General Information 一般資料

In the Judeo Christian tradition, Satan, from the Hebrew word for "adversary," is the principal figure of the demonic world that is hostile to God and his will.在猶太教和基督教的傳統,撒旦,從希伯萊語意為"敵手" ,是政府的主要數字的惡魔般的世界是敵視上帝和他的意志。 In the Old Testament (for example, the Book of Job), Satan is presented as a distinct personality of darkness and accusation - the heavenly prosecutor.在舊約(例如,這本書的工作) ,撒旦是作為一個獨特個性的黑暗和指責-天朝檢察官。 A fuller expression of his role is presented in the New Testament, where he is called "the tempter," "the slanderer," "the enemy," "the liar," and "the angel of the bottomless pit."更充分地表達他的角色是在新約聖經,在那裡他被稱為" tempter " , " slanderer " , "敵人" , "騙子" , "天使的無底洞" 。 Collectively, these titles present Satan as the one who has the power of death, rules with lies and deception, accuses humankind before God, and opposes the purpose of God in the world (while remaining obedient to God).集體,這些稱呼,目前撒旦作為一個人已經死亡的力量,規則與謊言和欺騙,指人類在上帝面前,反對的目的,上帝在世界上(而其餘順從真主) 。

The Bible nowhere explains Satan's origin, but in both testaments he is presented as a part of the created order rather than as an eternal entity. 經文都沒有撒旦的出身,但都證明了他是作為一個部分的製造秩序,而不是作為一個永恆的實體。 Although no explanation is given in the Bible for God's allowing Satan to exist, it does indicate that his time is short (only for this age of time and history) and his end is certain - ultimately he will be banished by the Messiah.雖然沒有任何的解釋是,由於在聖經中上帝的允許撒旦存在, 它確實表明他的時間很短 (僅適用於這個時代了時間和歷史的) ,他的結局是肯定的-他最終將被放逐由彌賽亞。

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This concept of a temporal dualism in which Satan has influence is brought to expression most clearly in apocalyptic literature, such as the Book of Revelation.這個概念的一種時序兩重性影響,其中有撒旦的影響力所帶來的是表達最清楚,在世界末日的文學,如這本書的啟示。 Two ages are reflected in apocalyptic cosmology: "this age" and "the age to come."兩名年齡分別反映在世界末日的宇宙說: "這時代"和"時代報來" 。 Satan appears to be prevailing in this age, but in the age to come God will clearly display his sovereignty.撒旦似乎是普遍存在的,在這個年齡段,但在年齡來上帝會清楚地展現他的主權。 In later Christian tradition Satan was described as a fallen angel.在後來的基督教傳統,撒旦被形容為倒下的天使。

The concept of a leader of the powers of darkness found expression in cultures outside the Hebrew tradition.觀念的領導人,權力的黑暗表現在文化之外的希伯來傳統。 The Babylonians, Chaldeans, and Persians believed in a dualism between the forces of darkness and light.巴比倫人,迦勒底,波斯人認為,在一個二元對立勢力之間的黑暗與光明。 Ahriman, in Zoroastrianism, and Set, in Egyptian mythology, manifest characteristics similar to Satan's. ahriman ,在zoroastrianism ,並成立,在古埃及神話中,表現出的特徵相似,撒旦的。

Douglas Ezell道格拉斯ezell

Bibliography 參考書目
E Langton, Satan, A Portrait: A Study of the Character of Satan through all the Ages (1973); TO Ling, The Significance of Satan (1961); JB Russell, Mephistopheles: The Devil in the Modern World (1986); W Woods, A History of the Devil (1973). e langton ,撒旦的肖像:一個研究性質的撒旦所有年齡( 1973年) ;向玲,意義撒旦( 1961年) ;了JB羅素, mephistopheles :魔鬼在現代世界( 1986 ) ;瓦特老虎伍茲,一個歷史的魔鬼( 1973 ) 。


Advanced Information 先進的信息

Satan (Heb. satan, adversary ).撒旦(希伯來書撒旦對手) 。 The devil, a high angelic creature who, before the creation of the human race, rebelled against the Creator and became the chief antagonist of God and man.魔鬼,高天使造物的人,才創造了人類,反抗造物主,並成為行政拮抗劑的神人。 Theologians to a large extent have refused to apply the far-reaching prophecies of Isa.神學家在相當大的程度上都拒絕適用深遠的預言伊薩。 14:12-14 and Ezek. 14:12-14和ezek 。 28:12-15 to Satan under the contention that they are addressed solely to the king of Babylon in the first instance and to the king of Tyre in the second. 28:12-15撒但下,他們認為他們是針對純粹是巴比倫王在一審和向國王的輪胎在第二。 Others contend that this interpretation is unwarranted for two reasons.其他人則認為,這種解釋是不必要的,原因有兩個。 First, it fails to take into account the fact that these prophecies far transcend any earthly ruler and, second, it ignores the close connection Satan has in Scripture with the government of the satanic world system (Dan. 10:13; Eph. 6:12) of which both ancient Babylon and Tyre were an inseparable part.首先,它沒有考慮到一個事實,即這些預言遠遠超越任何俗世的統治者及第二,它忽略了緊密結合撒旦已在經文中,與政府的撒旦世界體系( dan. 10:13 ;以弗所書6 : 12 ) ,其中既古巴比倫和輪胎的一個不可分割的組成部分。 In their full scope these passages paint Satan's past career as "Lucifer" and as "the Anointed Cherub" in his prefall splendor.他們充分發揮這些通道油漆撒旦的過去生涯中的"阿"和"不信任與Cherub "在他的prefall光彩。 They portray as well his apostasy in drawing with him a great multitude of lesser celestial creatures (Rev. 12:4), making him "the Evil One" or "the Tempter."他們描繪,以及他的叛教在繪畫與他的偉大千頭萬緒較小的天體生物(啟示錄12:4 ) ,使他的"邪惡"或" tempter " 。

These fallen angels (demons) fit into two classes: those that are free and those that are bound.這些墮落的天使(魔鬼)適合分成兩個班:那些免費和那些受約束。 The former roam the heavenlies with their prince-leader Satan (Matt. 12:24) and as his emissaries are so numerous as to make Satan's power practically ubiquitous.前者漫遊heavenlies與王子-領袖撒旦。 ( 12時24分) ,並作為他的使者,是如此之多,以使撒旦的權力幾乎無處不在。 The angels (demons) that are bound are evidently guilty of more heinous wickedness and are incarcerated in Tartarus (II Pet. 2:4; Jude 6).天使(魔鬼) ,這是必然,顯然犯了更令人髮指的罪惡,被關押在tartarus (二寵物。 2時04分;裘德6 ) 。 Many theologians connect these imprisoned demons with fallen angels who cohabited with mortal women (Gen. 6:1-4).許多神學家連接這些被囚禁魔鬼與墮落的天使,他們同居與凡人婦女(創6:1-4 ) 。

Satan caused the fall of the human race as "the Serpent" (Gen. 3).撒旦造成秋季人類為"毒蛇" (創3 ) 。 His judgment was predicted in Eden (vs. 15), and this was accomplished at the cross (John 12:13-33).他的判斷是預言,在伊甸園(相對於15 ) ,這是完成在十字架(約翰12:13-33 ) 。 As created, his power was second only to God (Ezek. 28:11-16).作為創造了,他的權力僅次於神( ezek. 28:11-16 ) 。 He is nevertheless only a creature, limited, and permitted to have power by divine omnipotence and omniscience.他不過只是一個受造物,有限的,不允許有權力神聖的全能和無所不知。

The biblical doctrine of Satan is not a copying of Persian dualism as some scholars unsoundly allege.聖經教義的撒旦,是不是抄襲的波斯語二元正如一些學者unsoundly指控。 Although Satan, even after his judgment in the cross (Col. 2:15), continues to reign as a usurper (II Cor. 4:4), and works in tempting and accusing men (Rev. 12:10), he is to be ousted from the heavenlies (vss. 7-12) as well as the earth (5:1-19:16), and is to be confined to the abyss for a thousand years (20:1-3).雖然撒旦,即使經過他的判斷,在交叉(上校2時15分) ,如果繼續統治作為一個篡權(二肺心病。 4時04分) ,及工務局在誘人的,並指責男(啟示錄12:10 ) ,他是被驅逐出該heavenlies ( vss. 7-12 ) ,以及地球( 5:1-19:16 ) ,並應僅限於深淵,為1000年( 20:1-3 ) 。

When released from the abyss at the end of the thousand years, he will make one last mad attempt to lead his armies against God (Rev. 20:8-9).當釋放出苦海於去年底的1000年,他將做最後一次瘋狂,試圖帶領他的軍隊對抗上帝(啟示錄20:8-9 ) 。 This will result in his final doom when he is cast into the lake of fire (vs. 10), which has been prepared for him and his wicked angelic accomplices (Matt. 25:41).這將導致在他的末劫時期的時候,他是投在湖的火災(相對於10 ) ,其中已準備為他和他的邪惡天使的幫兇。 ( 25:41 ) 。 This will be the one place where evil angels and unsaved men will be kept and quarantined so that the rest of God's sinless universe will not be corrupted in the eternal state.這將是一個地方邪惡天使和未信者將會妥善保管和隔離,使其餘的上帝的罪孽宇宙中不會被損壞的,在永恆的狀態。

Satan's present work is widespread and destructive.撒旦的,目前的工作是廣泛的和毀滅性的。 God permits his evil activity for the time being.上帝許可他的邪惡活動,為的時候。 Demons must do Satan's bidding.魔必須做撒旦之輩。 The unsaved are largely under Satan's authority, and he rules them through the evil world system over which he is head and of which the unregenerate are a part (Isa. 14:12-17; II Cor. 4:3-4; Eph. 2:2; Col. 1:13).在未信,主要是根據撒旦的權威,他的規則,通過他們的罪惡世界體系,他是頭,其中unregenerate是一部分(以賽亞書14:12-17 ;二,肺心病。 4:3-4 ;厄。 2:2 ;上校1:13 ) 。

As far as the saved are concerned, Satan is in continued conflict with them (Eph. 6:11-18), tempts them, and seeks to corrupt and destroy their testimony, and even their physical life (I Cor. 5:5; I John 5:16).據節省下來的是,撒旦是在持續不斷的衝突與他們(以弗所書6:11-18 ) ,誘騙他們,並試圖舞弊,並摧毀他們的證詞,甚至他們的生理生命(我肺心病。 5:5 ;約翰5:16 ) 。 Satanic and demonic fury were unleashed against the incarnate Christ.撒旦和惡魔般的憤怒被釋放出對肉身的基督。 The power of a sinless humanity called forth special satanic temptation of our Lord (Matt. 4:1-11).電力一個罪孽人性煥發出特殊撒旦的誘惑,我們的主。 ( 4:1-11 ) 。 The full glow of light manifested in the earthly life of him who was "the light of the world" (John 8:12) exposed the darkness of the powers of evil.充分輝光輕體現在俗世的生活中,他是"世界的光" (約翰8時12分)揭露黑暗的權力的邪惡。 This is the explanation of the unprecedented outburst of demonism that is described in the Gospel narratives.這是解釋的空前突出的demonism這是形容在福音的敘述。 It was because God anointed Jesus of Nazareth "with the Holy Spirit and with power" that he "went about doing good and healing all that were oppressed by the devil" (Acts 10:38).這是因為上帝選定的拿撒勒的耶穌"聖靈與權力" ,他"去約行善和癒合所有被壓迫的魔鬼" (使徒行10:38 ) 。

MF Unger中頻unger
(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary) ( Elwell宣布了福音字典)

Bibliography 參考書目
LS Chafer, Systematic Theology, II, 33-98; W. Robinson, The Devil and God; E. Langton, Satan: A Portrait; H. Bietenhard et al., NIDNTT, III, 468ff.; E. Lewis, The Creator and the Adversary; DW Pentecost, Your Adversary, the Devil; G. von Rad and W. Foerster, TDNT, II, 71ff.; RS Kluger, Satan in the OT; FA Tatford, The Prince of Darkness.律師金龜子的,有系統的神學,二, 33-98 ;總統羅賓遜,魔鬼和上帝;體育langton ,撒旦:肖像;每小時bietenhard等人, nidntt ,三, 468ff 。 ;體育劉易斯,造物主和對手;德國之聲五旬,你的對手的情況下,魔鬼; g.馮RAD數據通信公司和W.屬Apanteles Foerster , tdnt ,二, 71ff 。 ;盧比kluger ,撒旦在城市旅遊局;發tatford ,黑暗王子。

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