幾乎自其成立以來。

Robert L Friedly羅伯特L Friedly

Bibliography 目錄
Garrison, WE, Christian Unity and the Disciples of Christ (1965).駐軍,我們團結和基督教的基督信徒( 1965年) 。

Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)基督教(基督信徒)

General Information 一般信息

The Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) is an American Protestant denomination that emerged during frontier revivals in early 19th-century Pennsylvania and Kentucky.基督教會(基督的門徒)是美國的新教教派期間出現邊界revivals早期19世紀的賓夕法尼亞州和肯塔基州。 Its founders hoped to serve as a unifying force among Protestants.其創始人希望充當凝聚力之間的新教徒。 The Bible, particularly the New Testament, is the sole ecclesiastical authority for the Disciples of Christ.聖經,特別是新約,是唯一的教會權威的基督門徒。 Church polity is congregational.教會政體的公理。

The founders of the Disciples were Thomas Campbell and his son Alexander Campbell, former Irish Presbyterian ministers.的創始人托馬斯門徒是坎貝爾和他的兒子亞歷山大坎貝爾,前愛爾蘭長老部長。 Their followers became known popularly as Campbellites, although they preferred to be known as Disciples of Christ.他們的追隨者被稱為民選作為Campbellites ,但他們更願意被稱為基督的門徒。 In 1809 Thomas Campbell founded the Christian Association of Washington County, Pennsylvania, which he based on a return to early Christian ideals.在1809年創辦托馬斯坎貝爾基督教協會華盛頓縣,賓夕法尼亞州,他的基礎上恢復早期基督教的理想。 In 1811 Alexander joined his father in forming a congregation at Brush Run, Pennsylvania, and from there the movement spread westward.亞歷山大在1811年加入他父親的形成,聚集在刷運行,賓夕法尼亞州,並從那裡運動向西蔓延。 In 1832 the Kentucky revivalist Barton Stone and most of his followers, called Christians, united with the Campbell group.在1832年肯塔基復興巴頓斯通和他的大部分追隨者,所謂的基督徒,團結與坎貝爾組。

Conflict arose among the Disciples during the second half of the 19th century.衝突發生之間的門徒在第二個19世紀下半葉。 Churches of conservative-minded Disciples withdrew in protest against the development of mission societies and the use in worship of instrumental music, which they felt to be unscriptural.教會的保守思想門徒退席抗議的發展使命的社會和使用的崇拜器樂,他們認為這是unscriptural 。 By 1906 the seceding groups had formed a separate denomination known as the Churches of Christ .到1906年的分裂集團成立了一個單獨的教派被稱為基督教會

The movement remained a loosely connected brotherhood until 1968.運動仍然是一個鬆散的聯繫,直到1968年的兄弟情誼。 The International Convention of Christian Churches was the coordinating organization under which state conventions and independent boards and agencies operated.該國際公約的基督教是協調組織根據該公約和國家獨立的董事會和經營機構。 In 1968, however, a restructure plan was adopted that strengthened the national framework. 1968年,然而,重組計劃獲得通過,加強國家的框架。 As a result, mission, education, and other agencies became coordinated through a general assembly; a biennial delegated assembly replaced the annual international convention, and an executive unit, called a general board, was established.因此,任務,教育和其他機構成為協調大會;兩年一次改為議會授予的年度國際公約和執行單位,一般稱為董事會,正式成立。 The names Christian Church and Disciples of Christ , which had been used alternatively, were combined to give the church its present name.姓名基督教教會基督信徒 ,其中已使用或者合併給予本教會的名稱。 Local congregations retained property rights, the right to call clergymen and determine worship and programs, and the liberty to determine how much they should contribute to national operations of the church. Nevertheless, 2768 congregations of the 8046 listed withdrew from the national organization.地方教會保留財產權利,有權要求神職人員,並確定崇拜和程序,以及自由,以確定有多少,他們應該有助於國家行動的教堂。儘管如此, 2768年教區的8046上市退出全國性組織。

Disciples recognize no formal creed.門徒承認沒有正式的信條。 Baptism is usually by immersion, although, in accepting members, the rite of other churches often is recognized.洗禮通常是通過浸泡,但在接受成員,成年禮的其他教會,常常是公認的。 Each congregation celebrates the Eucharist every Sunday as a memorial feast.每個教會慶祝聖體的每個星期日作為紀念盛宴。

The Christian Church is one of the most ecumenically minded denominations.基督教會是一個最ecumenically志同道合教派。 It participates in the World Council of Churches and the National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States of America.它參與了世界基督教協進會和全國基督教會在美利堅合眾國。 Often in the forefront in social action and mission work, the Disciples have a global network of missions coordinated by the United Christian Missionary Society. The church has pioneered in ecumenical theological education; in addition to its sponsorship of divinity houses at major nondenominational universities, it also maintains such institutions as Transylvania College (1780), in Lexington, Kentucky, and Bethany College (1840), in Bethany, West Virginia.往往在最前面,社會行動和使命的工作,門徒有一個全球性網絡的任務由聯合國協調的基督教傳教士協會。教堂率先在基督教神學教育;除了贊助神房屋主要nondenominational大學,它還等機構特蘭西瓦尼亞大學( 1780年) ,在肯塔基州列剋星敦和貝塔尼學院( 1840年) ,在伯大尼,西弗吉尼亞州。 One of the best-known publications of the Disciples of Christ is Christian Century (established in 1894), which has been a significant force in the American ecumenical movement.其中最有名的出版物的基督信徒是基督教世紀(成立於1894年) ,這已成為重要的力量在美國基督教運動。

Disciples of Christ基督的門徒

Catholic Information 天主教新聞

A sect founded in the United States of America by Alexander Campbell.一個教派成立於美利堅合眾國的亞歷山大坎貝爾。 Although the largest portion of his life and prodigious activity was spent in the United States Alexander Campbell was born, 12 September, 1788, in the County Antrim, Ireland.雖然最大的一部分他的生活和驚人的活動被用於在美國亞歷山大坎貝爾出生, 1788年9月12號,在安特里姆郡,愛爾蘭。 On his father's side he was of Scottish extraction; his mother, Jane Corneigle, was of Huguenot descent.在他父親身邊,他的蘇格蘭提取;他的母親,簡Corneigle ,這是胡格諾派後裔。 Both parents are reported to have been persons of deep piety and high literary culture.父母雙方報告,已深人虔誠和高文學的文化。 His father, after serving as minister to the Anti-Burgher Church in Ahorey and director of a prosperous academy at Richhill, emigrated to the United States and engaged in the oft-attempted and ever futile effort "to unite All Christians as one communion on a purely scriptural basis", the hallucination of so many noble minds, the only outcome of which must always be against the will of the Founder, to increase the discord of Christendom by the creation of a new sect.他的父親,在擔任部長的反Burgher教會Ahorey主任繁榮學院在Richhill ,移居美國,並參與多次試圖與以往任何時候都徒勞“團結一切作為一個基督徒的共融純粹的聖經基礎“的幻覺如此眾多的崇高思想,唯一的結果必須永遠是對的意志,方正,增加不和諧的基督教的建立一個新的節。 In 1808 Alexander embarked with the family to join his father, but was shipwrecked on the Scottish coast and took the opportunity to prepare himself for the ministry at the University of Glasgow.亞歷山大在1808年開始與家庭加入他的父親,但船在蘇格蘭海岸,並藉此機會為自己準備部在格拉斯哥大學。 In 1809 he migrated to the United States, and found in Washington County, Pennsylvania, the nucleus of the new movement in the "Christian Association of Washington", under the auspices of which was issued a "Declaration and Address", setting forth the objects of the association.他在1809年移民到美國,發現在華盛頓縣,核心的新的運動在“基督教協會華盛頓”的主持下,這是發出了“宣言和地址” ,規定的對象該協會。 It was proposed "to establish no new sect, but to persuade Christian to abandon party names and creeds, sectarian usages and denominational strifes, and associate in Christian fellowship, in the common faith in a divine Lord, with no other terms of religious communion than faith in and obedience to the Lord Jesus Christ". An independent church was formed at Brush Run on the principles of the association, and, 1 January, 1812, Alexander was "ordained".有人提議“建立任何新的節,而是要說服基督教放棄黨的名稱和信仰,宗派和教會的慣例strifes ,和準在團契,在共同的信仰在一個神聖的上帝,沒有其他條件的宗教共融的比信仰和服從主耶穌基督“ 。一個獨立的教會形成於刷上運行的原則,協會,以及1812年1月1日,亞歷山大是”祝“ 。 His earnestness is attested by the record of one hundred and six sermons preached in one year; but he wrecked every prospect of success by finding in his reading of the Scriptures the invalidity of infant baptism, and the necessity of baptism by immersion, thus excluding from the Christian discipleship the vast majority of believing Christians.他語重心長是證明了這創紀錄的106說教宣揚一年,但他破壞一切的成功機會找到他讀的聖經無效的嬰兒洗禮,並有必要的洗禮的浸泡,從而排除來自基督教門徒的絕大多數相信基督徒。 On 12 June, 1812, with his wife, father, mother, and three others, Alexander was rebaptized by immersion.在1812年6月12日,他與妻子,父親,母親,和其他三人,亞歷山大是rebaptized的浸泡。 Nothing was left him now but to seek association with one or other of the numerous Baptist sects.什麼都沒有留下,但他現在尋求與一個或其他的眾多教派浸信會。 This he did, but with the proviso that he should be allowed to preach and teach whatever he learned from the Holy Scripture.這他,但條件是,應該允許他宣揚和傳授他的經驗教訓無論從聖經。 The Baptists never took him cordially; and in 1817, after five years of herculean labours, his followers, whom he wished to be known by the appellation of "Disciples of Christ", but who were generally styled "Campbellites", numbered only one hundred and fifty persons.在浸禮會永遠把他親切;並在1817年,經過5年的艱鉅的勞動,他的追隨者,他希望能知道稱謂的“基督門徒” ,但誰普遍稱為“ Campbellites ” ,編號為100只和50人。 Campbell's mission as a messenger of peace was a failure; as time went on he developed a polemical nature, and became a sharp critic in speech and in writing of the weaknesses and vagaries of the Protestant sects.坎貝爾的任務作為和平使者是一個失敗;隨著時間的流逝,他制定了一個有爭議的性質,成為一個尖銳地批評言語和書面的弱點和變化莫測的新教教派。 Only once did he come in direct contact with the Catholics, on the occasion of his five days' debate, in 1837, with Archbishop Purcell of Cincinnati, which excited great interest at the time but is now forgotten.只有一次,他直接接觸的天主教徒,以紀念他5天的辯論,在1837年,裴熙亮與大主教辛辛那提,這極大的興趣興奮的時候,但現在忘了。 His sixty volumes are of no interest.他第六十一卷是沒有興趣。 Campbell was twice married and was the father of twelve children.坎貝爾曾兩次結婚,是父親的12個孩子。 He died at Bethany, West Virginia, where he had established a seminary, 4 March, 1866.他死在伯大尼,西弗吉尼亞州,他在那裡建立了一個神學院, 1866年3月4號。

According to their census prepared in 1906 the sect then had 6475 ministers, 11,633 churches, and a membership of 1,235,294.根據他們的普查準備於1906年的第6475當時部長, 11633教堂和會員1235294 。 It is strongest in the West and Southwest, Missouri, Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, and Ohio having the largest bodies.這是最強的西部和西南部,密蘇里州,印第安納,伊利諾伊,肯塔基州,和俄亥俄州擁有最大的機構。 JH Garrison, editor of their organ "The Christian Evangelist", outlined (1906) the belief of his sect.華駐軍,他們的編輯機構“基督教福音” ,概述( 1906年) ,相信他的節。

According to their investigations of the New Testament the confession of faith made by Simon Peter, on which Jesus declared he would build His Church, namely "Thou art the Christ the Son of the living God", was the creed of Christianity and the essential faith, and that all those who would make this confession from the heart, being penitent of their past sins, were to be admitted by baptism into the membership of the early Church;根據他們的調查新約全書招供的信仰所作的西門彼得,在耶穌宣布他將建造他的教會,即“你是基督的兒子生活上帝” ,是信仰基督教和基本信念,而且所有這些誰將使這一招供發自內心的,是他們的懺悔過去的罪孽,被承認的洗禮到成員的初期教會;

that baptism in the early Church consisted of a burial of a penitent believer in the water in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, and that only such were fit subjects for baptism;這洗禮的早期教會包括一個埋葬了懺悔的信徒在水中的名字父親,和兒子,和聖靈,只有這樣適合主題的洗禮;

that the form of church government was congregational;該教堂形式的政府是公理;

that each congregation had its deacons and elders or bishops, the former to look after the temporal and the latter the spiritual interests of the church.每個教會有其執事和長老或主教,前照看的時間,而後者的精神利益的教堂。

They practise weekly communion and consider it not as a sacrament but as a memorial feast.他們實行每週共融,並認為它不是作為一個聖禮,但作為一個紀念節日。

While they hold both New and Old Testaments to be equally inspired, both are not equally binding upon Christians.雖然他們舉行了新與舊聖經是同樣的啟發,都是同樣不具有約束力的基督徒。

Accepting the Bible as an all-sufficient revelation of the Divine will, they repudiate all authoritative creeds and human grounds of fellowship.接受聖經作為所有足夠的啟示的神將,他們拒絕所有權威的信仰和人權理由的獎學金。

Publication information Written by James F. Loughlin.出版信息撰稿:詹姆斯F Loughlin 。 Transcribed by Christine J. Murray. The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume V. Published 1909.轉錄的克里斯蒂娜學者穆雷。天主教百科全書,體積五, 1909年發布。 New York: Robert Appleton Company.紐約:羅伯特阿普爾頓公司。 Nihil Obstat, May 1, 1909. Nihil Obstat , 1909年5月1號。 Remy Lafort, Censor.雷米Lafort ,檢查員。 Imprimatur.認可。 +John M. Farley, Archbishop of New York +約翰M法利,大主教紐約

Also, see:此外,見:
Christian Churches and Churches of Christ 基督教會和基督教會

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