The Number of Christians Through History一些基督徒,通過歷史

General Information 一般資料

The following tabular view of the Christian population of the world from the beginning has been attributed to Sharon Turner, English historian, apparently around 1810.下面的表格視圖中的基督教人口的世界,從一開始顯然已被歸因於莎朗·特納,英國歷史學家,1810年左右。 The nineteenth century estimate is certainly too low, and does not appear to have possibly been provided by Ms. Turner.十九世紀的估計肯定是太低了,似乎並不可能已被特納女士提供。

Growth of the Church in Numbers.教會在數字的增長。

Era時代 Estimated Christians估計基督徒
First century至上世紀 500,000 500000
Second century二世紀 2,000,000 2000000
Third century三世紀 5,000,000 5000000
Fourth century第四世紀 10,000,000 10,000,000
Fifth century第五世紀 15,000,000 15000000
Sixth century第六世紀 20,000,000 20000000
Seventh century公元七世紀 24,000,000 24000000
Eighth century八世紀 30,000,000 30000000
Ninth century第九屆世紀 40,000,000 40000000
Tenth century第十屆世紀 50,000,000 50000000
Eleventh century十一世紀 70,000,000 70000000
Twelfth century十二世紀 80,000,000 80000000
Thirteenth century十三世紀 75,000,000 75000000
Fourteenth century十四世紀 80,000,000 80000000
Fifteenth century十五世紀 100,000,000 100,000,000
Sixteenth century十六世紀 125,000,000 125,000,000
Seventeenth century十七世紀 155,000,000 155,000,000
Eighteenth century十八世紀 200,000,000 200,000,000
(Nineteenth century) (19世紀) (400,000,000) (400,000,000股)

Editor's Note編者按

Many people seem to make many wild assumptions regarding how much knowledge and how much documentation existed in early human history!許多人似乎使許多野生假設,多少知識和多少文件存在於人類早期歷史! Prior to even 1800 AD, only an extremely small fraction of people knew how to read or write, likely around one percent of the total population at most.即使公元1800年之前,只有非常小部分人知道如何讀或寫,可能總人口的百分之一左右最多。 And those people were generally only taught to be literate for specific purposes of a Government or a Church.這些人一般只用於特定用途的政府或教會​​教導識字。

One interesting consequence of this is the usual assumption that EVERYONE read their own Bible at home, was essentially unrealistic and impossible!這是一個有趣的結果通常假設每個人都在家裡讀自己的聖經,基本上是不現實的,也是不可能的! People certainly could MEMORIZE words that a Priest told them in Church, and then even be able to repeat those words to younger generations by Oral Tradition.人們當然可以記憶單詞,在教會牧師告訴他們,然後甚至可以重複那些話的年輕一代口頭傳統。

Prior to the invention of the printing press around 1454 AD by Gutenberg, Scribes had to hand copy every individual character of every word of every page, an immensely time consuming and difficult activity. 1454 AD左右的古登堡發明印刷機之前,文士,以的手複製,個性的每一頁,每一個字一個非常耗時和困難的活動。 The central consequence of this was that VERY FEW COPIES of any written documents ever existed (prior to around 1460 AD).中央後果,這是極少數曾經存在過的任何書面文件的副本(約1460 AD)。 Those copies were nearly all kept by governments and Churches, and virtually no individuals ever even owned a single book (even the Bible!)這些副本幾乎所有的政府和教會保持,幾乎沒有人甚至擁有過一本書(甚至“聖經”!)

By the way, Illuminated Manuscripts of the Bible were created during the Middle ages, where artists drew pictures that showed the events of Bible texts.順便說一下,在中世紀創造了“聖經”的手抄本 ,其中藝術家們的照片,顯示了事件的經文。 Since virtually no one who would attend a Church could ever have read the words of a Bible, such Illuminated Bibles such as Kells quickly became very popular.由於幾乎沒有人將參加一個教會曾經讀過一本“聖經”的話,如凱爾斯照明“聖經”很快就成為很受歡迎。 They were very difficult and time consuming to create, so rather few of them were ever created.他們是非常困難和耗費時間的創建,因此而少數人所創造。 However, Churches learned from that to do as many things in visual terms as possible, such as stained glass windows in the Churches, and sets of paintings such as the set of 14 paintings presenting the Stations of the Cross, which soon were created for nearly all Churches to display.然而,從教會做盡可能多的事情,在視覺條款,如在教堂的彩色玻璃窗,和台站的十字架,不久就創造了近14繪畫呈現的一組畫等顯示所有教會。

Getting back to the numbers of Christians in the very early Church, we must note that the Roman Empire spent nearly three hundred years in aggressively trying to exterminate all Christians.在非常早期教會的基督徒的數量,我們必須注意,在積極試圖消滅所有的基督徒,羅馬帝國花了將近三百年。 The Roman Emperors were fearful that such a religion might threaten their authority over much of the known world, and their solution was to entirely eliminate any documents, references and people associated with Christian beliefs.羅馬皇帝,這樣一個宗教可能威脅到他們的權力,在已知的世界是可怕的,他們的解決方案是與基督教信仰相關的任何文件,參考資料和人民完全消除。 They were quite effect in this effort, in exterminating enormous numbers of people who had any connection with Christianity.他們在這方面的努力是相當的效果,在消滅有任何與基督教的人的數量巨大。

A primary result of this was that Christians quickly learned that it was a terrible idea for large numbers of Christians to ever meet!這方面的一個主要結果是基督徒很快就學會了,這是一個可怕的想法,大量的基督徒不斷滿足! Such meetings would always attract Roman soldiers and all the Christians would be executed.這些會議將吸引羅馬士兵和所有的基督徒將被執行。 We modern Christians imagine that there were many huge Christian Churches, such as some that are mentioned in the New Testament.我們現代的基督徒想像,有許多巨大的,如“新約”中提到的一些基督教教會。 But think about it.不過,仔細想想。 IF there was a huge Church in Corinth where hundreds or thousands of Christians would meet each Sunday to attend Services, that would have been (and was) an extremely convenient way for Roman soldiers to collect and exterminate large numbers of Christians all at the same place at the same time.如果有一個巨大的哥林多教會的基督徒的數百或數千滿足每個星期天參加服務,這將是(和)一個非常便捷的方式,收集和消滅大量的基督徒的羅馬士兵在同一個地方在相同的時間。

Christians sooned learned that it was a terrible idea for ANY large numbers of them to ever meet except in total secret.基督徒sooned據悉,這是一個可怕的想法,大量的,不斷滿足除總秘密。 And even then, there were often spies for the Romans where the entire group of Christians were still exterminated.即使如此,經常有整個集團的基督徒仍然滅絕羅馬人的間諜。

The point here is that the modern approach to doing census taking to count up large numbers of people were simply not realistic regarding Christians in those first few Centuries.這裡的關鍵是,現代的方法做普查計數大量的人根本就不現實就在那些最初的幾個世紀的基督徒。

Until the Roman Empire became converted to Christianity around 312 AD, there was tremendous danger if even groups of five Christians would meet, unless they were all certain that they were trusted friends, or else they all might soon be executed.直到羅馬帝國成為轉換為基督教周圍312 AD,有巨大的危險,即使五基督徒的團體,除非他們都是肯定的是,他們是值得信賴的朋友,否則他們都可能很快就會被執行。

In addition, if Roman soldiers discovered ANY evidence that any person might have even associated with Christians, that person was likely to be imprisoned and probably killed.此外,如果羅馬士兵發現任何證據表明任何人,甚至可能與基督徒,那人卻可能被監禁,並可能被打死。 So virtually no Christian would dare ever even carry any icon that suggested Christianity, and whether they were capable of reading it or not, no one would dare even possess any scroll or manuscript which refered in any way to Christianity.因此,幾乎沒有基督教就敢以往任何時候都進行任何圖標,表明基督教,他們是否能夠或不,,沒人敢甚至擁有任何滾動,或以任何方式向基督教手稿,參照。

The result of all this is that there was no possible way that anyone could have accurately known how many Christians there were during the first three Centuries.這一切的結果是,有沒有可能的方式,任何人都可以準確地知道有多少基督徒在最初的三個世紀。 Once the Roman Empire adopted Christianity, then the organization and bureaucracy of the Roman Empire was used to collect and save many Christian documents.一旦羅馬帝國信奉了基督教,那麼該組織和官僚作風的羅馬帝國被用來收集和保存許多基督徒文件。 This resulted in a sudden tremendous increase in the number of Christian documents beginning around 317 AD.這導致了在公元大約317年開始的基督教文件的數量突然大幅增加。 At least 9,000 separate manuscripts are now known from the Early Christian Church, but only a few dozen of those are known to be from earlier than 317 AD.現在已知至少有9000家獨立的手稿從早期的基督教教堂,但只有幾十個,這些被稱為是早於317 AD。

There have been a number of authors who have published recent books about the number of early Christians.已經有一些作者已發表的最近的著作早期的基督徒的數量。 Unfortunately, for the reasons described above, none of those modern authors had any significant accurate information available upon to build estimates.不幸的是,由於上述原因,沒​​有這些現代作家有任何顯著準確的信息建立估計。 So those authors have tended to speculate widely differing numbers, none of which probably had any better or worse value than the others.因此,這些作者都傾向於猜測各種不同的數字,其中可能有比別人更好或更壞的價值。

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