We want to be able to breathe!
What are Greta Thunberg and her millions of followers going to breathe in order to LIVE as old people? By then, we may have already permanently used up 8,000,000,000,000 tons of oxygen from our atmosphere, entirely to chemically be able to burn up fossil fuels to provide energy we want.
Basic chemistry. In order for you to burn 5 tons of Natural Gas to heat your home each winter, you need to find 10 tons of oxygen from our atmosphere. That combustion chemistry is simple, to burn the carbon in your Natural Gas to produce (brand new) 13.75 tons of carbon dioxide to create the heat you want (C + O → CO2) plus the heat energy you want. You will send that 13.75 tons of gas essentially PERMANENTLY back up into the atmosphere. You will also have to remove about another 10 tons of that atmospheric oxygen to burn the hydrogen in your Natural Gas to produce 11.25 tons of water vapor (H + O → H2O) plus some more heat energy you want. Greta has gotten us interested in the 13.75 tons of carbon dioxide that you send up into the atmosphere. No one cares about the 11.25 tons of water vapor that you also send up there, as it will eventually rain and snow back down on us! I am personally more interested in the 20 tons of oxygen that you PERMANENTLY REMOVE from the atmosphere. In ancient times, when there were only a few of us, there was not much problem. But now there are more than 3 billion more buildings that we do the same to heat each winter. Collectively, we remove about 15 billion tons of Natural Gas from the Earth, and we send about 41.25 billion tons of carbon dioxide back up into the atmosphere. But we do not notice that each winter, we PERMANENTLY REMOVE 60 billion tons of oxygen out of the atmosphere. We actually remove and use even more Fossil Fuels and need oxygen to burn all of it and we PERMANENTLY REMOVE 125 billion tons of oxygen out of the atmosphere, every year. Nobody talks about that, but I would rather be able to BREATHE!
Greta is smart enough to want each and all of you to immediately stop burning Fossil Fuels. She happens to be right about that!
First, you will need to pay a giant utility company about $2,000 to buy about 5 tons of Natural Gas to heat your home for an entire winter. However, you can't use it until you chemically oxidize it. It turns out that you need to find about 20 tons of oxygen to do that. You need to find that oxygen in the atmosphere. Natural Gas is chemically CH4 so you need to chemically burn it to produce the heat you want. You will permanently have to remove about ten tons of that oxygen from the Earth's atmosphere to burn the carbon in your Natural Gas to produce (brand new) carbon dioxide to create the heat you want (C + O → CO2) plus the heat energy you want). You will also have to remove about another ten tons of that oxygen from the Earth's atmosphere to burn the hydrogen in your Natural Gas to produce water vapor (H + O → H2O) plus some more heat energy you want). Every winter you do that, removing about 20 tons of oxygen from our atmosphere, along with three billions of other humans that do the same. Just to heat our homes and buildings, every winter, we create a brand new 22,000,000,000 tons of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere (as Greta Thunberg has explained to us, which we call Global Warming) by removing about 69,000,000,000 tons of oxygen from the atmosphere, roughly half of that permanently. I would personally rather be able to breathe that oxygen.
First, you will need to pay a giant utility company about $2,000 to buy coal. Roughly 51% of all the electricity used in the United States is chemically created by burning the Fossil Fuel coal. However, you can't use it until you chemically oxidize it. It turns out that you need to find about 17 tons of oxygen to do that. You need to find that oxygen in the atmosphere. Coal is chemically Carbon so you need to chemically burn it to create carbon dioxide to produce the electricity you want. You will permanently have to remove about seventeen tons of that oxygen from the Earth's atmosphere to burn your Coal to produce carbon dioxide (C + O → CO2) and the electricity we want to use). Every year you do that, along with seven billion other humans that do the same. Just to create all the electricity we enjoy using every year, we create a brand new 8,000,000,000 tons of carbon dioxide (as Greta Thunberg has explained to us) we remove about 35,000,000,000 tons of oxygen from the atmosphere, permanently. I would personally rather be able to breathe that oxygen.
If so, you contribute to the 35,000,000,000 tons of that annual permanent removal of oxygen from the Earth's atmosphere which you cause by the oxidation of the Gasoline or Jet Fuel or Diesel or AvGas to power your vehicle(s) around. First, you will need to buy hundreds of dollars of gasoline or diesel fuel or AvGas or Jet Fuel . These fuels are chemically created by processing the Fossil Fuel petroleum. However, you can't use it until you chemically oxidize it. It turns out that your vehicle needs to find about 13 tons of oxygen to do that. You need to find that oxygen in the atmosphere. Petroleum is mostly chemically Carbon so you need to chemically burn any of those fuels to create carbon dioxide to produce the motion you want. You will permanently have to remove about thirteen tons of that oxygen from the Earth's atmosphere to burn your petroleum to produce carbon dioxide (C + O → CO2) plus the energy of motion). Every year you do that, along with six billion other drivers that do the same. Just to create all the vehicle movements we enjoy using every year, we create a brand new 10,000,000,000 tons of carbon dioxide (as Greta Thunberg has explained to us) we remove about 35,000,000,000 tons of oxygen from the atmosphere, permanently. I would personally rather be able to breathe that oxygen.
Every year, we humans permanently remove about 125,000,000,000 tons of oxygen from the Earth's atmosphere, just to chemically oxidize these Fossil Fuels to get power.
In comparison, every year, we adult male humans inhale 1715 pounds of oxygen in the process of breathing and living, less than a single ton of atmospheric oxygen. The seven billion of us humans only briefly use up about 4,000,000,000 tons of oxygen, a relatively tiny amount.
We humans need to breathe a constant supply of atmospheric oxygen to live. However, in order to heat all our buildings by burning Fossil Fuels, every year, we permanently remove about 69,000,000,000 tons of oxygen from the atmosphere. Unintentionally, we must do that due to the simple chemistry of how we annually create around 22,000,000,000 tons of brand new carbon dioxide (which we call Global Warming). Within a few more decades, we will have (permanently) removed so much oxygen from the atmosphere that breathing will begin to be a struggle for us, and we will begin to die from suffocation!
We have been doing this since around 1940, and every year, there are many billions of tons of oxygen in the atmosphere which permanently disappear (and are instead replaced by the many billions of tons of resulting brand new carbon dioxide of global warming sent up in the atmosphere). The science shows that about every seven years, we permanently remove about another trillion tons of oxygen from the atmosphere. So far, the science shows that we have apparently permanently removed around 12,000,000,000,000 tons of oxygen from the Earth's atmosphere.We humans and mammals and birds need to be able to inhale oxygen in order to breathe and live!
In recent years, Greta Thunberg and her millions of followers have taught us that our massive burning of Fossil Fuels is creating a Global Warming Crisis which is fouling up our weather due to the global warming effects of our (permanently) adding around 22,000,000,000 tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, every year, which has begun to cause the weather effects due to our burning of Fossil Fuels. But no one seems to have realized that we are simultaneously causing an even more deadly effect of permanently removing even several times more oxygen from the atmosphere (around 69,000,000,000 tons of oxygen removed every year), which we and all mammals and birds need even more urgently than any carbon dioxide effects.
In more familiar terms, we say that an average family is adding a Carbon Footprint of around 14 tons of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere due to every winter's heating of their home. Using simple chemistry, we say that the family bought about 5 tons of Natural Gas or Heating Oil (for around $2,000 every winter), and then they burn (oxidize) that Fossil Fuel to create the heat to heat their home. Since Natural Gas is nearly all methane, which is (CH4), we can analyze this chemistry. Using standard atomic weights (a carbon atom is weight 12 and each hydrogen atom is weight 1), we can easily find that the family bought (12/16) of the 5 tons or 3.75 tons of carbon and (4/16) of the 5 tons or 1.25 tons of hydrogen.
When this family oxidizes (burns) the carbon, again using atomic weights, they create (44/12) times as much carbon dioxide (CO2), which is then 13.75 tons of brand new carbon dioxide as that year's Carbon Footprint, which their burning sends up into the atmosphere.
When the family oxidizes (burns) the hydrogen, again using atomic weights, we create (18/2) times as much water vapor (H2O), which is then 11.25 tons of brand new water vapor, which their burning sends up into the atmosphere. Sending water vapor into the lower Earth's atmosphere has minimal effect as the new water vapor soon changes into moisture droplets and so therefore soon disappears.
Between these two chemical reactions, they need to obtain quite a lot of oxygen from the atmosphere. For the carbon oxidation, they will find and use 10 tons of oxygen from the atmosphere (which will permanently be removed from the atmosphere). For the hydrogen oxidation, they will find and use another 10 tons of oxygen from the atmosphere. During a winter, therefore, our family will remove 20 tons of oxygen from the atmosphere, just to heat their home.
There are roughly 3.5 billion buildings on Earth which are heated by burning Fossil Fuels, so this means that we permanently remove about 69,000,000,000 tons of oxygen from the atmosphere, every year, just to heat our homes and buildings.
We also drive vehicles which burn different forms of Fossil Fuels, Gasoline or Diesel or Jet Fuel or AvGas. These chemistries are just as simple, and our driving and transportation and freight requires us to permanently remove another 35,000,000,000 tons of oxygen from the atmosphere every year.
We also burn Fossil Fuels to make the massive amount of electricity which our civilization relies on. In America, roughly 51% of the electricity we produce and use comes from burning coal, another Fossil Fuel. Another 20% of the electricity we produce and use comes from burning Natural Gas, another Fossil Fuel.
Collectively, every year, we humans dig up and burn enough Fossil Fuels that we have to permanently remove around 125,000,000,000 tons of oxygen from the atmosphere!
It took many millions of years for all those Fossil Fuels to form deep inside the Earth. Fortunately, we only discovered all the energy in Fossil Fuels around 1840, and experts at the major oil companies now all predict that they will have dug up (and burned) all the Fossil Fuels in the Earth by about the year 2040 or 2045.
The giant Corporations which had built their reputations on finding and selling Fossil Fuels are now changing their tunes! They each now intend to stop being "oil companies" and instead become Alternative Energy Corporations. This is because they see the future and they see that they are soon to be without any Fossil Fuels to still be able to dig up!
The only open question is therefore, a few decades from now, whether we will have left enough oxygen in the atmosphere after we have totally used up all the Fossil Fuels to get the energy we lust for. If there is still enough oxygen left in the atmosphere that humans and mammals will be able to breathe, we may be OK (although our current unlimited energy supplies will then no longer exist).
Nearly everyone believes that anyone with a shovel could dig up any Fossil Fuel (petroleum, coal or natural gas) and use a match to ignite it to burn it to then create the enormous energy we rely on from Fossil Fuels. That is actually nearly completely wrong! The truth is massively different than that, and it has consequences which are immensely worse than the Global Warming which we have become concerned about! The difference is entirely due to the true importance of the word oxidizing. Nearly everyone is moderately aware of what it means to oxidize but few people seem to know the true scientific implications.
Fossil Fuels were all formed, deep underground, over many millions of years due to there not being any oxygen deep in the Earth. So, back then, those potential fuels could not actually burn (due to the chemical lack of oxygen down there).
When we now raise Fossil Fuels to the surface so we can burn them to obtain all the energy we want to get from the Fossil Fuels, we buy about 5 tons of Fossil Fuels, and then need to obtain about 20 tons of oxygen from the atmosphere to burn the Fossil Fuels and thereby create about 14 tons of carbon dioxide which fouls up our weather. Notice which of these three materials is used in greatest quantity. Unfortunately, that oxygen happens to be the most crucial toward our being able to breathe and live!What about when we drive?
Consider you buying and burning a ton of gasoline. A gallon of gasoline is about 6 pounds, so we are talking about a little over 300 gallons of gasoline, which you are likely to burn up every few months (around 6,000 miles of driving.) Greta and her Fridays for Future are concerned that each gallon of gasoline creates about 18.2 pounds of carbon dioxide which then permanently goes up into our atmosphere to cause Global Warming. Your personal share of Global Warming due to your driving is about 18.2 * 300 or 5,500 pounds of carbon dioxide which you add to the atmosphere after every few months of driving. You are not alone as there are about three billion other drivers also out there, so collectively, you drivers are permanently adding many billions of tons of carbon dioxide up into the atmosphere. Greta Thunberg is right in being concerned about her future as an old person, due to climate effects of this resulting global warming.
However, no one seems to be aware of just where all that brand new carbon dioxide is coming from. There are massive amounts of oxygen from the Earth's atmosphere which need to permanently disappear in order to chemically form all that energy and carbon dioxide. The chemistry cannot be ignored.
And we who enjoy breathing want to know that we are going to leave enough oxygen in the atmosphere for Greta and her followers to enjoy!
This presentation was first placed on the Internet in June 2020.
Carl W. Johnson, Theoretical Physicist, Physics Degree from University of Chicago
FFF USA Thornton (Fridays for Future) (Illinois)
301 South Hunter Street Thornton, Illinois 60476 firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com
This house has had quite an amazing history. The Village of Thornton was the first town incorporated in Illinois, in 1834. Chicago was incorporated 3 years later, in 1837, as a larger town of 4,000 people. In 1856, this one room school house was built in Thornton. I experimentally proved this in 1965 when I took a piece of the western wall sheathing wood into the University of Chicago for a scientific Carbon-14 radioactive dating test. The University test proved that the trees and logs for this one-room school house had been chopped down in 1855. This first photo below (from March 1946) was taken from the east. At that time, the building was essentially was still the 13'7" by 20'8" one-room school house size it had been built when it was built in 1856. The (east) door through which students entered and left through seen here was from the adjacent (north-south) Jane Street, with the Thorn Creek immediately behind it. About 20 feet further south (right) was the school-house's Outhouse (which my mother called "Martha") In 1871, the huge Chicago fire burned most of the Cook County property records before that. However, this one-room Thornton school-house was used continuously as a school from 1856 through 1904. There are many scuff marks on what is now the hardwood kitchen floor, which show the location of each of the sets of four metal desk legs, which shows that in various years between 1856 and 1904, from six to ten desks (and therefore students) were studying inside this one-room school house. This one-room school-house was not used as a school after 1904, and the building and its 3 city-lot playground land was sold to a young couple. They lived in the small house for 42 years, until they eventually sold it to my parents in March 1946 (for $1200). My father had 4 children, and so he constantly found the need to build more rooms onto it for the next 15 years, until the modern house eventually became the 11-room house which it now is.
So this specific house was actually one of the very first one-room school houses in the United States. I am now considering again making it help solve the COVID-19 virus problem today as a one-room school-house again.
This same one-room school house as it was built in 1856, and used as a one-room school house from 1856 through 1904. .
Detail of the Official Cook County Plat Map of Thornton.
This one-room school house and playground has always been in the half block between Hunter Street, Maria Street and Jane Street (lots number 1, 2 and 3). And adjacent to the horseshoe of Thorn Creek. The current village government denies that Jane Street ever existed! Cook County certainly thinks it used to exist, although part of Jane Street is now inside my two-car garage!
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