Mount Thabor, Tabor Thabor,他泊山

Catholic Information 天主教信息

The name of Mount Thabor, is rendered in the Septuagint as Tabor, and in Jeremias and Osee as .的名稱Thabor山,呈現在七十泰伯,在耶利米時代奧視作為。 It is under this last form (Itabyrion or Atabyrion) that the mount figures in the historical works of the ancients.正是在這最後的形式(Itabyrion或Atabyrion),安裝在古人的歷史著作的數字。 The Arabs call it Jebel et Tur (mountain of mountains), a name which they give likewise to Mounts Garizim, Sinai, and Olivet.阿拉伯人稱它為JEBEL等圖爾(山山),一個名字,他們給同樣的的底座Garizim,西奈半島和橄欖山。 Mount Thabor is distinguished among the mountains of Palestine for its picturesque site, its graceful outline, the remarkable vegetation which covers its sides of calcareous rock, and the splendour of the view from its summit. Thabor山的區別在群山之中的巴勒斯坦其風景如畫的網站,其優美的輪廓,顯著的植被覆蓋其兩側的石灰質岩石,從山頂的輝煌。 Nearly isolated on all sides and almost hemispherical in shape it rises in a peak 1650 feet above the Plain of Esdraelon, which it bounds on the north and east, about five miles south-east of Nazareth.幾乎被隔絕在各方面的幾乎半球形上升的的平原Esdraelon邊界,它在北部和東部,東南約五英里的拿撒勒的峰值1650英尺以上。 It attains a height of 1843 feet above the level of the Mediterranean and of 2540 feet above that of the Lake of Tiberias.高度可達到1843英尺以上級別的地中海和2540英尺以上的太巴列湖。 Josephus (Bell. Jud., IV, i, 8) gives it a height of thirty stadia, or 18,201 feet, but he doubtless made use of the figure (four stadia or 2427 feet), which the copyist must have replaced by (thirty).約瑟夫(Bell.珠士,四,一,8),給它一個高度為30的球場,或18201英尺的,但毫無疑問,他利用的身影(四體育館或2427英尺的),抄寫所取代(30 )。 The summit forms an oblong plateau about 3000 feet long, from north-west to south-east, by 1000 wide.本次峰會形成的約3000英尺長的橢圓形高原,從西北向東南,由1000寬。 The eye is immediately attracted to the north-east by the gigantic masses of Great Hermon, then to the Valley of the Jordan, the Lake of Tiberias and the mountain chains of Hauran, Basan, and Galaad.眼睛立刻吸引了東北大黑門山的巨大的群眾,然後在約旦河谷,太巴列湖和山脈的Hauran,八三,基列。 To the south are Naim and Endor at the foot of Jebel Daby or Mount Moreh (Judges 7:1), wrongly identified by Eusebius and St. Jerome with Little Hermon (Ps. xli, 7); somewhat farther off is seen Mount Gelboe.南都Naim和恩多在腳下的Jebel Daby或摩利山(士7:1),錯誤地認定尤西比烏斯和圣杰羅姆小赫爾蒙山(詩四十一,7);有些更遠關山Gelboe。 Westward the rich plain of Esdrelon stretches as far as Mount Carmel and innumerable Biblical and historical localities stir thoughts of the past.大話豐富的的Esdrelon平原延伸攪拌迦密山和無數的聖經和歷史的地方過去的思想。

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Mount Thabor is the object of poetical comparisons on the part of the Psalmist (Ps. lxxxviii, 13), the Prophet Jeremias (xlvi, 18), and the Prophet Osee (v, 1). Thabor山是詩意的詩人“(詩LXXXVIII,13),先知耶利米(四十六,18),和先知時代奧視(V,1)的部分比較的對象。 The beautiful mountain also played an important part in history.美麗的山在歷史上也發揮了重要作用。 There the Prophetess Debbora secretly assembled 10,000 Israelites under the command of Barac, who subsequently swept down upon the army of Sisara and put it to flight at the torrent of Cison (Judges 6:2-7:18-19).有先知Debbora偷偷組裝萬以色列人對巴拉克的指揮下,隨後衝下的軍隊Sisara後把它飛行在奇松(法官6:2-7:18-19)的洪流中。 At the division of the Promised Land, Thabor formed the boundary between Isachar and Zabulon (Joshua 19:22).在師應許之地,,Thabor形成之間的邊界Isachar和西布倫(喬舒亞19:22)。 Within the tribe of Zabulon, but near Dabereth, a city of Isachar, the Book of Josue (xix, 12) mentions the city of Coseleththabor, in Hebrew Chisloth-Thabor, which means "slope or side of Thabor".在西布倫支派中,但近Dabereth的,一個城市的Isachar,書若蘇埃(19,12)中提到的城市Coseleththabor在希伯來文Chisloth-Thabor是否這意味著“斜率或側Thabor”的。 I Par.我標準桿。 (vi, 77) also speaks of a city of Zabulon called simply Thabor and assigned to the Levites descended from Merari. (六,77)也說,一個城市西布倫簡稱為Thabor和分配給米拉利的後裔,利未人。 This is an abbreviated form of the name of the same city, and is probably the same as that which as Dabour figures among the Galilean cities conquered by Rameses II, according to the "Papyrus Anastasii" (I, xxii, 2).這是在同一個城市的名稱的縮寫形式,大概是一樣的,伽利略拉美西斯二世征服的城市,根據“紙莎草紙Anastasii”(一,二十二,2)之間的Dabour數字。 Polybius (Hist., V, lxx, 6) relates that in 218 BC Antiochus the Great captured by stratagem the city of Atabyrion in Galilee.波里(Hist.,V,lxx,6)有關,在公元前218年拍攝的戰略安提阿哥大的城市Atabyrion在加利利。 History makes no further mention of this city, not even in connexion with the bloody battles fought at the foot of Mount Thabor in 53 BC between Alexander, the son of Aristobulus, and Gabinius, the lieutenant of Pompey ("Ant. Jud.", XIV, vi, 3; "Bell. Jud.", I, viii, 7).歷史沒有再提到這個城市,甚至沒有就此Thabor山腳下的阿里斯托布魯斯的兒子,亞歷山大,和加比紐斯,中尉龐培(“螞蟻。猶在公元前53之間的血腥戰役。”十四,六,“貝爾士。”,I,VIII,7)。 Eusebius alone again refers to it in the words "Dabira … a village of the Jews on Mount Thabor" ("Onom.", ed. Klostermann, 78).尤西比烏斯再次孤身單影,是指它中的“Dabira ...山Thabor一個村莊的猶太人”(“ONOM。”,版。Klostermann,78)。 Dabereth (Joshua 19:12; 21:28) is indisputably the modern village of Dabûriyéh, at the foot of Mount Thabor towards the west.約書亞記19:12; 21:28)Dabereth(無疑是現代的Dabûriyéh村的,在​​向西部Thabor山腳下。

A ten minutes' ascent northward from Nazareth brings one to the ruins of a Hebrew place called by the natives Khirbet Daboura (ruins of Daboura) and also Abu Amoûd (father of columns).向北從拿撒勒一個10分鐘的上升帶來了一的廢墟的希伯來地方叫當地人遺跡Daboura(廢墟中Daboura)和阿布·阿穆德(父親列)。 This is the site of the Biblical Ciseleth Thabor, of the Daboura of the Egyptians, and the Atabyrion of the Greeks.這是該網站的“聖經”Ciseleth Thabor,了埃及人的Daboura,和Atabyrion的希臘人。 It commanded the road of caravans and armies.駝隊和軍隊指揮的道路。 During the revolt of the Jews against the Romans, Josephus surrounded "the plateau of Thabor" with a wall of circumvallation twenty-six stadia or about two miles in circumference, which task was accomplished in forty days.猶太人對羅馬人的起義期間,約瑟夫包圍“的高原Thabor”城牆26場館的牆壁或周長大約兩英里,在四天內完成任務。 This formed a kind of entrenched camp where the rebels, pursued from all directions, sought refuge in order to organize their last stand.這形成了一種根深蒂固的營地,那裡的反政府武裝,來自四面八方的追求,為了尋求庇護,組織他們的最後一站。 Vespasian's lieutenant, Placidus, marched against them with a force of 600 horsemen, enticed them into the plain by stratagem, and completely defeated them ("Vita", 37; "Bell. Jud.", II, iv, xx, 6; i, 8).維斯帕先的中尉,普拉西度斯,遊行反對他們的600騎兵的力量,吸引他們到平原的戰略,並徹底擊敗他們(“簡歷”,37,“貝爾。士。”,II,IV,XX,6;我,8)。 In the fourth century of our era Mount Thabor, which was acknowledged as the scene of Christ's Transfiguration, became a place of pilgrimage and was surmounted by a basilica and several churches and chapels.在第四世紀的我們這個時代的山Thabor,被認定為現場基督的變身,成為一個朝聖的地方,並克服了一個教堂和幾個教會和教堂。 In 1101 the Benedictine monks rebuilt the sacred edifices and erected a fortified abbey, where they withstood several attacks by the Saracens, but after the battle of Hattin (1187) they had to abandon the mountain. 1101年的本篤會僧侶重建的神聖的高樓,築起了一道強化修道院,撒拉遜人,他們經受住了幾次進攻,但哈廷(1187)的戰鬥後,他們不得不放棄了山。 Melek el Adel built there (1210-12) a large and solid fortress which the Crusaders attacked in vain in 1217; in the following year Melek el Adel caused it to be dismantled.梅萊克EL,阿德爾建有一個龐大而堅實的堡壘十字軍進攻徒勞的在1217年(1210年至1212年),在下一年度梅萊克EL阿德爾造成它被拆除。 The plateau of Mount Thabor is now occupied by Franciscans and Schismatic Greek monks.現在佔領的高原山Thabor方濟會和分裂希臘的僧侶。

Publication information Written by Barnabas Meistermann.出版作者:巴拿巴Meistermann。 Transcribed by WGKofron.轉錄的WGKofron。 With thanks to Fr.感謝神父。 John Hilkert, Akron, Ohio The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XIV.約翰Hilkert,阿克倫,俄亥俄天主教百科全書,體積十四。 Published 1912.發布時間1912年。 New York: Robert Appleton Company.紐約:羅伯特·阿普爾頓公司。 Nihil Obstat, July 1, 1912. Nihil Obstat 7月1日,1912。 Remy Lafort, STD, Censor.人頭馬lafort,性病,檢查員。 Imprimatur.的認可。 +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York +約翰法利樞機主教,大主教紐約

Bibliography 參考書目
ROBINSON, Biblical Researtches in Palestine, III (Boston, 1841); Survey of W. Pal. ROBINSON,聖經Researtches在巴勒斯坦,III(波士頓,1841年); W.帕爾調查。 Memoirs, (London, 1881); GUÉRIN, Description de la Palestine: Galilée (Paris, 1880); MEISTERMANN, Le mons Thabor (Paris, 1900).回憶錄“,(倫敦,1881年),:卡介苗,說明德拉巴勒斯坦加利利(巴黎,1880年); MEISTERMANN,樂阜Thabor(巴黎,1900年)。

Mount Tabor他泊山。

Orthodox Information 東正教信息

Mount Tabor is a hill in the Holy Land near Nazareth. 摩塔伯爾是在拿撒勒聖地附近的一座小山上。 It is believed by many to be the site of the Transfiguration of Christ.這是被許多人認為是網站的基督變容。


Jewish Information 猶太信息

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Mountain of Palestine, the modern Jabal al-Ṭur, on the northern edge of the plain of Jezreel.巴勒斯坦山,現代的Jabal al-TUR,在耶斯列平原的北部邊緣。 It is a dome-shaped hill with softly rounded outlines, and rises about 400 m.這是一個圓頂形小山與輕聲四捨五入的輪廓,並上升到約400米。 above the surrounding plain and 562 m.高於周圍的平原和562米。 above sea-level.在海平面之上。 Standing out boldly on all sides, except in the northeast, where a low ridge connects it with the hill-country of Nazareth, it rises high above all the elevations in its vicinity and forms a landmark visible at a great distance.大膽地在各方面,除了在東北,低脊山國家拿撒勒人連接,它聳立在其附近的所有海拔高度以上,並形成一個具有里程碑意義可見在很遠的距離。 From the southwest it forms almost a semicircle.從西南,它幾乎形成半圓。 Its beauty and symmetry, together with its isolated position, render it, like Carmel and Hermon, important in history and tradition (Jer. xlvi. 18; Ps. lxxxix. 13 [AV 12]).它的美,對稱,連同其孤立的位置,使其像迦密山和黑門,重要的歷史和傳統(耶四十六18;詩LXXXIX。13 [AV])。 In ancient times it formed the boundary between Zebulun, Issachar, and Naphtali (Judges iv. 6, 12, 14); and there Barak assembled his army to battle against Sisera ( ib. iv. 6), while it was also the center of an ancient cult (Hos. v. 1).在古代,它形成了以薩迦,西布倫,拿弗他利(的法官(四)6,12,14)之間的邊界;巴拉克召集他的軍隊對抗西西拉( 同上,四,六),同時它也是中心的一個古老的崇拜(何西阿書第1節)。 The Tabor mentioned in Judges viii.塔博爾中提到的法官第八。 18 must not be identified with this mountain, even in case the text does not require emendation (comp. 18必須不能確定與此山中,即使在文本不需要校正(化合物 Moore, "Judges," p.摩爾,“法官”。 228), but is rather to be localized in the vicinity of Ophrah, the home of Gideon. 228),而不是被局限在俄弗拉,基甸的家附近的。 In like manner "the plain of Tabor" mentioned in I Sam.以類似的方式“,他泊的橡樹在我心”中提到的。 x. X。 3 has no connection with the mountain under consideration, but the name seems to have been a frequent designation for places in the territory of Benjamin. 3沒有連接與山正在考慮,但這個名字似乎一直是一個經常在便雅憫境內指定的地方。

In later Jewish history Tabor is mentioned in the wars between Antiochus III., the Great, and Ptolemy VII., Philopator, the city of Atabyrium, which was situated on this mountain, being taken by Antiochus in 218 BC In 55 BC the proconsul Gabinius, the general of Pompey, defeated Alexander, the son of Aristobulus, in a bloody battle at the foot of Tabor.在後來的猶太歷史塔博爾中提到的安條克三世之間的戰爭,大和托勒密第七,Philopator,全市的Atabyrium,這是坐落在這座山上,所採取的安提阿哥在公元前218年,公元前55年的proconsul Gabinius ,一般的龐培,擊敗了亞歷山大,的亞里斯多布魯斯的兒子,在他泊山腳下的一場血腥的戰鬥。 The mountain was fortified against Vespasian by Josephus as governor of Galilee (67 CE); but lack of water compelled those who survived the defeat in the plain to surrender to the general Placidus (Josephus, "BJ" iv. 1, § 8; idem , "Vita," § 37).山被強化對維斯帕先約瑟夫作為州長的加利利(67 CE);但水的缺乏迫使那些倖存下來的在平原戰敗投降的一般普拉西度斯(約瑟夫,“BJ”(四)1,§8, 同上 ,“履歷表”,§37)。

The sanctity ascribed to the mountain from very early times reappears in Christian legend; for the Gospel according to the Hebrews designates it as the scene of the transfiguration of Jesus (Matt. xvii. 1; Mark ix. 2; Luke ix. 28), and as early as the fourth century churches and monasteries were built on its summit.賦予的神聖的山,從非常早的時期重新出現在基督教傳說中的福音根據希伯來人,將其指定為現場的變身耶穌(太十七。馬克九。2,路九28),早在第四世紀的教堂和修道院建在它的山頂。 This tradition is incorrect, however; for a comparison of the statements of the Evangelists shows that they localized the event on a mountain north of the Lake of Gennesaret.這個傳統是不正確的,但是,報表的福音的比較表明,革尼撒勒湖在山北的本地化的事件。

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A city of Zebulun bordering on Issachar (Josh. xix. 22); a priestly city of the family of Merari (I Chron. vi. 62 [AV 77]).西布倫的一個城市,以薩迦(書十九22);接壤的祭司市米拉利的家庭(我專欄。(六)62 [AV 77])。 It was situated on a peak of the mountain of the same name, and covered a level surface of considerable extent, being about 900 m.它位於同一個名字的山的高峰期,水平的表面上覆蓋了相當大的程度上,約900米。 from east to west and 400 m.從東到西和400米。 from south to north, with a periphery, according to Josephus, of 26 stadia.從南到北,周邊,根據約瑟夫,26個體育場館。 The place existed even in the post-exilic period.這個地方存在,甚至在後放逐期間。 Polybius (v. 70) calls it "Atabyrium"; and the walls with which Josephus fortified it may very possibly correspond to the outer walls of the peak in modern times.波利比奧斯(70節)稱“Atabyrium”,和牆壁與約瑟夫強化的,它很可能對應的外壁上近代的高峰期。

Survey of Western Palestine , i. 調查西方巴勒斯坦 ,我。 388 et seq. ; Robinson, Researches , pp. 351 et seq. ; GA Smith, Historical Geography of the Holy Land , pp. 394 et seq.; 388 及以下;羅賓遜, 研究 ,第351 及以下; GA史密斯的聖地歷史地理學 ,頁394 以下。
Barnabé, Le Mont Thabor , Paris, 1900 巴納比,LE MONT Thabor,巴黎,1900年

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