Mediating Theology中介神學

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(Vermittlungstheologie). ( Vermittlungstheologie ) 。 The name of a program undertaken by widely differing thinkers, mostly in Germany, in the middle third of the nineteenth century.程式名稱進行各種不同的思想家,主要是在德國,在中間三分之一的十九世紀。 Their conclusions differed greatly, but they shared a commitment to mediation, the attempt to find truth on a middle ground between opposite extremes.他們得出的結論差異很大,但他們共同承諾斡旋,試圖尋找真理的一種中間立場相反的極端之間。

These thinkers tried to mediate between the influences of Hegel and Schleiermacher, between rationalism and supernaturalism, and between innovation and tradition.這些思想家試圖之間進行調解的影響,黑格爾和施萊爾馬赫之間,理性主義和超自然之間,以及創新和傳統。 For them, both feeling and thought were to be taken into account in theology.對於他們來說,都感覺和思想要考慮到神學。 Christianity was seen as partly natural and partly supernatural in origin.基督教被視為部分天然部分超自然的來源。 The mediators tended to support the union of Lutherans and Reformed in the state churches of Germany.調解往往以支持工會的路德教和改革中的國有德國教堂。

The most important members of the mediating school (vermittelnde Schule) were IA Dorner, Julius Koestlin, Julius Muller, CI Nitzsch, Richard Rothe, and Karl Ullmann.最重要的成員,調解學校( vermittelnde學派)是保險業監督Dorner ,朱利葉斯Koestlin ,朱利葉斯穆勒,傳播Nitzsch ,理查德兄弟,和卡爾烏爾曼。 Mediating theology was represented at many different universities.中介神學派代表出席了許多不同的大學。 It can be dated from 1828 with the founding of the periodical Theologische Studien und Kritiken.它可以追溯到1828年的成立期刊神學Studien與Kritiken 。 It was also the theme of Vierteljahrschrift fur Theologie und Kirche (founded 1845) and Jahrbucher fur deutsche Theologie (founded 1856).也有人為主題的Vierteljahrschrift毛皮神學與教會( 1845年成立)和年鑑毛皮德國神學( 1856年成立) 。

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The most important topic for mediating theology was Christology.最重要的話題,調解是基督神學。 The historic doctrine of the person of Christ was being challenged by historical criticism.歷史性的學說的人的基督被質疑的歷史批評。 For philosophical reasons historical criticism began with a picture of Jesus that left no room for his deity and so rejected as unhistorical anything in the Gospels that testified to his deity.對於哲學的歷史原因的批評一開始的圖片耶穌說,已經沒有他的神,因此拒絕unhistorical什麼福音作證,以他的神。 The biggest bombshell was the book Leben Jesu (Life of Jesus) by DF Strauss in 1835.最大的重磅炸彈是圖書的生命耶穌(耶穌的生命)由東風施特勞斯於1835年。 This denial of historic Christian doctrine led to a negative reaction from those who wanted to conserve more of the old doctrine.這種剝奪的歷史基督教教義導致了消極反應誰若節省更多的舊學說。

The mediators attempted to find a middle course that would both retain some elements of historic Christology and accept many of the assumptions and conclusions of historical criticism.調解人試圖找到一個中間路線,不但保留一些因素的歷史性基督,並接受許多假設和結論的歷史批評。 They differed radically from one another in doctrine, but in every case the acceptance of historical criticism led them to modify the historic doctrine of the person of Christ fundamentally.他們從不同的根本互相學說,但在任何情況下,接受歷史的批評導致他們修改了歷史性的學說的人根本基督。 In this sense, kenoticism can be seen as a form of mediating theology.從這個意義上講, kenoticism可以被看作是某種形式的調解神學。 But another form was the direct opposite of kenoticism, namely IA Dorner's idea of a growing unity between God and Jesus.但是,另一種形式是直接相反kenoticism ,即保險業監督Dorner的思想越來越統一,上帝和耶穌。 Dorner saw that kenoticism had lost sight of the immutability of God. Dorner看到了kenoticism忽略了不可改變的上帝。 He concluded instead that Jesus had originally been a separate person who was only gradually assumed into the unity of the Logos in a process that was completed only at the ascension.他的結論相反,耶穌本來是一個單獨的人誰才逐漸承擔納入統一的標識在這個過程已經完成只有在上升。

The varieties in mediating theology indicate that its program did not lead to any conclusive results.該品種在調解神學表明,其計劃並沒有導致任何結論性的結果。 Indeed, it could lead to new and opposite extremes.事實上,它可能導致新的和相反的極端。 It was ambitious but vague, and faded away once Albrecht Ritschl and his disciples became influential in the last part of the nineteenth century.這是雄心勃勃的,但也是含糊不清,而且一旦消失阿爾布雷希特Ritschl和他的弟子成為有影響力的最後一部分,十九世紀。

JM Drickamer JM Drickamer
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (規矩福音字典)

Bibliography 目錄
K. Barth, Protestant Theology in the Nineteenth Century; JM Drickamer, "Higher Criticism and the Incarnation in the Thought of IA Dorner," CTQ 43:197-206; God and Incarnation in Mid Nineteenth Century German Theology: G. Thomasius, IA Dorner, AE Biedermann, tr.光巴特,新教神學在十九世紀; JM Drickamer , “高等批評和體現在IA的思想Dorner , ” CTQ 43:197-206 ;上帝和體現在十九世紀中期德國神學:格哈多瑪西烏斯,美國衣阿華Dorner ,聲發射皮特曼,文。 C. Welch, LCC; C. Welch, Protestant Thought in the Nineteenth Century.角韋爾奇,壽命週期費用;角韋爾奇,新教思想在十九世紀。

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