General Information

The Gemara (Aramaic "completion" or "perfection"), in Judaism, is either of the commentaries contained in the two versions of the Talmud, the Babylonian and the Palestinian. The Gemara pertaining to the Babylonian Talmud is written in East Aramaic, and that pertaining to the Palestinian Talmud is written in West Aramaic. The Gemara includes discussions, explanations, and amplifications of the Mishnah, the traditional doctrine of Judaism developed by rabbinical decisions during the first few centuries of the Christian era. Of the two commentaries, the Gemara of the Babylonian Talmud is the more extensive and elaborated.

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The individual articles presented here were generally first published in the early 1980s. This subject presentation was first placed on the Internet in December 1997.

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