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A religious and philosophical system based on the theosophical ideas of Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925).魯道夫斯坦納(1861年至1925年)的神智思想的基礎上的宗教和哲學體系。 Born in Hungary and raised a Roman Catholic, Steiner studied science at the University of Vienna, became an accomplished Goethe scholar, and acquired an intense interest in the occult.出生於匈牙利,並提出了一個羅馬天主教,施泰納在維也納大學學習科學,歌德成為一個多才多藝的學者,並取得了濃厚的興趣,隱匿性。 In 1902, while serving as editor of a literary magazine, he became general secretary of the German Theosophical Society but soon grew disillusioned with its overstress on Eastern religious thought.而作為一本文學雜誌的編輯,在1902年,他成為了德國神智學會的秘書長,但很快就幻滅與東方宗教思想的過應力。 In 1913 Steiner broke with theosophy and founded the Anthroposophical Society, which joined certain Christian elements to its basically theosophical outlook.施泰納在1913年打破了神智,並創立了智學學會,在其中加入某些基督教的元素,它基本上是神智前景。 In 1922 Steiner and Friedrich Rittlemeyer, a former Protestant pastor, organized the movement into "Christian Fellowships" (Christengemeinschaften) where priests and priestesses performed mystical rites patterned after the Catholic Mass. 1922年,施泰納和弗里德里希Rittlemeyer,前新教牧師,組織“基督徒團契”(Christengemeinschaften),祭司和女祭司進行神秘儀式後,天主教馬薩諸塞州圖案的運動

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Like theosophy from which it came, anthroposophy includes elements from Hinduism, Neoplatonism, Gnosticism, and Sufism.像從它的神智,人智學元素印度教,新柏拉圖主義,諾斯替教,和蘇菲主義。 It affirms the existence of spiritual as well as material worlds and teaches that salvation consists of escaping the confines of the material world by obtaining esoteric spiritual knowledge about the true nature of things.它肯定存在的精神以及物質世界,並教導說,救恩包括逃避的物質世界的束縛,獲得深奧的靈性知識的真正本質的東西。 Unlike theosophy (wisdom of God), which holds that such knowledge comes from avatars (incarnations) and arhats (master teachers), anthroposophy (wisdom of man) teaches that people possess the truth within themselves.不同神智(智慧之神),擁有這種知識的化身(化身),羅漢(特級教師),人智(智慧人)教導人們擁有自己的真理之。 By cultivating one's occult powers through certain mental, physical, and spiritual exercises, anyone can become a Hellseher, a master of clear vision, and thereby gain extraordinary spiritual insight.培養一個人的神秘的力量,通過一定的心理,生理和精神練習,任何人都可以成為一個的主Hellseher,清晰的視野,從而獲得非凡的精神洞察力。 According to Steiner's doctrine of the "seven lotus flowers," each person has seven bodies (physical, astral, etheric, the most intimate "I," etc.) which open out, like the lotus blossom, to new levels of truth.據施泰納的學說的“七荷花,”每個人有七具屍體(物理,星界,以太,最貼心的“我”,等等)開出來的,像蓮花一樣,到一個新的水平真理。 Once these spiritual organs are developed through meditation (yoga), one has access to "cosmic memory" through which he can understand all things.一旦這些精神的機關通過冥想(瑜伽),“宇宙記憶”,通過他可以了解所有的事情。

Whereas theosophy views Christ as only one of many avatars, anthroposophy teaches that Christ is the only avatar, an exalted solar being (Sonnenwesen) who entered human history as the full revelation of the spiritual world.而神智的意見,因為只有一個許多化身基督,人智學教導說,基督是唯一的化身,進入人類歷史的所有啟示的精神世界的一種崇高的太陽能的存在(Sonnenwesen)。 Contact with Christ brings deeper penetration into his own knowledge of reality.聯繫與基督帶來更深入地滲透到自己的知識的現實。 Thus for anthroposophists celebration of the Eucharist has ultimate significance.因此,對於anthroposophists慶祝聖體聖事的終極意義。 Called the "Act of the Consecration of Man."被稱為“法的人的奉獻。” the sacrament mystically joins the celebrant with the spirit and body of Christ, making him truly "man" and capable of realizing his own occultic powers.聖餐神秘地加入了禮的精神和基督的身體,使他成為真正的“人”,能夠實現自己的神秘力量的權力。

Anthroposophy was condemned by the Roman Catholic Church in 1919. 1919年由羅馬天主教會在人智學的譴責。 Followers today are most numerous in Germany, Britain, and the United States, and generally are drawn from "intellectuals" in search of more "effervescent" religious experience outside established religious channels.關注今日在德國,英國,美國數量最多的,而且一般都來自搜索更多的“冒泡”宗教經驗外來宗教渠道的“知識分子”。

TP Weber TP韋伯

Bibliography. 參考書目。
GA Kaufmann, Fruits of Anthroposophy; R. Steiner, The Story of My Life; F. Rittlemeyer, Reincarnation. GA考夫曼,水果的人智學;·施泰納,我的生活故事;樓Rittlemeyer,轉世靈童。

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