Ex Opere Operato惠Opere Operato

General Information 一般信息

Ex Opere Operato means that if the communicative nature of the Christian sacraments is acknowledged, a sacrament properly performed is seen to convey God's grace independently of the faith or moral character of the celebrant or recipients.惠Opere Operato意味著,如果交際性質的基督教聖禮承認,一個正確履行聖禮是傳達上帝的恩典獨立的信仰或道德高尚的禮或收件人。 Its value springs from its divine institution, "from the work already done" (Latin ex opere operato ), in which the sacrament participates.其價值源自其神聖的機構, “從已經做的工作” (拉丁美洲前opere operato ) ,其中祭參與。 The opposite position has been maintained by some - that the value of the sacrament does depend in some way on those who celebrate and receive, ex opere operantis ("from the work being done").與此相反的立場一直保持一些-即價值的聖禮並不取決於某種方式對這些誰慶祝和接受,當然o pereo perantis( “從正在進行的工作” ) 。

Ex Opere Operato惠Opere Operato

Advanced Information 先進的信息

The historic Roman Catholic view of the way sacraments are effective is that they operate ex opere operato ("from the work done"). This position became official at the Council of Trent (1545 - 63). 歷史性的羅馬天主教認為聖禮的方式是有效的是,它們運行前opere operato ( “從所做的工作” ) 。這一立場成為官方在安理會的遄達( 1545年至1563年) 。 Canon VIII of the seventh session opposed the view that "grace is not conferred through the act performed, but that faith alone in the divine promise suffices for the obtaining of grace."佳能第八反對第七屆會議認為, “寬限期不是通過授予行為,但僅在信仰的神聖承諾足以為獲得的寬限期。 ” The condition for the recipient is only that one does not place an obstacle (obex, sinful act or disposition) against the sacrament's administration. Grace is given by God when the sacrament is conferred rightly by the church. This ex opere operato working makes the sacraments unique conductors of divine grace.的條件,只有接受一個不發生障礙(閂,罪孽深重的行為或處置)對聖禮的管理。恩典是上帝所給予的聖禮是賦予正確的教堂。 這當然opere operato工作使聖禮獨特的導體神聖的寬限期。

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The Reformers rejected this view. Calvin said it contradicted the nature of the sacraments. 改革者拒絕了這一觀點。卡爾文說,矛盾的性質聖禮。 Protestants have stressed the need for faith to be present in the recipient for a sacrament to have validity.新教徒也強調,需要信仰存在於受援國的聖禮有效力。 Sacraments are the instruments used by God to confirm the word of his promise to those who believe.聖禮是文書使用的上帝,以確認的話,他的諾言那些誰相信。

DK McKim DK McKim
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (規矩福音字典)

Bibliography 目錄
GC Berkouwer, The Sacraments; ODCC; R Seeberg, Text book of the History of Doctrines; P Schaff, Creeds of Christendom, II; P Tillich, A Complete History of Christian Thought.氣相色譜法Berkouwer ,在聖禮; ODCC ; R西貝爾格,文字書史的理論; P沙夫,信仰的基督教,二; P蒂利希,一份完整的歷史記錄的基督教思想。

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