Theology of Paul保羅的神學

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Paul gives two different accounts of the source of his theology.保羅給他的神學源的兩個不同的帳戶。 In Gal.在GAL。 1:11-12 he insists that he did not receive it from men but "through a revelation of Jesus Christ," referring to his experience on the Damascus Road. 1:11-12他堅持說,他沒有收到來自男人,但“通過耶穌基督的啟示”,指的是他的經驗在大馬士革路。 But in I Cor.但在我肺心病。 15:3-8 he pictures himself as simply passing on the tradition he had received about Christ's atoning death, burial, and resurrection. 15:3-8他想到了自己的傳統,他收到了關於基督的贖罪之死,埋葬和復活簡單地通過。 Some scholars (eg, Drane) maintain that two different Pauls are speaking in these passages: the former an enthusiastic individualist, whose theology was based on the immediate inspiration of the Holy Spirit; the latter an older, more sober Paul, whose individualism has been curbed by the experience of conflict and the need to come to terms with the other apolstles' understanding of the faith.有些學者(如,杜藍)認為,兩種不同的保羅在這些經文中說:前一個熱情的個人主義者,其神學的基礎上的直接靈感的聖靈,後者是年紀大了,更清醒的保羅,他的個人主義已經遏制衝突的經驗和需要來條款的信念與其他apolstles的理解。 Others (eg, Bruce) argue that Paul's acceptance of the radically new tradition about Jesus, in opposition to "the traditions of my fathers" (Gal. 1:14), was a direct result of the Damascus Road revelation, so that the one complements the other.其他(如布魯斯)認為,保羅的接受全新的關於耶穌的傳統,在反對“的傳統,我的父親”(加拉太書1:14),是一個直接結果的大馬士革路的啟示,使一個補充了其他。

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Either way, it is a problem to know why Paul presents the gospel in terms so different from those which Jesus himself used.無論哪種方式,這是一個問題,知道為什麼保羅福音中耶穌自己使用的條款,以使不同的。 For instance, why is "justification by faith", scarcely present in Jesus' teaching, so prominent in Paul's, and why does Paul virtually ignore Jesus' great theme of the kingdom of God?例如,為什麼是“因信稱義”,幾乎出現在耶穌的教導,如此突出的保羅,保羅為什麼幾乎忽略耶穌的神的國度,偉大的主題? Plainly Paul felt himself empowered, as an apostle of Christ, to speak in his name (II Cor. 13:3) under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit (I Cor. 2:12-13, 16) in ways in which the earthly Christ had never spoken.說白了保羅覺得,作為一個基督的使徒,自己有權說他的名字(哥林多後書13:3)聖靈的啟發下,(林前2:12-13,16)的方式在地上的基督從來沒有說過。 IN fact, his thought is fantastically creative combination of elements drawn together, under the orchestration of the Spirit, from many different sources: from Jesus' earthly teaching (eg, I Cor. 7:10-11; 9:14), from his own background in Pharisaism (eg, Rom. 10:6-9; Gal. 4:22-26), from earlier Christian traditions (eg, I Cor. 15:3-7; Rom. 3:24-25; Phil. 2:6-11), from secular Greek thought (eg, Rom. 2:15; Col. 3:18-4:1), from his own insight (Eph. 3:4), and above all from the OT (Rom. 15:4; II Tim. 3:15-16).其實,他的思想是極其拉到一起,根據業務流程的精神,從許多不同的來源:從耶穌塵世的教學(例如,我哥林多前書7:10-11; 9:14)元素的創意組合,從他的自己的背景(例如,光盤中的形式主義。10:6-9;加拉太書4:22-26),從早期的基督教傳統(例如,哥林多前書15:3-7;羅馬書3:24-25,菲爾。 2:6-11),從世俗的希臘思想(例如,羅2:15,歌羅西書3:18-4:1),從他自己的見解(以弗所書3:4),以上所有的OT(羅。15:4;提摩太後書3:15-16)。 Opinions are of course divided as to whether Paul thus distorted the message of Jesus or not.當然劃分是否保羅從而歪曲耶穌的信息或意見的。

(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) (Elwell宣布了福音字典)

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