Holy Week聖週

General Information 一般資料

Holy Week, in the Christian liturgical year, is the week immediately preceding Easter, beginning with Palm Sunday.在基督教的禮儀,聖週,是週緊接復活節,聖枝主日(復活節前的星期日)開始。 Solemn rites are observed commemorating the passion, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.莊嚴的儀式,紀念的激情,死亡和復活的耶穌基督。 Special observances recalling the institution of the Eucharist are held on Maundy Thursday; Scripture readings, solemn prayers, and veneration of the cross recall the crucifixion of Christ on Good Friday.濯足節舉行特別的紀念活動,回顧該機構的聖體聖事的聖經朗誦,莊嚴的祈禱,和十字聖架,記得基督在十字架上的耶穌受難日。 Holy Saturday commemorates the burial of Christ; midnight vigil services inaugurate the Easter celebration of the resurrection.聖週六紀念基督的埋葬午夜守夜服務開創的復活的復活節慶祝活動。 Holy Week is sometimes called the "Great Week" by Roman Catholic and Orthodox Christians because it commemorates the great deeds of God for humankind.聖週有時也被稱為“偉大的一周”,由羅馬天主教和東正教基督徒,因為它是為了紀念偉大的事蹟對人類的神。

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Holy Week聖週

Advanced Information 先進的信息

Holy Week is the week preceding Easter, observing in a special manner the passion and death of Jesus Christ.聖週是前一周的復活節,耶穌基督的激情和死亡的一種特殊的方式進行觀察。 It may also be called the Greater Week in remembrance of the great work performed by God during that week.它也可以被稱為大週,以紀念偉大的神在那一周的工作。 It may be called the Paschal Week in reference to the coming resurrection.它可被稱為逾越節週的復活。 Athanasius of Alexandria used the phrase "Holy Week" in the fourth century.亞他那修的亞歷山大用“聖週”,在第四世紀。 It is sometimes referred to as the week of remission because confession is one of the experiences asked of some Christians in preparation for the celebration of Easter.它有時被稱為當週的緩解,因為供認是問一些基督徒準備慶祝復活節的經驗之一。 Eastern Christians sometimes call it the week of salvation.東部基督徒有時稱之為一周的救贖。

In the early development of Holy Week only Good Friday and Holy Saturday were designated as holy days.在早期開發的聖週耶穌受難日和聖週六被指定為神聖的日子。 Some areas referred to a triduum of three days, including Easter Sunday morning within Holy Week.一些地區到triduum三天,包括復活節週日上午在聖週。 Holy Thursday officially became a holy day in the fourth century.聖週四正式成為一個神聖的日子,在第四世紀。 Wednesday was added to commemorate the plot of Judas to give Jesus over to his enemies.週三情節,以紀念猶大給耶穌交給他的敵人的。 The other days of the week were added by the middle of the fourth century.在一周的其他日子增加了中間的第四個世紀。 In general, most of the Holy Week observances originated in Jerusalem and were adopted by Europe.在一般情況下,大多數起源於耶路撒冷的聖週紀念活動,並通過了歐洲。 Before the Council of Nicaea the great feast which was celebrated was the Christian Passover on the night of Holy Saturday.擺在安理會面前的尼西亞的偉大節日的慶祝活動是基督教的逾越節聖週六的晚上。

After the medieval period Holy Week lost quite a bit of its appeal.中世紀時期的聖週後失去了它的吸引力相當多的。 Pius XII attempted to give it central importance to the church in the 1950s.教皇庇護十二世(Pius XII)試圖給它至關重要的教會在20世紀50年代。 It is now considered by many to be the heart of the Catholic Church's yearly celebration of the events of the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.這是現在被許多人認為是心臟的天主教教會的每年慶祝基督耶穌的生,死和復活的事件。 The central mystery of redemption is relived during Holy Week.重溫聖週期間中央神秘的贖回。

Holy Thursday, or Maundy Thursday, as part of Holy Week is properly called Thursday of the Lord's Supper.聖週四,或濯足節,聖週的一部分被正確地稱為週四主的晚餐。 It commemorates the changing of bread and wine into the body and blood of Jesus Christ.這是為了紀念變化的麵包和酒進入基督耶穌的身體和血。 Mass on Holy Thursday is celebrated in the evening.慶祝彌撒聖週四在晚上。

Good Friday is the anniversary of the crucifixion of our Lord; it is a day of sorrow.耶穌受難日是紀念我們的主在十字架上,這是一個悲傷的一天。 Its full title is "Friday of the passion and death of the Lord."它的全稱是“週五的激情和死亡的主。” The liturgical section includes (1) the reading service, (2) the veneration of the cross, (3) the Communion service.禮拜儀式的部分包括:(1)閱讀服務,(2)十字聖架,(3)聖餐禮。 The service of the stations of the cross is optional.服務的跨站是可選的。

Holy Saturday is usually a quiet day of prayer and reflection in preparation for the celebration of the resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ on Easter Sunday.聖週六通常是一個安靜的一天的祈禱和反思,準備在復活節的慶祝活動,我們的主耶穌基督的復活。

TJ German TJ德國
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 參考書目
WJ O'Shea, The Meaning of Holy Week; C. Howell, Preparing for Easter; J. Gaillard, Holy Week and Easter; L. Bouyer, The Paschal Mystery: Meditations on the Last Three Days of Holy Week; M. Tierney, Holy Week: A Commentary. WJ奧謝的含義聖週C.豪威爾,準備復活節J.蓋拉德,聖週和復活節L. BOUYER,逾越奧跡:沉思的聖週的最後三天,M.蒂爾尼,聖週:評注。

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