Transcendental Meditation (TM)冥思靜坐(商標)

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Transcendental Meditation is an Eastern meditative practice popularized in the West by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi.冥思靜坐是東方冥想的做法推廣西方的瑪赫西馬赫什瑜珈。 Born in India in 1918, Maharishi (which means "great sage") was a disciple of Swami Brahmananda Saraswati (or "Guru Dev") before he began teaching in the West as a Hindu holy man.在印度出生於1918年,瑪赫西(意思是“偉大的聖人” )是一個弟子斯瓦米薩Brahmananda薩拉瓦提(或“大師開發” )之前,他開始教學在西方作為一個印度教聖地的人。 As part of a series of world tours, Maharishi first came to the United States in 1959.作為一系列的世界巡演中,瑪赫西剛到美國於1959年。 The TM movement has become the largest and fastest growing of the various Eastern spiritual disciplines that have taken root in the West.該商標運動已成為規模最大,發展最快的各種學科東區精神紮根於西方。

The simplified and Westernized set of yoga techniques that Maharishi has introduced and marketed in the West is presented to the public as a nonreligious practice designed to enable a person to make use of his / her full mental potential while at the same time achieving deep rest and relaxation.簡化和西化的瑜伽技術,瑪赫西推出和銷售在西方是向公眾政治化的做法,旨在使一個人利用他/她的潛力充分的精神,同時實現深休息和放鬆。 TM claims to offer people absolute happiness, perfect bliss, and "restful alertness" through a technique that requires a minimum of meditation, twenty minutes twice a day.商標索賠提供人民絕對幸福,完美的幸福,和“寧靜的警覺”通過技術,最少需要冥想, 20分鐘,每天2次。

The claim that TM is not religious, that it is merely a scientific technique, has been questioned by Christian and secular observers alike.證明商標是不是宗教,它僅僅是一個科學技術,已被質疑基督教和世俗的觀察員都。 Maharishi and his carefully trained instructors assert that the benefits of TM can be enjoyed without compromising one's religion.瑪赫西和他的認真訓練的教官說,商標的好處,可以享有不損害自己的宗教。 Critics of the TM movement argue that transcendental meditation is essentially Hindu religious practice in disguise.批評商標運動認為,冥思靜坐基本上是印度教宗教實踐的化身。

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An initiation ceremony is required of all novice meditators.一個啟動儀式的要求,所有新手meditators 。 TM instructors contend that this is merely a secular ceremony of gratitude.商標教員認為,這只是一個世俗的儀式表示感謝。 The religious nature of this ceremony (called the puja), however, is quite clear.宗教性質的儀式(稱為普佳) ,然而,是相當清楚的。 The participant is asked to bring flowers, fruit, and a white cloth and to bow before the image of Maharishi's late teacher, Guru Dev.參與者被要求將鮮花,水果和一塊白色布料,並在船頭的形象瑪赫西已故老師,大師開發。 The puja is a Sanskrit hymn of adoration and worship, although its meaning is not revealed to the novice.在普佳是梵歌崇拜和信仰,但其含義是不透露給新手。 The initiation ceremony, therefore, is by Christian definition the worship of false gods.啟動儀式上,因此,基督教的宗教定義假神。 From the perspective of TM, the puja is intended to alter the consciousness of both instructor and novice so that the mind is opened to the influence of the "great masters."從商標的角度看,在普佳旨在改變雙方的意識,使教師和新手的心靈是開放的影響, “偉大的主人。 ”

At the time of initiation, the candidate is given a supposedly secret mantra, a Sanskrit word or syllable, which is claimed to have special vibrational qualities and which is regularly used by the meditator thereafter.在開始的時候,候選人的一個秘密咒語,一個梵文單詞或音節,這是聲稱具有特殊的素質和振動這是經常使用的meditator其後。 TM instructors state that the matras are merely "meaningless sounds."商標指導員指出matras僅僅是“毫無意義的聲音。 ” However, an examination of the source of the mantras, the Hindu religion, reveals that these sounds are the code names of deities.然而,考試的來源咒語,印度教,發現這些聲音是代號神明。 Therefore, the repetition of a mantra constitutes an act of worship.因此,重複的口頭禪構成行為的崇拜。

The use of a mantra is one of the standard means of inducing the classical mystical experience of God - consciousness or unity.使用咒語是一種標準的手段誘導古典神秘經驗的上帝-意識或統一。 The twice - daily routine of TM is said to enable the person to achieve an altered or "transcendental" state of consciousness with the goal of ultimately reaching "enlightenment."兩次-日常的TM是說,以使之達到改變或“超越”意識狀態,其目的是最終實現“啟示” 。 Its objective is the elimination of all consciously directed thought, an emptying of the mind.其目的是消除一切自覺指導思想,一排空的主意。 Like all Eastern mysticism, TM involves the negation of the mind and an increased reliance on subjective feelings.像所有東方神秘主義,商標涉及否定銘記和更多地依靠主觀感受。

Transcendental Meditation is in reality a form of pantheism.冥思靜坐是在現實中的一種形式,泛神論。 It does not teach the existence of one eternal, personal God, the Creator of the universe.它不教存在一種永恆的,個人的上帝,造物主的宇宙。 It is part of the monist tradition in that it teaches belief in the essential oneness of all reality and therefore the possibility of man's unity with the divine.這是傳統的單一的,因為它教的信念,基本一體的現實,因此,所有的可能性,人的團結與神聖。 The practice of TM itself leads the meditator toward the idolatry of selfworship because of the identification of the self with the higher "Self" of the creation.的做法,商標本身導致的meditator對偶像崇拜的selfworship因為身份的自我較高“自我”的創作。 In short, TM promotes an experience involving the loss of one's distinctive identity under the false pretense of a scientific technique.總之,商標推廣的經驗,涉及損失的一個獨特的身份錯誤的藉口下的科學技術。

RM Enroth室恩洛斯
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (規矩福音字典)

Bibliography 參考書目
D Haddon and V Hamilton, TM Wants You! D和V哈登漢密爾頓,商標要你! A Christian Response to Transcendental Meditation; D Haddon, "Transcendental Meditation," in A Guide to Cults and New Religions, ed.基督徒回應超凡冥想; D哈登, “超凡冥想, ”指南中邪教,新興宗教,教育署。 RM Enroth室恩洛斯

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