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The belief that an individual human soul passes through a succession of lives.相信人類靈魂的個人通過繼承的生命。 The idea of reincarnation had its origin in northern India (c. 1000 - 800 BC).轉世的想法有其原產地在印度北部(角1000 -公元前800年) 。 Western views of reincarnation popular today are modifications of the ancient theory of transmigration of souls (sometimes called metempsychosis), which holds that the soul may be incarnated not only in human bodies but also in animals and plants. The Western version of transmigration has been redefined to limit cyclic rebirths taking place in human form only.西方流行的看法轉世今天修改了古代理論輪迴的靈魂(有時也稱為輪迴) ,其中認為靈魂可以體現不僅在人體內,而且在動物和植物。西方版本的輪迴已重新界定限制循環rebirths發生在人類唯一。

The concept of reincarnation first appeared in the early Hindu scriptures (Upanishads).輪迴的概念,最早出現在早期印度教經文( Upanishads ) 。 It has always been an integral part of classical Buddhism.它一直是不可分割的組成部分佛教經典。 Reincarnational thinking characterized some Greek philosophers, including Pythagoras and Plato. Reincarnational思維特點的一些希臘哲學家,包括畢達哥拉斯和柏拉圖。 Because of the influence of the first century Greek mystery religions, the Gnostics, and the Roman Stoics, the theory of transmigration, or reincarnation, became firmly established as a Western as well as Eastern doctrine.由於影響的第一個世紀希臘神秘宗教, Gnostics ,和羅馬Stoics ,理論輪迴,或轉世,成為堅定地確立為西部以及東部學說。

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Closely associated with the notion of reincarnation cycles in the Eastern concept of Karma.密切相關的概念,轉世週期在東區概念噶瑪。 The law of karma asserts that the evil deeds of past lives relate to the present life, and that one's present actions have implications for future lives.法律業聲稱,劣跡過去生活涉及到現在的生活,而且一本行動影響未來的生活。 Essentially karma is the law of cause and effect, of action followed by reaction.基本上業的法律問題,是因果關係,其次是行動的反應。 In the Orient the belief in karma has resulted in a basically pessimistic view of life.在東方的信念業產生了悲觀的看法的基本生活。 Human existence is often a dreary, endless cycle of pain, suffering, and rebirth.人類的生存往往是沉悶的,無休止的循環,疼痛,痛苦,和重生。 Karmic reincarnation does not resolve the problem of evil.業轉世不能解決問題的邪惡。 It requires self salvation leading to ultimate liberation from the wheel of rebirth.它需要自我救贖導致最終擺脫的車輪重生。 The concepts of divine forgiveness and mercy are absent.概念的神聖寬恕和憐憫也沒有。

The modern Western expression of reincarnation emerged during the Enlightenment of the eighteenth century and was revived by such nineteenth century occultic movements as Theosophy, founded by the influential Madame HP Blavatsky.現代西方表達轉世過程中出現的啟示十八世紀和復興等十九世紀occultic動作神智學,創立了有影響力的夫人惠普Blavatsky 。 This westernized version of reincarnation was later popularized by such psychics as Edgar Cayce, Helen Wambach, and Jeanne Dixon.這個版本的轉世西化,後來推廣這些靈媒的埃德加Cayce ,海倫萬巴赫,和珍妮迪克遜。 Unlike Eastern proponents of reincarnation, Western reincarnationists stress a more optimistic view of life, holding out the hope of more and better lives.與東部的倡導者輪迴,西方reincarnationists強調了比較樂觀的看法的生活,舉行了希望更多和更好的生活。

The ultimate objective of all reincarnation is to fuse with "ultimate reality," to merge with God, to become God.的最終目標是所有轉世相融合“的最終的現實, ”合併的上帝,成為上帝。 All reincarnation teachings are based on a monistic, mystical - occult world view that promotes the essential divinity of humanity, denies the notion of a sovereign personal God, and offers the promise of esoteric wisdom.所有轉世的教義是基於一元,神秘-神秘的世界觀,促進人類的基本神性,否認了這一概念,一個主權個人的上帝,並提供承諾深奧的智慧。

Biblical Christianity, in contrast to reincarnational teaching, emphasize grace, atonement, and forgiveness for fallen humanity through the once - for - all death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The Christian's disavowal of reincarnation is anchored in the biblical assertion that "man is destined to die once, and after that to face judgment" (Heb. 9:27).聖經的基督教,而相比之下, reincarnational教學,強調的寬限期,贖罪,並寬恕下降人類通過一次-為-所有的死亡和復活的耶穌。基督教的否定轉世是紮根於聖經斷言, “人是注定要死過一次,之後,面對判決“ ( Heb. 9時27分) 。

RM Enroth室恩洛斯
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (規矩福音字典)

Bibliography 參考書目
M Albrecht, Reincarnation: A Christian Appraisal; RA Morey, Reincarnation and Christianity; PJ Swihart, Reincarnation, Edgar Cayce and the Bible. M阿布雷契,轉世:一個基督教評價;類風濕性關節炎莫雷轉世和基督教; PJ Swihart ,轉世,埃德加Cayce和聖經的內容。

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