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Book of Zephaniah

(zef' - uh - ny' - uh)

General Information

Ninth of the 12 Minor Prophets of the Old Testament of the Bible, the Book of Zephaniah draws its name from the prophet Zephaniah, whose ministry places its authorship at c. 630 BC in Jerusalem. The book comprises sayings attacking imitations of foreign religious practices, idolatry, and those who doubt the threat of the Lord's wrath. The day of the Lord is thus a key concept, with possibility for deliverance if the people repent. The judgment on the day of the Lord will leave a humble remnant that will seek its refuge in the Lord. The oracles against foreign nations (chaps. 2 - 3) are believed to contain some genuine sayings of the prophet, but other sayings in these chapters probably date from the postexilic period.

George W Coats

J H Eaton, Obadiah, Nahum, Habakkuk, and Zephaniah (1969); J A Soggin, Introduction to the Old Testament (1976).

Book of Zephaniah

Brief Outline

  1. Judgment on Judah and Jerusalem (1-2:3)
  2. Judgment on Philistia, Moab, Ammon, Assyria (2:4-15)
  3. Judgment on Jerusalem (3:1-8)
  4. Effects of Judgment (3:9-13)
  5. Restoration of Israel (3:14-20)


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